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Parioli (Italian pronunciation: [paˈrjɔːli]) is a neighbourhood in the north of Rome, Italy. The name comes from Monti Parioli, a series of tufa hills, and was given to the area before its incorporation into the city proper at the beginning of the 20th century. Some suggest that the name stems from "peraioli," as it was once the site of pear orchards.
The area extends approximately from Via Salaria and the end of Viale Regina Margherita, to the slope descending towards the Tiber and the Museum of Modern Art, found on the Viale delle Belle Arti. The other two sides are approximately delineated by Villa Borghese and Villa Ada. In the 19th century, Viale Regina Margherita was a tree-lined avenue that led from the neighborhood of the San Lorenzo district to the fields of Monti Parioli.
Main roads in the area are:
- Viale Parioli, a wide, tree lined avenue extending from piazza Ungheria to villa Gloria and Acqua Acetosa.
- Via Archimede, a quiet, horseshoe shaped street, curiously divides in two branches which both maintain the same name, site of numerous embassies.
- Viale Bruno Buozzi, a wide, tree lined street descending from piazza Pitagora to viale delle Belle Arti and the Tiber.
- Via dei Monti Parioli, a small street at the summit of the neighborhood, overlooked by elegant residential buildings; also the location of the Belgian and Serbian Embassies and the Monte Parioli English School, for children under 10 years old.
- Piazza Euclide, a wide square considered the center of the area.
Parioli began as an upper-class neighbourhood, and during the Fascist regime was the residence of many high-ranking party and state functionaries. Urbanization was completed in the 1950s. Today, Parioli is known as Rome's most elegant residential area. A number of foreign embassies are located there.