22 July 1942 |
Mayrhofen, Tyrol, Austria
|Occupation||Mountaineer, ski instructor|
|Known for||Mount Everest first ascent without supplemental oxygen|
He began climbing with Reinhold Messner in 1969. Several accomplishments in mountaineering followed. The most notable event was the first ascent without supplemental oxygen of Mount Everest in May 8, 1978 together with Messner, which was previously thought to be impossible. A year after his climb on Everest he published Lonely Victory in 1979. Habeler set further records by descending from the summit to the south col in only one hour and climbing the north face of the Eiger in ten hours.
Other eight-thousanders (mountains over 8,000 meters) that Habeler has summited are Cho Oyu, Nanga Parbat, Kangchenjunga and Gasherbrum I. He has also climbed Yerupaja Chico (6089 m) in South America. The ascent of Gasherbrum I was made with Messner in 1975, Alpine-style in three days, and is seen by some as ushering in a new era of alpine style ascents of eight-thousanders, in contrast to the "siege" tactics which had largely prevailed to this time. It was the first time an eight-thousander had been climbed Alpine-style. Habeler attempted to climb Everest again in 2000 but failed to do so due to fluid in his lungs.
Habeler became a skiing instructor at age twenty one and  founded the Peter Habeler Ski and Mountaineering School in his hometown of Mayrhofen, Austria. The school is now run by his son, though Peter still teaches on occasion. Now aged 70, Habeler is still passionate on mountaineering, climbing, and trekking in Nepal.
- Peter Habeler (1978). Der einsame Sieg: Mount Everest '78, Goldmann. ISBN 3-442-03740-9
- "Men and the mountains". The Calgary Herald. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
- Bruckner, D. J. R. (1982-12-12). "High Mountains And Far Places". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
- Roberts, David (May 2004). "Messner's Burden". National Geographic Adventure. Retrieved 2010-07-10.