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Starr 040812-0041 Axonopus compressus.jpg
Axonopus compressus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae

See text.

Echinochloa colona (Jungle Rice) from Tribe Paniceae

Panicoideae is a subfamily of the true grass family. It probably constitutes two well-distinct lineages, the Andropogonodae and the Panicodae, which are further subdivided into tribes and subtribes. Three important agricultural species belong to this group: sugar cane, maize (also known as corn), and sorghum. The subfamily is a member of the PACMAD clade of grasses, the evolutionary group in which C4 photosynthesis independently evolved a number of times.[1]

Group 1: Panicodae[edit]

Tribe Paniceae

Group 2: Andropogonea[edit]

Tribe Andropogonea

Subtribe Andropogoninae

Subtribe Rottboelliinae

Tribe Maydeae


  1. ^ Phylogeny of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification Osvaldo Morrone, Lone Aagesen, Maria A. Scataglini, Diego L. Salariato, Silvia S. Denham, Maria A. Chemisquy, Silvana M. Sede, Liliana M. Giussani, Elizabeth A. Kellogg and Fernando O. Zuloag Cladistics 28 (2012) 333–356