Pietro Annigoni, Self portrait
7 June 1910|
28 October 1988 (aged 78)|
Accademia di Belle Arti|
|Known for||Fresco, oil painting, portrait painting, drawing, sculpture|
|Movement||Realism (visual arts)|
|Awards||Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI|
Pietro Annigoni (7 June 1910 – 28 October 1988) was an Italian portrait and fresco painter, best known for his portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. His work was in the Renaissance tradition, contrasting with the modernist style that prevailed in his time.
In 1927, he was admitted to the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence, where he attended the courses given by Felice Carena in painting, Giuseppe Graziosi in sculpture, and Celestino Celestini in etching. Annigoni enrolled in the nude class run by the Florentine Circolo degli Artisti, while attending the open class in the same subject at the Academy.
Annigoni exhibited his work for the first time in Florence in 1930 with a group of painters. He had his first individual exhibition two years later, in 1932 at the Bellini Gallery in the Palazzo Ferroni.
In 1932, journalist Ugo Ojetti featured Annigoni in the Arts section of the Corriere della Sera. Also in 1932, he won the Trentacoste prize.
Annigoni was married to Anna Giuseppa Maggini in 1937 until her death of illness in July 1969. They had two children, Benedetto (1939) and Maria Ricciarda. In 1976 he married Rosella Segreto, also a favorite model of the artist.
In May 1988, Annigoni had emergency surgery due to a perforated ulcer, and he did not recover fully from the ailment. He was rushed to the hospital in Florence on October 27, 1988, and died of kidney failure on October 28, 1988. He is buried in the Porte Sante (Holy Doors) cemetery at the Basilica di San Miniato al Monte, overlooking his beloved Florence.
Controversy in tradition
Between 1945 and 1950, Annigoni produced a succession of important and very successful works. In 1947, he signed the manifesto of Modern Realist Painters. In this manifesto the group, which consisted of seven painters, came out in open opposition to abstract art and the various movements that had sprung up in Italy in these years. It was an insignificant detail in the painter's life but it would become a key point of reference in literature about him. Among others who signed the petition were Gregory Sciltian, and brothers Antonio and Xavier Bueno.
In March 1949, the Committee of the Royal Academy in England accepted the works Annigoni offered for its annual exhibition. It was the artist's first experience with England and the beginning of a success which was to acquire worldwide dimensions.
Annigoni started showing his work internationally in the 1950s. In London, they were held at Wildenstein's (1950 and 1954), Agnew's (1952 and 1956), the Federation of British Artists (1961), the Upper Grosvenor Galleries (1966), and at many Royal Academy exhibitions. A special exhibition in Paris, France at the Galerie Beaux Arts was held in 1953. New York Wildenstein's showed Annigoni from 1957–58. By 1969, Annigoni's work was exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum in New York. Numerous Italian cities that showed Annigoni works during his life included Turin, Rome, Florence, Verona, Brescia, Montecatini Terme, Pisa, Bergamo, Rovereto and Milan.
His work bore the influence of Italian Renaissance portraiture, and was in contrast to the modernist and post-modernist artistic styles that dominated the middle- and late-twentieth century. Annigoni painted two portraits of Queen Elizabeth II, in 1955 and 1969. The earlier one was commissioned by the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers and is displayed at their livery hall, Fishmongers' Hall; the 1969 portrait was commissioned by the National Portrait Gallery and is on public display there. Following his portrait of the Queen, Annigoni became sought after and painted portraits of Pope John XXIII, US Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, the Shah and Empress of Iran, Princess Margaret and several other members of the British royal family.
Annigoni was chosen by TIME magazine to paint President John F. Kennedy for the (January 5) 1962 Person of the Year cover. The result was perhaps his least-liked portrait as Annigoni had no time or inclination to satisfy Time magazine. Other TIME magazine covers that featured portraits by Annigoni were the issues of October 5, 1962 (Pope John XXIII), November 1, 1963 (Ludwig Erhard), April 12, 1968 (Lyndon B. Johnson), and April 30 1965 (British Prime Minister Harold Wilson).
Other subjects around the world that Annigoni painted include HRH Prince Phillip and several other members of the House of Windsor as well as the shoemaker Salvatore Ferragamo, Florentine author Luigi Ugolini, ballet dancer Dame Margot Fonteyn, British actress Julie Andrews, Russian ballet star Rudolf Nureyev, and the Maharani Gayatri Devi of Jaipur. An outspoken artist, Annigoni wrote essays challenging modern art that disregarded the basic ability to draw. He alienated critics, who claimed his art was too representational, discounting the unique dramatic signature the artist brought to Renaissance tradition.
Annigoni was active painting church frescoes in and around Florence. During 1980–1985 (starting at the age of 70 years) at Monte Cassino monastery, he completed his largest fresco, the dome of the monastery.
In 1959, Annigoni was elected to the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Corresponding member.
On 14 November 1975 Annigoni was conferred the Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana (OMRI)
- Benedetta Bianchi Porro Foundation in Dovadola (Forlì), Italy
- Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City
- Indianapolis Museum of Art
- Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco
- Minneapolis Institute of Art
- Royal Collection of Windsor Castle
- National Portrait Gallery of London
- Vatican Museums in Rome, Italy
- Douglas Anderson
- Michael John Angel
- F. Bernardini
- Benjamin F. Long IV
- Antonio Ciccone
- Dawn Cookson
- Luciano Guarnieri
- Denis Ramsay
- Zsuzsi Robaz
- Romano Stefanelli
- Ponziano Togni
- Joseph Francis Vogelsang
- Timothy Whidborne
- Nelson Holbrook White
- "Pietro Annigoni, 78, Dies in Italy; Noted for Portrait of Elizabeth II". New York Times. 1988-10-30. Retrieved 2008-12-09.
- Annigoni: Italy's Most Misunderstood Artist 2009-26-11
- Pietro Annigoni Cronologia Archived 2010-03-06 at the Wayback Machine. Chronology Annigoni Works and Exhibitions
- Pietro Annigoni: Princess Margaret National portrait gallery
- "TIME magazine cover archive". Artcyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Pietro Annigoni, Italy's greatest misunderstood artist by Brenda Dionisi; (issue no. 99/2009 / April 9, 2009)
- Annigoni: The Basilica of St. Anthony Frescoes
- paknetmag (2010-10-30). "Centennial of the birth of Pietro Annigoni - new Italian stamp". Paknetmag.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Un francobollo per ricordare il pittore Annigoni Il Reporter, 22 October 2010; by Giulia Zocchi
- "Museo Pietro Annigoni". Museo Pietro Annigoni, Florence, Italy.
- "State museums of Florence: Annigoni". Polomuseale.firenze.it. 2011-09-22. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "IMA: Annigoni". Imamuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "UK government art collection". Gac.culture.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "National portrait gallery". Npg.org.uk. 1994-10-23. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Gibson, Wilfrid (1961). Paintings and Drawings by Pietro Annigoni and Some of His Past and Present Students - Exhibition catalogue 25th April to 3rd June 1961. Federation of British Artists.
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