Coordinates: 49°03′34″N 20°17′51″E / 49.05944°N 20.29750°E / 49.05944; 20.29750
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From the top, Central Poprad, Renaissance bell tower, Tatra Gallery
Central Poprad
Flag of Poprad
Coat of arms of Poprad
Poprad is located in Prešov Region
Location in Slovakia
Poprad is located in Slovakia
Poprad (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 49°03′34″N 20°17′51″E / 49.05944°N 20.29750°E / 49.05944; 20.29750
Country Slovakia
First mentioned1250
 • MayorAnton Danko
 • Total63.09 km2 (24.36 sq mi)
684[2] m (2,244[2] ft)
 • Total49,091
 • Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
058 01[2]
Area code+421 52[2]
Car platePP
View of the High Tatras from Poprad

Poprad (Slovak: [ˈpɔprat] ; Hungarian: Poprád; German: Deutschendorf) is a city in northern Slovakia at the foot of the High Tatra Mountains, famous for its picturesque historic centre and as a holiday resort. It is the biggest town of the Spiš region and the tenth largest city in Slovakia, with a population of approximately 50,000.

The Poprad-Tatry Airport is an international airport located just outside the city. Poprad is also the starting point of the Tatra Electric Railway (known in Slovak as Tatranská elektrická železnica), a set of special narrow-gauge trains (trams) connecting the resorts in the High Tatras with each other and with Poprad. Main line trains link Poprad to other destinations in Slovakia and beyond; in particular, there are through trains running from Poprad to Prague in the Czech Republic.


Historical affiliations

Kingdom of Hungary 1256–1412
Kingdom of Poland 1412–1569
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1769
Austrian Empire Kingdom of Hungary 1769–1867
 Austria-Hungary 1867–1918
 Czechoslovakia 1918–1939
Slovak Republic 1939–1945
 Czechoslovakia 1945–1990
Czechoslovakia Czech and Slovak Federative Republic 1990–1992
 Slovak Republic 1993–present

The territory was since the Migration Period inhabited by Slavic settlers. The first written record dates from March 16, 1256 in the deed of donation of the Hungarian King Bela IV. After the Mongol invasions in the 13th century it was colonized by German settlers and became the largely German town Deutschendorf meaning 'Germans' village'. From 1412 to 1770, as one of the Spis towns, Poprad was pawned by the Kingdom of Hungary to the Kingdom of Poland, resulting in a strong Polish influence on the city's further development. In the 17th century, the number of Germans began to decline. Since 1918 this territory was placed under the control of Czechoslovakia.

Poprad itself was for 690 years (up until 1946) just one of several neighbouring settlements, which currently make up the modern city. The other parts of the current municipality are Matejovce (German: Matzdorf; Hungarian: Mateóc, first reference 1251), Spišská Sobota (German: Georgenberg; Hungarian: Szepesszombat, 1256), Veľká (German/Hungarian: Felka, 1268), and Stráže pod Tatrami (German: Michelsdorf; Hungarian: Strázsa, 1276). The most significant of these original towns was Georgenberg, now Spišská Sobota, which preserved its dominant position in the area until the late 19th century.

Poprad gained importance at the expense of Spišská Sobota after the construction of the Košice–Bohumín Railway in 1871. In the following years, further railway lines were built: Poprad - Kežmarok in 1892 and Tatra Electric Railway in 1908.

In 1942, during World War II, most of the transports of Jews to ghettos and concentration camps in German-occupied Poland were sent from the Poprad railway station. The first transport of about 1,000 Jewish girls and young women left Poprad on March 25, 1942 for Auschwitz-Birkenau. By the end of 1942, when the deportations stopped, over 58,000 Jews had been deported from Slovakia to German-occupied Poland via Poprad.[4]

Poprad was liberated on January 28, 1945 by troops of the Soviet 18th Army. The German population was expelled afterwards.

After the war, the neighbouring settlements were incorporated into Poprad: Spišská Sobota and Veľká in 1945, Stráže pod Tatry in 1960 and Matejovce in 1974. At that time, with the development of winter sports, Poprad became the starting point for expeditions to the High Tatras.

In 1999, Poprad put in a bid to host the 2006 Winter Olympics, but lost to Turin, Italy.


Poprad lies at an altitude of 672 metres (2,205 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 63 square kilometres (24.3 sq mi).[5] It is located in northeastern Slovakia, about 110 kilometres (68 mi) from Košice and 330 kilometres (205 mi) from Bratislava (by road).

Poprad is situated on the Poprad River in the Sub-Tatra Basin, and is a gateway to the High Tatras. Mountain ranges around the city include the Levoča Hills in the east, Kozie chrbty in the south, and the Low Tatras in the southwest. The drainage divide between the Black Sea and Baltic Sea lies a bit to the west, near the village of Štrba.


Poprad lies in the north temperate zone and has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Poprad (1991–2020, extremes 1926–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.3
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 0.5
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.7
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −8.0
Record low °C (°F) −29.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.0
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.2 6.6 6.8 7.6 10.4 10.5 11.3 8.6 7.7 7.1 6.8 6.3 95.9
Average snowy days 16.5 14.8 12.8 4.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 8.3 14.5 74.4
Average relative humidity (%) 80.7 76.8 70.9 67.4 69.8 72.0 72.0 73.2 76.7 79.5 82.4 84.4 75.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.6 107.9 160.7 189.8 223.3 227.1 237.7 239.5 178.2 142.7 87.5 68.7 1,949.7
Source 1: NOAA[6][7]
Source 2: SHMI (extremes, 1926–present)[8]


Poprad has a population of 55,158 (as of December 31, 2005). According to the 2001 census, 94.1% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 2.1% Romani, 1% Czechs, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.2% Germans, 0.1% Rusyns, 0.1% Ukrainians, and 0.1% Poles.[5]


The oldest churches here are the Roman Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (lutherans). It also operates here: the Greek Catholic Church and Orthodox Church, Baptists, the Apostolic Church, Seventh-day Adventists, the Pentecostal Charismatic Church, and Jehovah's Witnesses.


  • Concathedral of Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)
  • Church of st. Egidius (Roman Catholic)
  • Church of st. Cyril and Methodius (Roman Catholic)
  • Church of Holy Trinity (Lutheran)
  • Pentecostal Church
  • Church of st. Peter and Paul (Greek Catholic)
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witness
  • Church of Holy Cross (Orthodox)


  • Church of st. John (Roman Catholic - Salesians)
  • Church of Holy Trinity (Lutheran)
  • Baptist church
  • Church of Seventh-day Adventists

Spišská Sobota

  • Church of st. George (Roman Catholic)
  • Lutheran church


  • Church of st. Stephen (Roman Catholic)
  • Lutheran church

Stráže pod Tatrami

  • Church of st. John (Roman Catholic)
  • Lutheran church


  • Church of st. Helen (Roman Catholic)


The historical centre is concentrated around the St. Egidius square (Námestie svätého Egídia), which is rimmed with houses predominantly from the 18th and 19th centuries. Churches in the city include the early-Gothic Catholic Church of St. Egidius from the late 13th century and the classicist Luheran Church of Holy Trinity from the 19th century.

Another historical area in Poprad is in Spišská Sobota, which was declared in 1953 to be a Town Monument Reserve. A significant landmark there is the Church of St. George, with five late-Gothic side altars and a main altar from the workshop of Master Paul of Levoča.

Modern places of interest include the modernist Poprad-Tatry railway station and a new water park called AquaCity Poprad.


Between 2003 and 2014, the mayor of Poprad was Anton Danko (former international ice-hockey referee). In the November 2014 municipal elections, he lost to Jozef Švagerko (KDH – Christian democrats).

Territorial division[edit]

The city is divided into six boroughs for the purpose of municipal administrative division:

  1. Staré Mesto ["Old Town"]
  2. Spišská Sobota
  3. Stráže
  4. Veľká
  5. Matejovce
  6. Kvetnica


Arena of the ice hockey club HK Poprad

Poprad currently has one ice hockey club, HK Poprad who play at the Poprad Ice Stadium.

Lev Poprad was another ice hockey club in Poprad, who used to play in the KHL for one season but was moved to the Czech capital, Prague, in 2012. Despite successful 2013/2014 seasons, club has ended due to financial problems. There is a number of former and current ice hockey players in NHL who were born in Poprad.[9]

The city also hosted the 1994 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships, 1999 European Youth Olympic Winter Days, 2017 IIHF World U18 Championships and 1999 Winter Universiade. Every year the ice hockey Tatra Cup is held. There was also an unsuccessful bid to host the 2006 Winter Olympics.

There are many football stadiums in Poprad, however the main one is NTC Poprad, home of FK Poprad founded in 1906 and the Slovakia national youth teams.

The local women's basketball club is Basketbalová Akadémia Mládeže Poprad (BAMP). Their matches are played in Aréna Poprad. The arena also was one of the venues at the 2017 editions of the FIVB Volleyball World League.


The city's system of primary education consists of 12 public schools, and one religious primary school, enrolling in total 5,464 pupils.[10] Secondary education is represented by four grammar schools with 1,800 students,[11] three specialized high schools with 1,566 students,[12] and four vocational schools with 2,045 students (data as of 2007).[13]


Aerial view of the city with the airport

Poprad is a gateway to the High Tatra mountain range, which is a popular tourist destination. The city lies on the main road (E 50) and railway connecting western and eastern Slovakia.

Poprad-Tatry railway station links Poprad with other major destinations on Slovakia's standard gauge rail network, and with the mountains via the metre gauge Tatra Electric Railway. The direct trains SuperCity Pendolino connects Poprad with Prague.

International Poprad–Tatry Airport from 1938, is an airport with the highest elevation in Central Europe. It also offers scheduled flights to London.[14]

Bus transport[edit]

Lines: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Rail transport[edit]

Lines: 183, 185


Memorial plaque of Jan Brokoff in Spišská Sobota

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Poprad is twinned with:[15]


  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic (www.statistics.sk). "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce". www.statistics.sk. Retrieved February 8, 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d "Základná charakteristika". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. April 17, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  3. ^ Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic (www.statistics.sk). "Počet obyvateľov podľa pohlavia - obce (ročne)". www.statistics.sk. Retrieved February 8, 2024.
  4. ^ "Memorial plaque for deported Jews at Poprad railway station". Holocaust Memorials: Monuments, Museums and Institutions in Commemoration of Nazi Victims. Berlin, Germany: Stiftung Topographie des Terrors. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on April 27, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  6. ^ "Poprad Climate Normals 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization Climatological Standard Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on August 20, 2023. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  7. ^ "Poprad Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  8. ^ "Poprad Tatry" (in Italian). Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute [sk]. Archived from the original on August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2023.
  9. ^ LegendsofHockey.net. "NHL Legends of Hockey". Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  10. ^ "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  11. ^ "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  12. ^ "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  13. ^ "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  14. ^ "Lietať z Popradu do Londýna sa bude už za 30 eur". July 28, 2014.
  15. ^ "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Poprad. Retrieved September 2, 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Poprad at Wikimedia Commons

Photos and videos[edit]