Parmele, North Carolina

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Parmele, North Carolina
Location of Parmele, North Carolina
Location of Parmele, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°49′2″N 77°18′44″W / 35.81722°N 77.31222°W / 35.81722; -77.31222Coordinates: 35°49′2″N 77°18′44″W / 35.81722°N 77.31222°W / 35.81722; -77.31222
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyMartin
Settled1890
IncorporatedFebruary 14, 1893
Area
 • Total1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Land1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
75 ft (23 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total278
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
262
 • Density230/sq mi (90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27861
Area code(s)252
FIPS code37-50540[2]
GNIS feature ID0991886[3]

Parmele is a town in Martin County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 278 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The town was settled in 1890 when the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad was built through the area to provide transportation from nearby lumber mills. It was named for local lumber mill owner E. A. Parmele. Following the construction of the Albemarle and Raleigh Railroad, the population rapidly grew and it was incorporated as a town in 1893 by the North Carolina General Assembly. A fire that burned through much of the town on April 1, 1904 destroying many businesses and led to the decline of nearby lumber mills. In 1909, William C. Chance founded the Higgs Industrial School for African Americans (also known as the Parmele Industrial Institute) which at its peak occupied a six-building campus and merged with the town's public school. The school was closed following a fire at its main building in 1954.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Parmele is located at 35°49′2″N 77°18′44″W / 35.81722°N 77.31222°W / 35.81722; -77.31222 (35.817123, -77.312220).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, it has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900336
1910272−19.0%
192035530.5%
1930341−3.9%
194041722.3%
1950406−2.6%
1960323−20.4%
197037315.5%
198048429.8%
1990321−33.7%
2000290−9.7%
2010278−4.1%
Est. 2016262[1]−5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 290 people, 114 households, and 73 families residing. The population density was 244.7 people per square mile (94.1/km²). There were 133 housing units at an average density of 112.2 per square mile (43.2/km²). The racial makeup was 10.69% White, 85.86% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.34% Asian, and 2.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 114 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 25.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.27.

The population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.

The median income for a household was $20,179, and the median income for a family was $21,528. Males had a median income of $22,344 versus $16,964 for females. The per capita income was $16,976. About 28.0% of families and 29.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under the age of eighteen and 28.0% of those sixty five or over.

Notable people[edit]

Country music group, Parmalee best known for their single "Carolina" is from Parmele.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Kammerer, Roger (November–December 1994). "A History of the Town of Parmele". Greenville Times. North Carolina Publications Index. Retrieved October 27, 2017 – via East Carolina University.
  5. ^ "Parmele". Towns of Martin County, NC. Martin County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Journal Star: Local & World News, Sports & Entertainment in Peoria, IL". Journal Star. Retrieved 2020-05-28.