Pauline Henriques

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Pauline Henriques, on BBC's Caribbean Voices in 1952.

Pauline Clothilde Henriques (1 April 1914 – 1 November 1998), known to all as Paul, was a Jamaican-born English actress. In 1946, she became the first black female actress for British television. She was also the first black female Justice of the Peace, and was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1969. She worked extensively with unmarried mothers and worked as a counsellor with, and later Secretary to, the Brook Counselling and Advisory Clinic.[1]

Early life[edit]

Pauline Henriques was born in Kingston, Jamaica, to Cyril Charles Henriques, a wealthy merchant, and Edith Emily Delfosse.[2] One of six children, she moved with her family to England from Jamaica in 1919, as her father wanted to give his children an English education. Her elder brother, Cyril George Henriques (1908–1982),[3] became a Lord Chief Justice of Jamaica.

Another brother, Fernando, was a President of the Oxford Union in 1944, and a published author.

Paul and her siblings are mentioned in an exhibition about Jamaican families and their roles in the UK during the Second World War in Southwark.[4]

In 1936 Paul married Geoffrey William Heneberry (1909-1994). Their daughter Gail (born 26 March 1937) later married Keith Critchlow, artist, author, and professor of architecture in England.

In 1948 Paul Henriques married the actor, Neville Cobbiah Crabbe (1923–83), with whom she had one son, Biff Crabbe (born 1953). In 1969 she married Joe Benjamin (1921-1995), taking on three step-sons Mark (born 1952), Simon (born 1956) and Adam (1958) Pauline died in Brighton in 1998.

Career[edit]

Acting and radio[edit]

Paul broke more than one glass ceiling in her time, the first of which was as the first Black female actress on British TV in 1946. Cast as Hattie Harris in a 1946 BBC television version of Eugene O'Neill's play All God's Chillun Got Wings,[5] she continued to perform on stage and screen in a variety of roles during the 1950s.[6] She was also cast as Ella in The Heart Within.[7]

She acted in the BBC's A Man from the Sun, a television drama documentary that for the first time portrayed the lives of Caribbean settlers in post-war Britain.[8]

Counselling[edit]

During the later part of her career Paul, then known as Pauline Crabbe, worked extensively in counselling unmarried mothers and was involved in championing counselling for pregnant teenagers, especially those under the age of 16, to determine whether abuse had been involved.[1]

In the early 1960s she was welfare secretary of the National Council for the Unmarried Mother and Her Child.[9] In 1966 she helped form the Haverstock Housing Trust, and in the following year was appointed to the Housing Corporation.[10] In 1977, Pauline featured as a speaker at the Altrusa Convention,[11] as the Secretary to the Brook Advisory Centres.[12] She was also interviewed at length for the National Sound Archive.

For Channel 4's Faces of the Family show in 1994, Paul appeared as the matriarch of an extended family.[13]

For her role and responsibility towards women, she was quoted in the First Woman Sheriffs in the United States on the front page:

"Any woman who is a first in a field previously dominated by men has the responsibility of opening doors for other women."[14]

Works[edit]

Featured in: Bourne, Stephen (1998) Black in the British frame: Black people in British film and television, 1896-1996. Cassell Murray, Jenni (1996) The Woman's Hour: 50 years on women in Britain. BBC Books Nicholson, Mavis (1995) What did you do in the war, mummy? Chatto & Windus Pines, Jim (1992) Black and white in colour: Black people in British television since 1936. BFI

References[edit]