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Born Asumal Sirumalani
(1941-04-17) 17 April 1941 (age 75)[1]
Berani, British India
Residence Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) Lakshmi Devi
Children Narayan Prem Sai (Son)
Bharti Devi (Daughter)
Parent(s) Mehangiba (Mother)
Thaumal Sirumalani (Father)

Asumal Sirumalani, known as Asaram Bapu[2][3] by his followers, is a Hindu religious leader from India born on 17 April 1941. In the early 1970s, Asaram's followers built an ashram for him on 4 ha (10 acres) of land in Gujarat. By 2013, he had 400 major and minor ashrams in India and abroad, with numerous followers. In the 2000s, several cases of land encroachment were lodged against his ashrams in multiple states. In 2008, the death of two boys at his Motera ashram led to public protests, amid allegations that black magic was being practiced at the ashram. In 2013, Asaram was arrested when a 16-year-old girl accused him of sexually assaulting her in Jodhpur.

Early life[edit]

Asaram was born on 17 April 1941, in the Berani village of the Nawabshah District in British India (Present-day Berani Town is located in Jam Nawaz Ali Tehsil of District Sanghar Sindh Pakistan), to Menhgiba and Thaumal Sirumalani.[4] His birthname was Asumal Thaumal Harpalani[5][6] or Asumal Sirumalani.[7]

Following the partition of India in 1947, he and his family moved to Ahmedabad, then part of the former Bombay State in India, now Gujarat, leaving behind their immovable assets in Sindh. Asaram's father worked in different cities of Gujarat, before moving to Ajmer in 1963. In Ajmer, Asaram drove a tanga (carriage), carrying pilgrims from the railway station to Dargah Sharif.[8] Subsequently, the family moved to Ahmedabad, where Asaram's father founded a coal and wood business. Asaram ran this business for a short time after his father's death.[9] At one time (1958–1959), he sold tea in front of the Magistrate's office.[7]

After his father's death, Asaram dropped out of Jai Hind High School, where he had studied till class III. According to Sant Asaramji ki Jeevan Jhanki, a biography published by his ashram, he ran away to an ashram in Bharuch at the age of 15, eight days before his scheduled wedding. His family persuaded him to return, and he married Laxmi Devi. At the age of 23, he again left home and wandered in pilgrimage places in Uttarakhand and Uttar pradesh. He met the spiritual guru Lilashah in Nainital, wanting to be his disciple; but the guru sent him back home. Thirteen days later after the return, he left home for another Ashram, but was sent back again. He then visited Lilashah once again, who accepted him as a disciple in Vrindavan. Lilashah named him Asaram on 7 October 1964.[10][11]

Asaram and Laxmi Devi have two children: Narayan Sai and Bharti Devi.


According to Sant Asaramji ki Jeevan Jhanki, Asaram returned to Ahmedabad on 8 July 1971. On 29 January 1972, he built a hut at Motera, then a village on the banks of the Sabarmati.[10] Although his official biography doesn't mention it, Asaram also lived in Motera's Sadashiv Ashram for two years, before setting up his own hut adjacent to it.[12] He converted his hutment into an ashram in 1973, starting with 5–10 followers. In 1981 and 1992, the Indian National Congress-led state government allotted the ashram 14,515 m2 land. In 1997 and 1999, the Bharatiya Janata Party-led government allotted it 25,000 m2 for expansion.[10] Asaram had few followers in the beginning, but the numbers increased as local politicians became his devotees.[13]

By 2013, Asaram had 400 major and minor ashrams in India and abroad, with numerous followers.[13]

In 2000, Asaram's ashram was allocated about 10 acres (4 ha) of land in Bhairavi village of Navsari district by the Gujarat government. The ashram encroached on an additional 6 acres (2 ha), leading to protests in the local villages. On a complaint filed by locals, and after repeated notices were ignored, the district authorities with police assistance bulldozed the encroachments and took possession of the land.[14]

On 8 January 2010, the Gujarat government took over 67,059 m2 of land from Asaram's Ahmedabad ashram, stating that the ashram had encroached on it. The government also took over 70 acres of agricultural land bought by Asaram's family in Sabarkantha, arguging that the family had forged papers to show themselves as farmers.[10]

Outside Gujarat[edit]

In 2009, the Bihar State Religious Trust forced Asaram's ashram to vacate a piece of land in Patna, following a court case. According to the trust, Asaram and his followers had usurped the land for a temple.[10]

In 2001, the Yog Vedanta Samiti of Asaram was reportedly given permission to use the premises of the Mangalya temple in Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh for 11 days for a satsang. The samiti failed to vacate the premises after the satsang, and continue to occupy a total of 40 ha (100 acres) of land, valued at over R7 billion.[15] The land belongs to the now defunct Jayant Vitamins Limited.[15] Asaram denied any involvement, saying the reports were baseless and untenable.[16]

In 2002, Asaram's followers convinced a Rajokri-based devotee Bhagwani Devi to donate some of her property to Asaram's trust. She agreed, but Asaram's men forged the power of attorney and transferred all her land the trust.[12]

The Nashik Municipal Corporation destroyed a part of his ashram in Bhilwara for a 10-year encroaching on government-owned land.[17]

In Rajasthan, Asaram's disciples Bhanwar Lal Soni and Satya Narayan Dhoot who helped set up Asaram's Jodhpur ashram, alleged that their lands had been encroached by the ashram, and filed court cases.[10]

In May 2013, the Cuttack Municipal Corporation razed an illegally built Asaram ashram.[12]


Spiritual discourses[edit]

Asaram has organized spiritual discourses all over India, including in cities like Ahmedabad and Patna. His devotees are shown taking diksha (initiation by a guru) from him in these satsang programs. Around 20,000 students visited his satsang in Ahmedabad in December 2001.[18][19] He preaches the existence of One Supreme Conscious and citing Bhakti yoga, Gnana yoga and Karma yoga as influences. In August 2012, when he was reportedly to deliver a lecture in a local college, his helicopter crashed while landing at Godhra. Asaram, the pilot, and the other passengers survived.[20][21]

In January 2013, while addressing a gathering of his followers, Asaram reportedly said that the victim of the 2012 Delhi gang rape was as guilty as her rapists. He is reported to have said: "The victim is as guilty as her rapists… She should have called the culprits brothers and begged before them to stop… This could have saved her dignity and life. Can one hand clap? I don't think so."[22] He is also reported to have said that he was against harsher punishments for the accused in the Delhi rape victim case, as the law could be misused. To support his point, he is said to have stated that, "Dowry law in India is the biggest example of law being misused."[23][24] This alleged blamed was widely criticized, including by politicians belonging to the two major political parties – Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress.[25] Asaram later denied giving any statement blaming the victim, and stated that his statement had been distorted and misrepresented.[26] He announced a reward of 50,000 for anyone who could prove that he blamed the victim.[27]

Parents' Worship Day[edit]

In 2011, Asaram's Yoga Vedanta Seva Samiti (YVSS), organized a Matri Pitri Poojan Divas ("mother-father worship day") on 14 February, declaring Valentine's Day as a Western cultural invasion. Over 700 parents and children participated in the programme at Rourkela, Orissa.[28]

In 2012, Asaram requested people all over India to celebrate "Parents' Worship Day", as an alternative to Valentine's Day.[29] His ashram published a booklet which described importance of worshipping one's own parents.[30] Asaram's proposal was supported by many prominent Indian politicians including President Pranab Mukherjee.[31] In 2015, the Government of the Chhattisgarh state institutionalized the practice, and directed all schools to observe Matru-Pitru Diwas ("mother-father day") every year on 14 February.[32]

Gurukul deaths case[edit]

By 2008, 40 of Asaram's ashrams had gurukuls (residential schools). The deaths of four boys at two of these Ashrams in 2008 led to allegations of black magic being practiced there.[10]

On 3 July 2008, two boys went missing from Asaram's residential school (gurukul) in Motera.[13] On 5 July 2013 – the boys' mutilated bodies were found on the banks of the Sabarmati river near the Ashram. The parents alleged that the police harassed them and refused to register a complaint against Asaram or the ashram administration.[13] The incident led to public agitations, with allegations that the boys had been sacrificed by Asaram and his followers for black magic.[33]

Two dead bodies were also found in Asaram's Chhindwara ashram, leading to protests by the local residents. On 29 July 2008, a nursery student was found dead in the ashram's toilet.[34] The police initially suspected that he had slipped on the floor, and died from injuries. On 31 July, another 5-year-old student was found dead in the toilet.[35] A forensic examination revealed that the bite mark matched the teeth of a senior student. On 4 August, the senior student was arrested for the murders. According to the police, he lured the victims to the toilet with the chocolates and killed them.[36] The parents of the boys' gave a clean chit to Asaram.[37]

The Narendra Modi-led Gujarat state government set up the Justice D.K. Trivedi Commission to probe the deaths in the Motera ashram.[38] In 2009, Asaram's followers organized a rally, protesting against their alleged harassment by the Gujarat police. The protest turned violent, and over 200 supporters of Asaram were arrested after they attacked and injured 20 policemen.[39] In 2012, when Asaram was summoned by the Trivedi Commission, he issued a threat to the Narendra Modi government, saying that any further "suppression" of him and his followers would result in Modi being "thrown out".[40] The five-year-old boy's father told reporters that it was an "accidental death" and added that he does not want any action against the Ashram authorities.[41][42]

Raju Chandak, a former aide of Asaram, told the DK Trivedi Commission that black magic and suspicious financial dools took place at the ashram.[43] Mahender Chawla, secretary of Narayan Sai during 2001–2005, told the Commission that he had seen Sai performed black magic in presence of dead bodies. As an example, he stated that Sai had recited mantras over the body of child covered with black cloth at Kalyan Ashram in Jhabua district.[44][45] Shekhar Kashmirilal Giridhar, another former follower of Asaram, said that he had never seen black magic being performed at the ashram.[46] In 2013, the lawyer of the deceased boys' parents admitted that there was no evidence of black magic having been practised on the two boys, but did not rule out the possibility.[33] The CID in its report found no proof of black magic.[47]


In August 2013, a 16-year-old girl accused Asaram of sexually assaulting her at his ashram in Jodhpur on the pretext of exorcising her from evil spirits.[48][49] The girl's parents filed a complaint with the police in Delhi, and a medical examination confirmed that she had been assaulted.[50]

When Asaram did not appear for interrogation by 31 August,[51] Delhi police booked him under Indian Penal Code sections 342 (wrongful confinement), 376 (rape), 506 (criminal intimidation), and sections of the Juvenile Justice Act, and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act.[52] Asaram remained inside his other ashram in Indore and avoided arrest while his devotees clashed with journalists and policemen outside.[51] Eventually, the Jodhpur police arrested him on 1 September 2013 from his ashram.[48][53]

Asaram dismissed the girl's allegations, and said that the accusations were a conspiracy orchestrated by Sonia Gandhi and her son Rahul Gandhi of the then-ruling Congress Party.[54][55] He had also said that he was impotent and not capable of sexual assault; according to India Today Asaram passed a potency test administered by a local medical college.[56] He has since been in jail and denied bail multiple times.[57] In October 2016 the India Times reported that the medical reports found no proof of rape or assault.[58]

In December 2013, Asaram's son Narayan Sai was also arrested on charges of rape, after two sisters from Surat alleged that he and his father had raped them in Asaram's ashram during the mid-2000s.[59] The elder sister accused Asaram of repeated sexual assaults during 1997–2006 at the Motera ashram. The younger sister accused Narayan Sai of sexually assaulting her during 2002–2005 at the Surat ashram. One of the sisters also alleged that Asaram's wife and daughter helped the two men exploit the girls.[60]

Threats and attacks[edit]

In September 2013, the father of the 16-year-old girl who accused Asaram of sexually assaulting her alleged that he had received death threats from Asaram's followers. He submitted audio clippings of these threats to the court.[61] In October 2013, a Surat deputy police commissioner also alleged that Asaram's supporters had threatened her, and asked her to stop the probe against Asaram.[62] On 14 September 2014, a follower of Asaram made an anonymous call to air traffic control Udaipur, and threatened to disrupt flight operations if Asaram was not released within two weeks. He was arrested from Uttar Pradesh.[63][64]

From 2014–15, there have been numerous attacks against various witnesses in the Asaram case.[12][65][66][67][68][69] Amrut Prajapati, a personal aide of Asaram, who said he had been attacked multiple times before, was attacked and killed on 23 May 2014.[10][13][70][71][72] Another associate Akhil Gupta was shot and killed on 11 January 2015.[73][74]


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External links[edit]