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Temporal range: Famennian–Recent
Penaeus vannamei 01.jpg
Litopenaeus vannamei
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Dendrobranchiata
Superfamily: Penaeoidea
Rafinesque, 1815

Penaeoidea is the larger of the two superfamilies of prawns. It comprises eight families, three of which are known only from fossils.[1][2] The fossil record of the group stretches back to Aciculopoda, discovered in Famennian sediments in Oklahoma.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109.
  2. ^ a b Rodney Feldmann & Carrie Schweitzer (2010). "The oldest shrimp (Devonian: Famennian) and remarkable preservation of soft tissue". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 30 (4): 629–635. doi:10.1651/09-3268.1.