Pori Brigade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Porin Prikaati
PorPr-lippu.jpg
The colour of the Brigade has different emblems on its sides. On the one side, coat-of-arms of Southwest Finland, on the other, the coat-of-arms of Satakunta is featured. The main colour scheme follows the colours of Satakunta.
Active 16 February 1626–1809: Björneborgs Regemente (Pori Regiment) Swedish Army
1881–1901: Suomen 2. tarkk'ampujapataljoona (2nd Sharpshooter Battalion of Finland)
1918–1939: Porin rykmentti (Pori Regiment)
1939-1940: I/1. Pr (1st Battalkion of the 1st Brigade)[1][2]
1946–1957: Jalkaväkirykmentti 6 (Infantry Regiment 6)
1957–: Porin Prikaati (Pori Brigade)[3]
Country  Finland
Branch Finnish Army seal Finnish Army
Type Combined arms
Role Finnish Army Readiness Brigade
International operations of Finnish Army
Motto(s) Kunnia, velvollisuus, tahto
(Honor, duty, will)
March Uudenmaan Tarkk'ampujapataljoonan kunniamarssi
Mascot(s) Crowned bear wielding a sword
Equipment Sisu Pasi
Sisu E11
RK 95 TP, MRLS, 155K98
Decorations Ribbon of Order of the Cross of Liberty as a streamer, with text "Satakunta, Pori".[4]
Battle honours Battle of Lützen, 30 years war; Battle of Narva, Battle of Poltava, Great Northern War; Finnish War; Satakunta front, Finnish Civil War; Summa, Winter War; Karelian Isthmus 1944, Continuation War, inter alia[4][5]
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Arto-Pekka Nurminen

The Pori Brigade (Finnish: Porin Prikaati), based in Huovinrinne, Säkylä, is a Finnish Army unit, directly under the Army headquarters. It comprises six battalion-level units and also trains soldiers for the Finnish Rapid Deployment Force.

History[5][edit]

Pori Brigade traditions date back to the 17th century. On 16 February 1626, King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden founded the Royal Pori Regiment during the Thirty Years' War. The regiment served in most wars of the great power era of Sweden, and was destroyed and reformed several times during the Great Northern War.

The regiment fought first as a part of the 1st Brigade and later as a part of the 2nd Brigade during the Finnish War and was effectively destroyed during the winter 1809 as a result of casualties, disease and hunger. The remainder of the unit was disbanded when the Swedish army of Finland surrendered at Kalix River[6]However, in 1855, when the conscription based on Swedish-era allotment system was reintroduced, also the allotments of Pori Regiment founded a conscripted sharpshooter battalion which was disbanded with other allotment system battalions in 1868. The introduction of conscription in 1878 lead to the founding of the 2nd Finnish Sharpshooter Battalion, which is included in the lineage of the brigade. The battalion, which never saw combat, was disbanded in 1901 as a part of the russification measures of the Russian Imperial Government.

During the Finnish Civil War in 1918, Pori Regiment fought on the South-western front and was garrisoned in Turku after the war.

Its men took successfully part in the Winter War and the Continuation War while serving in a number of regiments. The Infantry Regiment 6 became the peace-time unit garrisoned in Turku after the general demobilisation following the Continuation War. As the Finnish Army units were given provincial names in 1957, the unit received its present name, Pori Brigade.

As the city of Turku grew, the garrison became an impractical location for an infantry-training unit. Thus, the Brigade was moved to a new garrison in Säkylä, with 4,000 hectares of land for exercise and firing range purposes.

The brigade was greatly enlarged by the merger of Artillery Brigade into Pori Brigade in 2015. Now, the unit has two main exercise areas: Huovinrinne at Säkylä and Pohjankangas-Hämeenkangas (10,500 ha of live-fire area, 5,000 ha of exercise area)[7] in Niinisalo.

Organization[edit]

This chapter is based on [8] and its subpages which contain the official public description of the Brigade's organisation. The Brigade operates in the Huovinrinne garrison in Säkylä and Niinisalo garrison in Kankaanpää

  • Brigade Headquarters in Säkylä, with two regional offices responsible for conscription and local defence
  • Satakunta Jäger Battalion (SatJP) in Säkylä
    • 1st Jaeger Company
    • 2nd Jaeger Company
    • Antitank Company
  • Satakunta Engineer and Singals Battalion in Säkylä
    • Signals Company
    • HQ Company
    • 1st Engineer Company
    • NBC Company
  • Satakunta Artillery Regiment at Niinisalo, formerly part of Artillery Brigade
    • 1st Artillery Battery
    • 2nd Artillery Battery
    • Multiple Rocket Launcher System Battery
    • Mortar Company
  • Ostrobothnia Jaeger Battalion at Niinisalo
    • 3rd Jaeger Company
    • Reconnaissance Company
    • UAV Reconnaissance Battery
    • Detachment for Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Targeting Support
  • Finland Proper Logistics Battalion
    • Headquarters
    • Logistics Company at Säkylä
    • Logistics and Transport Battery at Niinisalo
    • Niinisalo Small Animals Clinic
    • Other logistics establishments
  • Crisis Management Center
    • Training Company

The Satakunta Jäger Battalion trains Jäger, or mechanized infantry companies, primarily equipped with Pasi (XA-185, -202 and -203 variants) and AMV armored personnel carriers. It also trains anti-tank troops and company-level specialists, like combat medics.

Satakunta Engineer and Signals Battalion consists of four companies. The 1st Engineer Company produces wartime engineer troops, some of which are assigned to water-crossing units. Mechanics are trained during the summer season to maintain and repair outboard motors. Some of the engineers are trained to operate landing craft or to handle pontoon and crossing equipment. Engineers construct and dismantle mobile bridges, build bridges and other structures and perform blasting and ground-breaking operations. NBC Company has the national responsibility of training CBRN protection troops for the Finnish Army, Navy and Air Force, giving supplementary training for career personnel and conducting R&D. The HQ and Signals companies train signals and headquarters troops and military police troops.

Satakunta Artillery Regiment in Niinisalo trains artillery troops, with training for all artillery duties, including weather and geodetic services. The training equipment includes the artillery pieces, mortars and MLRS systems in Finnish service, of which the 155K98 cannon, AMOS mortar system and MRLS.

Ostrobothnia Jaeger Battalion in Niinisalo trains infantry companies, reconnaissance troops and artillery forwards observers.

The Finland Proper Logistics Battalion includes the logistics establishments in Säkylä and Niinisalo. The conscript units train logistcs units and military drivers for crisis time needs. The Niinisalo small animals clinic has the national responsibility for the veterinary service of Finnish Defence Forces service dogs.

The Crisis Management Centre is responsible for training and deploying all Finnish Army units in international duties. When a new operation is established, the Centre founds the Finnish contingent and trains it for the operation. For existing operations, the Centre trains the new personnel rotations and takes care of the domestic human resources management. When the Finnish Army has a standing active EU Battlegroup contingent, the Centre is responsible for it.

Pori Brigade regularly attracts foreign officials and officers for demonstrations, and has a long history of joint training with NATO and other forces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The lineages of most Finnish regiments and brigades during the war are rather badly defined, as the peace-time units were formally disbanded at the beginning of the Winter War and the tables of orders were changed multiple times. Usually, brigade lineages include the Winter War units which were formed of the units of the pre-war regiment of the same name, and Continuation War units which formed the post-war regiment of that name.
  2. ^ Porin Prikaatin historia ja perinteet. Porin Prikaatin kilta ry. Retrieved 2015-06-19. (Finnish)
  3. ^ Porin Prikaati. Municipality of Säkylä. Retrieved 2-21-2008. (Finnish)
  4. ^ a b Historia ja perinteet. Finnish Defence Forces. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2015-06-19. (Finnish)
  5. ^ a b Porin Prikaatin historia ja perinteet. Porin Prikaatin kilta ry. Retrieved 2015-06-19. (Finnish)
  6. ^ Lappalainen, T.; Endén, R; Wolke, L.E; Pylkkänen, A. (2008) Suomen sodan historia. Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seuran toimituksia 1200. ISBN 978-952-222-018-9. Pp. 41, 256-258, 276. (Finnish)
  7. ^ Porin Prikaatin harjoitusalueet Pohjois-Satakunnassa. Finnish Defence Forces. 2015-05-07. Retrieved in 2015-06-19. (Finnish)
  8. ^ Porin Prikaati 2015. Finnish Defence Forces. 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-06-19. (Finnish)

External links[edit]