Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayudu

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Pemmasani Ramalinga Naidu
Emperor of Gandikota
3rd Pemmasani Emperor
Reign 1509-1530
Coronation 1509 A. D.
Predecessor Pemmasani Chennapa Naidu
Successor Pemmasani Peddatimma Naidu
Born Gandikota, Andhra Pradesh
Dynasty Pemmasani dynasty
Religion Hindu

Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayudu was the King of Gandikota who ruled much of modern day Rayalaseema, Guntur, Krishna and parts of Orissa under which Pemmasani dynasty rulers earned them after winning them in battles as part of the great Vijayanagar empire. He had a military strength of nearly 80,000 soldiers and thus is one of the most powerful king in India at that time. He played a crucial role in winning the battle against combined armies of Kalburgie, Golconda and Ahmednagar for Sri Krishnadevaraya.[1]

Ramalinga Naidu is well noted for his rule where he built many new villages and forts and has became the most powerful king beside Sri Krishnadevaraya in Vijayanagar kingdom. His rule saw the selling of diamonds in streets in his kingdom which bought the Rayalseema the name "Ratanalaseema" meaning land of diamonds.

Impressed with his bravery and military skills Ramalinga Naidu became most trustworthy ally of Sri Krishnadevaraya.

He was the chief military commander of the Vijayanagar king Sri Krishnadevaraya at the Battle of Raichur. He was the grandson of Gandikota ruler Pemmasani Timmanayudu. Pemmasani Nayaks were a martial clan in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[2] They came into prominence during Vijayanagar times as rulers of Gandikota.[3][4] The Pemmasani warriors were previously serving Kakatiya dynasty as army commanders and migrated to Vijayanagar in 1370 CE after the downfall of Musunuri Nayaks in Warangal.[5]

Ramalinga led troops in the battle of Raichur.[6][7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ M. Rama Rao,1971, National book trust, New Delhi, p.17
  2. ^ K. Iswara Dutt, Journal of Andhra Historical Research Society. Vol. 10, pp. 222–224
  3. ^ Rayavachakam by Viswanatharaya Sthanapati (Telugu)
  4. ^ Vijayanagara, Burton Stein, Cambridge University Press, 1989, p. 88, ISBN 0-521-26693-9
  5. ^ Kammavari Charitra (in Telugu language) by K. B. Chowdary, 1939. Revised Edition, 2006, Pavuluri Publishers, Guntur,India
  6. ^ Tidings of the king: a translation and ethnohistorical analysis of the Rayavachakamu by Phillip B. Wagoner. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1993, ISBN 0-8248-1495-9. (
  7. ^ Further Sources of Vijayanagar History, K. A. Nilakanta Sastry, 1946, (
  8. ^ Journal of the Andhra Historical Society, 1930, p. 169