Phil Read at the Austrian Salzburgring.
|Born||1 January 1939|
Phillip William Read M.B.E. (born 1 January 1939) is an English former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer. Although he was often overshadowed by his contemporary, Mike Hailwood, he became the first man to win world championships in the 125 cc, 250 cc and 500 cc classes.
The Early years
Born in the large Bedfordshire town of Luton, Read was a keen road-rider and worked as an apprentice fitter at Brown and Green, a Luton manufacturer of industrial machinery. His first road machine was a Velocette KSS which he started on at the UK legal-minimum riding age of sixteen in 1955, followed by a BSA Gold Star DBD32. He started amateur short-circuit racing in 1958 on a Duke BSA Gold Star. In 1960 he won the Junior Manx Grand Prix on a Manx Norton at record speed followed by the Junior (350cc) TT race in 1961. He placed second in the 350cc and 500cc races at the 1961 North West 200 in Northern Ireland on Manx Nortons
In 1963, up and coming Read was temporarily drafted-in to fill Derek Minter's absence in the Scuderia Duke Gilera Grand Prix team, as Minter had been seriously injured in May at Brands Hatch after a last-lap accident when dicing for the lead with Dunstall rider Dave Downer, after which Downer died.
When contesting June's Isle of Man Senior TT, the Duke team claimed 2nd (John Hartle) and 3rd (Read) to Mike Hailwood's MV, followed by Dutch TT at Assen where it was 1st (Hartle) and 2nd (Read) with Mike Hailwood's MV retiring in the 500cc class. Read was second to Hailwood in the Belgium GP 500cc race. Minter recovered and returned in time to reclaim his team place for the next event, the Ulster GP at Dundrod in August. The Scuderia Duke Gilera Grand Prix team disbanded at the end of 1963.
The Two Stroke years
During the mid-1960s Yamaha had prolific riders in Read, Canadian Michelle Duff and later Bill Ivy. In 1964, Read gave Yamaha their first world title when he won the 250cc class. He would repeat as champion the following year. For 1966, Yamaha would introduce a new, four cylinder 250cc bike. Teething problems with the new engine meant he would lose the crown to Hailwood. In 1967 he would battle Hailwood on his six-cylinder Honda all the way to the final round. They would end up tied but, Hailwood took the crown due to having five wins to Read's four. Read took over from Frank Perris in 1967 as representative for the Grand Prix Riders' Association.
The 1968 season proved to be controversial for Read. The Yamaha factory had wanted Read to concentrate on winning the 125cc title and teammate Bill Ivy to take the 250cc crown. After winning the 125cc championship, Read decided to disobey team orders and fight Ivy for the 250cc title. They finished the season tied in the points and Read was awarded the championship based on elapsed times. It was a costly decision as Yamaha would never offer him another ride.
In January 1969 Read lent his support to a project intended to provide racing engines to the general public – dubbed Read Weslake, it was a prototype Weslake four-stroke 500cc vertical twin, with four valves per cylinder and gear-driven camshafts. Initially the engine was installed into standard Rickman Street Metisse frame intended for a Triumph Bonneville engine.
Read was to be rider and development consultant. He decided that the Metisse frame was too heavy, and despite intentions to manufacture a lighter race frame, he decided to abandon the Rickman frame in favour of a Reynolds frame built by Ken Sprayson for Tom Arter and his rider Peter Williams who had a project to replace their ageing Matchless G50
Read was to be based at Weslake in Rye, England to develop the project further, releasing Peter Williams for his Norton work, but Read pulled out in November. The engine project continued, enlarging the capacity to 700cc in 1970 with some race entries sponsored by Geoff Monty before finally folding
After sitting out most of the 1969 and 1970 grand prix seasons when the major Japanese factories all withdrew from Grands Prix racing, he concentrated on the major British and European international meetings.
Read returned full-time to the Grands Prix circuit in 1971 on a very special privateer production Yamaha developed under the direction of the Dutchman, Ferry Brouwer with twin disc brakes, improved horsepower and aerodynamics together with help from Eric Cheney (frame), Helmut Fath (dry clutch) and Rod Quaife (six speed transmission) but no factory support.[not in citation given] On this bike he was able win the first three Grands Prix of the season and go on to claim his fifth world championship.
The Four Stroke years
In 1972 Read was given a ride with the MV Agusta team in the 350 World Championship. In 1973, riding in both the 350 and 500 classes, he took the 500cc title, the first World Championship won using Lockheed disc brakes. He successfully defended his crown in 1974 in what would be the last world championship for the legendary Italian marque. It would also be the last time a four-stroke machine would win a title until the advent of the MotoGP class in 2002.
Read also had 'guest' rides as part of the JPS team Norton for 1972, finishing fourth in the Daytona 200-mile race. Other riders were Norton factory employee Peter Williams and Tony Rutter as third rider. Rutter was soon replaced by John Cooper
On the MV he gave Agostini's Yamaha a strong fight for the 1975 500cc championship but finished in second place. Realizing the writing was on the wall for four-stroke machinery, he left the Italian company to campaign a privateer Suzuki in the 1976 season after which he retired from Grand Prix racing.
Read entered TT events from 1977, winning the F1 (Formula 1) race on the works Honda CB750 SOHC and Senior race on a Suzuki. Again on the Honda for 1978 F1, he recorded a DNF but was placed 4th in the Classic. These races led to Honda producing a limited-production of 150 'Phil Read Replica' Formula 1 race-styled roadsters based on the CB750F2 with styling accessories by Seeley in Honda Britain colours of blue and red.
He competed in the 1978 TT against Mike Hailwood, who made a famous comeback riding a Ducati 900SS provided by Manchester dealer Sports Motorcycles. Read's last race was at the Isle of Man TT in 1982 at the age of 43. The FIM named him a Grand Prix "Legend" in 2002.
A lesser-known aspect of Read's career was his involvement in endurance racing. He rode a Honda in the 24-hour Bol d'Or endurance race at Le Mans; and he was a two-time winner of the Thruxton 500 endurance race in 1962 and 1963.
During the 1970s period, Read started to distribute Premier helmets and gave his name to a range of motorcycle clothing, including marketing a 'Phil Read Replica' full-face helmet with the familiar design and colour scheme of black with three white flashes and chequer strip.
Today Phil Read M.B.E. Lives in Canterbury Kent, spending the summers visiting race tracks around Europe and demonstrating some of the motorcycles from his racing career.
Following the death of John Surtees on 10 March 2017, Read is now the oldest surviving 500cc/MotoGP World Champion.
Points system from 1950 to 1968:
Points system from 1969 onwards:
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)
- England and Wales births, Retrieved 9 March 2015
- 50 Years of Moto Grand Prix (1st edition). Hazelton Publishing Ltd, 1999. ISBN 1-874557-83-7
- Phil Read career statistics at MotoGP.com
- Classic Bike, September 2002, p.16 Phil Read Column. Accessed and added 23 August 2014
-  Phil Read's Official Site. Retrieved 28 May 2013
-  IOM TT Official site. 1961 race results retrieved 29 May 2013
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011. Official NW200 Results 1961 Results Retrieved 2 June 2013
-  Classic Bike Guide. Retrieved 13 May 2013
- Mick Walker, The BSA Gold Star. Accessed 13 May 2013
- Mick Walker, Geoff Duke: The Stylish Champion. Accessed 13 May 2013
- Motor Cycle, 16 February 1967, p. 209 Racing Line by David Dixon. Read takes over from Perris. "Speaking from his Guernsey home, where he has a boat retailing business, Phil is just as anxious as Frank to keep the association going. Copies of the constitution are available from Phil Read, Hakone, Pleinmont Road, Tortegal, Guernsey, Channel Islands". Accessed and added 1 November 2014
-  www.sintich.com Four valves per cylinder Retrieved 1 June 2013
- Eric Cheney obituary
-  AP Racing official site (was Lockheed disc brakes) Retrieved 28 May 2013
-  IOM TT Database, Results, 1977 Races index page. Retrieved 13 May 2013
-  IOM TT Database, Results, 1978 Classic Race. Retrieved 13 May 2013
- Phil Read Isle of Man TT results at iomtt.com
- MotoGP Legends at MotoGP.com
- Motorcyclist Illustrated, June 1974, p.36 full-page advert ride Premier ride safely Phil Read Promotions, PO Box 827, London W2 4XG. Accessed and added 2 November 2014
- Motor Cycle News 14 November 1979 p.35 Advert Phil Read Honda Centre, 5/9 Molesey Road, Hersham, Surrey. "Behind every bike, 56 Grand Prix wins and 8 World Championships". Accessed and added 29 September 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phil Read.|
- Phil Read official web site
- MotoGP Legends at MotoGP.com
- Phil Read career statistics at MotoGP.com
- Phil Read at iomtt.com
| 500cc Motorcycle World Champion
| TT Formula One World Champion