|• Mayor||Michael Schrenk|
|• Total||30.12 km2 (11.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Pfullingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 3 km southeast of Reutlingen at the foot of the Swabian Alb. With its almost 20,000 inhabitants it is famous for its Handball team, which in 2006 had to file for bankruptcy, the Schönbergturm and the People mover.
Pfullingen is situated in the Northern foothills of the Alb in the valley of the river Echaz. Pfullingen is surrounded by the cone-like hills Achalm and Georgenberg as well as some mountains of the Albtrauf.
At the end of the 14th century Pfullingen lost its city privileges after having been conquered and destroyed by the forces of the Free Imperial City Reutlingen. About 1500 Pfullingen became part of Württemberg, its city privileges being restored only in 1699.
Pfullingen is home to many schools, in 2013 Wilhem-Hauff-Realschule held an exchange with East Bergholt High School. The Friedrich-Schiller-Gymnasium, which is named by a famous German poet, held an exchange with Park Ridge High School, New Jersey.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Council
- 4 Mayor
- 5 Emblem and flag
- 6 Twinning
- 7 Things
- 8 Buildings
- 9 Natural Beauty
- 10 Landscape and Nature
- 11 Natural monuments
- 12 Protected Areas
- 13 Landscape Protection Areas
- 14 Museums
- 15 Music
- 16 Sports
- 17 Economy and Infrastructure
- 18 Media
- 19 Facilities
- 20 Education
- 21 Personality
- 22 Literature
- 23 References
Pfullinger market fountain in the city center, at the market place between the two town hall buildings; at the fountain wall are stylized pictures of scenes of Pfullinger legends. In a deed of donation of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor in the year 937 Pfullingen was first documented. Towards the end of the 14th century lost Pfullingen due to the cities wars his town privileges to the city of Reutlingen and was captured and destroyed. The Poor Clares Monastery in Pfullingen was donated in 1250 by Miss Mechtild and Irmel. The Holy Roman Emperors roofed it with preferential rights and freedoms. The monastery hofmeister was also an official, who managed the the monastery's places Genkingen and Reicheneck. In the Reformation, the monastery was dissolved and disintegrated. 1793, the ruins were completely removed. 1487 the last noble of the place of Pfullingen, Caspar Remp, sold his courtyards including castle and all goods to Eberhard I, Duke of Württemberg.Thus the place came fully to Württemberg. With the villages Unter-and Oberhausen, Honau, Lichtenstein, Holzelfingen and Kleinengstingen Pfullingen fancied lower office and thus became part of Oberamt Urach. During the Thirty Years' War Pfullingen was from 1635 to 1648 with short interruptions administrative headquarters of mortgage stem Achalm and thus Further Austrian. The Austrian manager resided in the castle. This was attacked by the commander of Württemberg fortress Hohentwiel, Konrad Widerholt and was badly damaged. With the Peace of Westphalia Pfullingen returned to Württemberg. The monastery was vacated. In 1699 Pfullingen again received town privileges and was raised to a monastery office. Only in 1806 it fell to the Oberamt Reutlingen. In 1824 lived in the town Pfullingen 3,435 inhabitants.The hydropower of Echaz made very early industrialization possible. Already in 1830 were counted 22 water engines. The formerly dominant agriculture fell sharply, also former viticulture does not longer exist today. See also castle Pfullingen (Upper Castle), Jagdschloss Pfullingen (Lower Castle, Rempe Castle) In 1999 the Baden-Württemberg home days took place.
The council has 22 members Pfullingen. The local elections on 25 May 2014 led to the following official results. The council consists of the elected honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. Parties and voters Communities % 2014 seats 2014 % 2009 seats 2009 local elections in 2014 % 30 20 10 0 27.6% 25.9% 21.7% 12.8% 12.1%
Gains and losses compared to 2009 % p 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 -6 + 4.8% p -1.4% P -4.2% P 0.6% p + 0.3% p
- UWV Independent Voters Association Pfullingen 27.6 6 22.8 5
- FW Free Voters Association Pfullingen 25.9 5 27.3 6
- CDU Christian Democratic Union 21.7 5 25.9 6
- SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 12.8 3 12.2 3
- GAL Green Alternative List Pfullingen 12.1 3 11.8 2
total 100.0 22 100.0 22 poll 44.8% 48.0%
The mayor is elected for a term of eight years. Since January 13, 2015 is the incumbent Michael Schrenk, who was elected on 19 October 2014 successor of Rudolf Hess.
Emblem and flag
Blazon : ". In blue under a lying black deer rod a silver pillow with gold tassels on the four corners and red foray." Pfullingen led since the beginning of the 15th century one handed down in print for the first time in 1501 Seal showing the speaking for the place name "Pfulben" (= Pfiihl, pillows) under the Württemberg stag rod; Today you explain him the privilege of a spring market. In 1600 is repeatedly testified as box color red, a little later, the reduction of the deer rack in a shield main. The award of municipal rights did not occur until 1699. After later occupied field color blue and with the omission of the golden shield Haupts you put the present shape of the emblem in 1934 established.The background of the emblem is blue, the color of the Lords of Lichtenstein and the Rempen. The city flag is blue-white-red.
Since 1985 there is an official twinning with the French community Passy. The on tourism focused community is located approximately 53 km south east of Geneva in the department of Haute-Savoie. Since 1973, there were regular meetings between the Friedrich Schiller Gymnasium in Pfullingen and the Lycée de Mont-Blanc Passy. This extended to events between associations of both cities and ended in 1985, finally in an official twinning, which celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2010. Since 2012 is also the Saxon community Lichtenstein twinned. It was signed in a partnership ceremony on 29 September 2012 in Lichtenstein.
- Schönberg Tower
The Schönberg Tower (793 m above sea level. NN), popularly known as "Pfullenger Onderhos" (Pfullinger underpants), forms a in the southwest located, highly visible landmark of the city and was completed 1906.
- The Pfullinger Schlössle is a built around 1450 half-timbered building.
- Churches in Pfullingen are the monastery church of the former Poor Clares (13th century until the Reformation) and Martin church in late Gothic style, which is partially obtained from 1463.
- The by the architect Theodor Fischer designed Pfullinger halls with large Art Nouveau paintings were donated on 24 October 1907 by Louis Laiblin to the city.
- In 1799 built Baumann's mill locates since 1988 the costume and mill museum.
- The earth-mound on the road towards Gönningen was built in 1995 by the landscape gardening Hofmann, since 2005 is located in the building an animal protection center of the federal government against abuse of animals.
- Wedding meadow
- Monastery garden
- Monastery sea
- Park of Villa Laiblin
- Castle Park
- Town garden
Landscape and Nature
Pfullingen has to his district over several attractions and recreational areas on Albrand and on the Alb plateau, among which some nature reserves with different habitats are. The most popular among them are:
- Wedding meadow
- Pfullingen mountain
- Schönberg (Schönberg Tower)
- Übersberg and Mädlesfels
- Wackerstein: He is the highest elevation of 825 meters above sea Pfullingen. NN and is a popular destination for hikers and climbers.
Due to the location on the escarpment are some of these localities viewpoints that offer training and tourism on the landscape structure of the wider area.
- Troll flower meadow cold Bronnen, 1.5 hectares (ha)
- Mountain meadow Schomberg, 4.7 ha
- Troll flower meadow ox walkways, 0.3 ha
- Wetlands Wolfsgrube, 3,8 ha
- Wetland Echazwinkel, 0.1 ha
- Wetland meadows acid, 0,6 ha
- Mädlesfelsen (Girl rock)
- Ursula Hochberg, 9.0 ha
- Kugelberg, 26.7 ha
- Kugelberg (städt. Nature Reserve), 26.9 ha
- Bergwiese Gielsberg, 68.0 ha
Landscape Protection Areas
- Reutlinger and Uracher Alb, 52.0 ha
- George Mountain, 8.0 ha
Pfullingen has several museums that deal with the regional cultural history: In the rooms of the Alemannic half-timbered building from the mid-15th century and the associated scouring is housed a permanent exhibition and an annually changing special exhibition. The costume and the mill museum are housed in the Baumann's mill. In the Trachtenmuseum the Swabian Jura association shows not only costumes and costume accessories from the Kingdom of Württemberg and the surrounding area, but also furniture, home appliances and laundry. The mill museum with a functioning grain mill is housed facing part of Baumann's mill in the Echaz. In addition to the presentation of the mill equipment, the museum also focuses on the history of hydropower and Kornmüllerei. The former publisher of Neske publishing Pfullingen established in early 2010, Neske library, a permanent exhibition of works which have been published by publishing Neske opened. The visitor is also information about the respective author. In the laundry house of the former Poor Clare monastery is a permanent exhibition on the theme was "- humility - poverty obedience, The World of Pfullinger Clares 1250-1649" set.
- Musikverein Stadtkapelle Pfullingen e. V., founded in 1903
- Männergesangsverein Eintracht Pfullingen 1904 e. V.
- Liederkranz Pfullingen e. V., founded in 1837
- Accordion Orchestra in Swabian Albverein Ortsgruppe Pfullingen founded in 1951
- Martin College Pfullingen (Orchestra)
- Choir and Orchestra of the Friedrich-Schiller-Gymnasium
The VfL Pfullingen was founded in 1862 and has over 3,200 members (2005). The men's handball team played from 2002 to 2006 in the Handball-Bundesliga. Since the 2010/2011 season, the VfL Pfullingen plays in the handball Oberliga Baden-Württemberg men. The Schützenverein Pfullingen 1522 was founded in 1522. On the Übersberg is 48 ° 27 '33 "N, 9 ° 17' 55" O a glider area at around 780 meters above sea level with two 1,100-meter-long tracks.
Economy and Infrastructure
The main road B 312, from the Bundesautobahn 8 at Stuttgart Airport coming, leads via Pfullingen over Riedlingen and Biberach an der Riss to Memmingen. In December 2003, bypassing the main through-road in the form of the 1180 m long Ursulaberg tunnel was opened to traffic. The Public transport is guaranteed by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau (NALDO). The city is located in the comb 220. Until the early 1980s drove a railway through Pfullingen. Today is applied on the route, a cycle path.
Pfullingen has been known in recent years by the installation of a prototype of the new pedestrian crossing system People mover. The People mover Pfullingen is the only road crossing border elevator system in the world. People who want to cross the street are, in a lift cage initially finally moved into a serving as pillars tower upwards, then along a horizontal bridge over the road and back to the level of the road surface. The People Mover was developed by the company Schmid Engineering, the Structural by the company Knaack Empire was planned. 2009, the system was shut down due to enormously high operating and maintenance costs until further notice.
- Echaz Messenger, local edition of the Reutlinger General-Anzeiger (GEA) (until 31 December 2015, Official Journal of the City of Pfullingen).
- Pfullinger newspaper (Reutlinger Nachrichten) (until 31 December 2015, Official Journal of the City of Pfullingen)
- Pfullinger Journal
Official Journal of the city Pfullingen (since 1 January 2016)
- Outdoor pool (Schönbergbad)
- Indoor Swimming Pool (Echazbad)
- Sports facilities
- Kurt-App Gymnasium
- Stadium on Schönberg
- Eierbach sports ground
- Schönberg Hall
- Public library (Stadtbücherei)
- Castle School (elementary school)
- Volkshochschule Pfullingen
- Burgweg school (elementary school)
- Laiblinschule (Elementary School)
- Castle School (elementary school)
- Uhlandschule (primary and special school)
- Karl Adolf Laiblin, (1850-1921), paper manufacturer and Kommerzienrat
- Louis Laiblin, (1861-1927), patron, donated the Pfullingen halls
- 1996: Erich Möck, (1921-2006), was 40 years in the council
- 2005:.Theodor Götz, (1930-2008), for 34 years in the council, rector of the Friedrich-Schiller-Gymnasium
- 2015: Rudolf Hess (* 1948), mayor from 1984 to 2015
Sons and daughters of the city
- Sigmund Christian Gmelin (1679-1707), theologian
- Julius Simon of Nördlinger (1771-1860), mining and forestry commissioner
- Johannes Rehm (1826-1900), Stadtpflegfer 1859-1895, Member of Württemberg Landtag
- Louis Laiblin (1861-1927), Geheimer Hofrat, patron
- Ludwig Steimle (1887-1974), from 1945 to 1946 mayor of Ravensburg
- Johannes Fink (1895-1981), Air Force General
- Wilhelm Kinkelin (1896-1990), Nazi physicians and Swabian homeland researcher, SS Brigade Commander, author of a book about Pfullingen
- Jasmin Kosubek (* 1989), television presenter
- Barbara Rose (1949-1986), singer
As "almost son" Pfullingens applies the playwright and poet Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956). Meanwhile parents married proven in May 1897 in Pfullingen and spent in the station building, where the bride's father at the time was stationmaster, her wedding night. Nine months later, Bertolt Brecht was born in Augsburg. 1997/1998 you honored him with the slogan "Bertolt Brecht - made in Pfullingen" with various local events on the occasion of his 100th birthday and "procreation year". .
- Hermann Fischer, Brigitte Neske, Hermann Taigel (Hrsg.): Pfullingen. Günther Neske, Pfullingen 1982, ISBN 3-7885-0252-5. Umfassende Darstellung der Stadtgeschichte, seiner Flora und Fauna u. a.
- Barbara Scholkmann, Birgit Tuchen: Die Martinskirche in Pfullingen. Archäologie und Baugeschichte in: Materialhefte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg 53, Theiss, Stuttgart, 1999 ISBN 3-8062-1479-4
- Steffen Burgemeister: Pfullingen. Sutton, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-139-4
- Entry in Zedlers Universallexikon, Vol. 27, p. Pfullingen
- Hermann Taigel: Louis Laiblin, Privatier : ein schwäbischer Mäzen, Pfullingen : Geschichtsverein Pfullingen, 2005
- "Bevölkerungsentwicklung in den Gemeinden Baden-Württembergs 2014 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen)" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- Eberhard Fritz: Die „Pfandschaft Achalm“ im Besitz der Tiroler Linie des Hauses Habsburg. Expansionsbestrebungen in Vorderösterreich während des Dreißigjährigen Krieges. In: Reutlinger Geschichtsblätter. 49, 2010, S. 239–348.
- Beschreibung des Oberamts Reutlingen von Professor Memminger, Mitglied des Königl. Statistisch-Topographischen Bureau. Stuttgart und Tübingen, in der J. G. Cotta’schen Buchhandlung. 1824.
- gea.de Pfullingen wählt bei der Bürgermeisterwahl Schrenk; Artikel von Petra Schöbel im Reutlinger Generalanzeiger vom 20. Oktober 2014 (www.gea.de)
- Klemens Stadler: Deutsche Wappen. Band VIII: Baden-Württemberg Seite 85. Mit Zeichnungen von Max Reinhart. Angelsachsen-Verlag Bremen, 1971.
- Angaben zur Heirat von Brechts Eltern in Pfullingen auf der offiziellen Website Pfullingens
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