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Temporal range: Pleistocene
Panochthus frenzelianus.jpg
P. frenzelianus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Xenarthra
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Subfamily: Glyptodontinae
Genus: Panochthus
Burmeister, 1866
  • P. frenzelianus
  • P. greslebini
  • P. hipsilis
  • P. morenoi
  • P. tuberculatus

Panochthus is an extinct genus of glyptodont, which lived in the Gran Chaco-Pampean region of Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay during the Pleistocene epoch.[1]

It could reach 3 m in length and a weight up to 1500 kg;[2] the upper skull and the body were protected by hemispherical armor composed of hundred of rounded scales. The tail, short and wedge-shaped, consisted of small bony bands with small spikes used for defense.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Zurita, Alfredo Eduardo; Zamorano, Martín; Scillato-Yané, Gustavo Juan; Fidel, Sergio; Iriondo, Martín; Gillette, David D. (2017-01-16). "A new species of Panochthus Burmeister (Xenarthra, Cingulata, Glyptodontidae) from the Pleistocene of the Eastern Cordillera, Bolivia". Historical Biology. 0 (0): 1–13. ISSN 0891-2963. doi:10.1080/08912963.2016.1278443. 
  2. ^ (in Spanish)

Further reading[edit]

  • Dinosaur Encyclopedia by Jayne Parsons

External links[edit]