Planet of Exile
|Author||Ursula K. Le Guin|
|Cover artist||Jerome Podwil|
|Media type||Print (hardback & paperback)|
|Preceded by||Rocannon's World (1966)|
|Followed by||City of Illusions (1967)|
Planet of Exile is a 1966 science fiction novel by American writer Ursula K. Le Guin, part of her Hainish Cycle. It was first published as an Ace Double following the tête-bêche format, bundled with Mankind Under the Leash by Thomas M. Disch. In 2017, the rights for a movie were acquired by Los Angeles Media Fund.
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The story is set on Werel, the third planet of the Gamma Draconis system. The planet has an orbital period of 60 Earth years, and is approaching its correspondingly long winter. The main characters belong to one of two major groups: Wold and his daughter Rolery are members of the Tevarans, a tribe of humanoid extraterrestrial indigenous to the planet. Jakob Agat is a young man from a dwindling colony of Earth humans that have been effectively marooned on the planet. Although both populations share a common genetic heritage in the Hainish people, the difference is significant enough to prevent interbreeding.
The relationship between the two groups has long been tense and characterized by limited interaction. However, with the approaching dangers of winter and marauders, the visit of curious young Rolery to the colony becomes a sign of coming changes.
- Alla Pasfal
- A member in the Council of the colonist city of Landin. She is a frail elder but wise and sharp-witted.
- The Gaal
- Nomadic native tribes who migrate south during the harsh Winter. They share a common language with the Tevarans.
- Jakob Agat Alterra
- The de facto leader of the Council in Landin. He is a middle-aged, wise man, who, like all colonists, has bluish-black skin.
- The protagonist of the story and a native of the planet. She has a precocious and independent spirit, and remains single, largely as a consequence of being born out of season. Like the natives of Tevar, she is light-skinned with golden eyes. She has the rare ability of mindspeech.
- Seiko Esmit
- The last member of a great family line who lives in Landin. She is a middle-aged, delicate and nervous woman.
- One of Wold's grandsons who happens to be older than Umaksuman. He ambushes Jakob Agat but is later killed in a duel with Umaksuman.
- One of Wold's spring-born sons who enjoys war and battle.
- An Alterran bone-setter who works alongside Rolery to tend to those injured in battle.
- Rolery's father. He is a wise, willful, and misogynistic tribal elder in the city of Tevar.
- Sheep-like animals that are domesticated to provide food and clothing for the Tevarans and the citizens of Landin.
- Tall, thin, white-furred creatures with long necks that sway from side-to-side. They possess short but powerful clawed forearms and large snapping mouths lined with sharp teeth. They are quick, deadly, and hunt in packs.
- Taloned, pure white birds with silver eyes and a wingspan larger than a man's height. Their appearance in a southward migration signals the coming of Winter.
Role in the Hainish Cycle
The peoples of the various worlds in Le Guin's space fiction are descendants of ancient settlements from Hain. For example, the Gethenians of The Left Hand of Darkness are believed to have been genetically engineered, as are several other peoples in the League of All Worlds. No such mention of genetic engineering of the Alterrans’ Hainish-derived predecessors is made in the story.
In City of Illusions the descendants of the mixed Terrans and Tevarians described in this story rescue Earth (Terra) from alien conquerors who have the unexpected ability to mind-lie – which they used to telepathically conquer planets in the League of All Worlds, so this story is the backstory to City of Illusions. The reunification of the League as the Ecumen is mentioned in The Left Hand of Darkness, but no story so-far published has given any details of the climax of the conflict.
A different planet, also called "Werel" in Four Ways to Forgiveness, is a completely different world from the planet of the Alterrans described in this story. The common word for "world" in the languages of both planets is werel, hence their common names just mean "The World".
Literary significance and criticism
One science fiction scholar points out that Planet of Exile, along with Rocannon's World and City of Illusions exhibits Le Guin's struggle as an emerging writer to arrive at a plausible, uniquely memorable and straightforward locale for her stories.
Planet of Exile was initially published with no introduction, but Le Guin wrote an introduction for Harper & Row's 1978 hardcover edition. Planet of Exile was also reissued in 1978 along with Rocannon's World and City of Illusions in a volume called Three Hainish Novels and in 1996 with the same novels in a volume called Worlds of Exile and Illusion.
- Russian: "Планета изгнания" ("Planet of Exile"), 1980, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2006
- Serbian: Planeta izgnanstva, published by Narodna knjiga/Partizanska knjiga Beograd, 1987
- Italian: Il Pianeta dell'esilio
- German: Das zehnte Jahr ("The Tenth Year"), German by Birgit Reß-Bohusch, no obvious translation problems in my source: Hainish, Heyne 06/7035, ISBN 3-453-21347-5 [Überarbeitete Neuausgabe 2002, incl. Rocannon, Exile, Illusions]
- Finnish: Maanpakolaisten planeetta, translated by Jyrki Iivonen, published by Avain, 2011.
- Estonian: Rocannoni maailm/Pagenduse planeet, translated by Kaaren Kaer, Krista Kaer, published by Varrak, 2002, ISBN 9985305248.
- Dutch: Ballingsplaneet, translated by T. Vos-Dahmen von Buchholz, published by Het Spectrum, 1973.
- ‘Planet Of Exile’ Movie Rights Acquired By Los Angeles Media Fund & Producer Mark Johnson
- Sawyer, Andy The Mythic Fantasy of Robert Holdstock: Critical Essays on the Fiction, eds. Morse, Donald E. & Matolcsy, Kalman (London: McFarland & Company, Inc. 2011), page 77.
- Bernardo & Murphy 2006, p. 18.
- Bernardo, Susan M.; Murphy, Graham J. (2006). Ursula K. Le Guin: A Critical Companion (1st ed.). Westport: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-33225-8.
- Bloom, Harold, ed. (1986). Ursula K. Le Guin (1st ed.). New York: Chelsea House. ISBN 0-87754-659-2.
- Cadden, Mike (2005). Ursula K. Le Guin Beyond Genre: Fiction for Children and Adults (1st ed.). New York City: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-99527-2.
- Le Guin, Ursula K. (May 1992). The Language of the Night (revised ed.). HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-016835-3.
- Le Guin, Ursula K. (1978). Three Hainish Novels (1st ed.). New York: Nelson Doubleday.
- Le Guin, Ursula K. (1996). Worlds of Exile and Illusion (1st ed.). New York: Orb. ISBN 978-0-312-86211-4.
- Morse, Donald E.; Matolcsy, Kalman (2011). The Mythic Fantasy of Robert Holdstock: Critical Essays on the Fiction (1st ed.). London: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-4942-2.
- Spivack, Charlotte (1984). Ursula K. Le Guin (1st ed.). Boston: Twayne Publishers. ISBN 0-8057-7393-2.