Peyton House (Raymond, Mississippi)
1936 HABS photo
|Nearest city||Raymond, Mississippi|
|Built by||John B. Peyton|
|NRHP Reference #||73001016|
|Added to NRHP||October 3, 1973|
The house was built by, and is significant for its association with, John B. Peyton (1797-1868), an early surveyor and settler of central Mississippi. Peyton was born in Fauquier County, Virginia in 1797 and came to Natchez, Mississippi in 1819. He worked as a surveyor for many years. He was elected major of the Mississippi Militia's 18th Regiment in 1827. He was elected to the Mississippi legislature in 1828. According to the NRHP nomination for the property,
In 1829, Peyton cast the deciding vote that kept the state capital from being moved to the town of Clinton and was challenged to a duel by Judge Isaac Caldwellof that community. Peyton, having the choice of weapons, selected rifles. No real damage resulted in the exchange of fire, but Caldwell was grazed by the ball from Peyton's rifle.
The house is a one-and-a-half-story gable-front house with dormers and elaborate woodwork, built on brick piers. The gable end included a partial Palladian window, which had side windows and a rounded top window, but lacked an opening where the central window would go. The house was also unusual for having a lower-level room. The house's style is an adaptation of a Virginia style of home (or perhaps a specific Virginia house, presumably Waverly, house built in 1790 in Fauquier County, Virginia), modified to allow more ventilation needed in the Mississippi climate. The house has been modified somewhat from its historic form, including by adding a central window in the gable.
The property's livestock was seized by the Union Army after the 1863 Battle of Raymond, a significant battle in the Vicksburg Campaign. An order of Major General Ulysses S. Grant released the livestock, perhaps due to Peyton "being a strong Union man".
Peyton died in 1868 at the home, aged 70 or 71. He was known as the father of the town of Raymond and was its oldest citizen when he died.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- William C. Wright (June 20, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Peyton House / Waverly" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved October 18, 2016. with two photos from 1972
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