Ostrobothnia (region)

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Österbottens landskap
Pohjanmaan maakunta
Flag of Ostrobothnia
Coat of arms of Ostrobothnia
Coat of arms
Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
Country Finland
Historical province Ostrobothnia
Seat Vaasa
 • Total 7,932.36 km2 (3,062.70 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 180,384
 • Density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code FI-12
NUTS 195
Regional bird Common swift (Apus apus)
Regional fish Common whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)
Regional flower European meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)
Website osterbotten.fi

Ostrobothnia (Swedish: Österbotten; Finnish: Pohjanmaa) is a region of Finland. It is located in Western Finland. It borders the regions Central Ostrobothnia, Southern Ostrobothnia, and Satakunta and is one of the four modern regions making up the historical province of Ostrobothnia.

Ostrobothnia is one of the two Finnish regions with a Swedish-speaking majority (the other being the constitutionally monolingual province of Åland); Swedish-speakers make up 51.2%.[1] The region contains both bilingual municipalities and ones that are exclusively Finnish-speaking.

Geographically, Ostrobothnia has little topographical relief, because it is mostly former seafloor brought to surface by post-glacial rebound and the accumulation of alluvial sediment. Ostrobothnia has both vast expanses of cultivated fields (lakeus) as in Southern Ostrobothnia, and the archipelago of Kvarken (Finnish: Merenkurkku). Glacial transport has deposited large quantities of glacial erratics (rocks) in the area.[2] Like elsewhere in Pohjanmaa, rivers are a prominent part of the landscape. The major rivers that discharge into the Gulf of Bothnia in Ostrobothnia are Kyrönjoki, Lapuanjoki and Ähtävänjoki.

The regional tree is the black alder (Alnus glutinosa), the regional mammal is the common elk (Alces alces alces), the regional stone is the Vaasa granite and the regional song is "The march of Vaasa" (Swedish: Vasamarschen, Finnish: Vaasan marssi).

In local circles or communities, Ostrobothnia is often referred to as "Pampas" and a person from Ostrobothnia is called a "Pampees".[3] The word derives from the similarities in the flat landscape with the Pampas area in South America.


The region of Ostrobothnia is made up of 15 municipalities, of which six have city status (marked in bold), and the links are only in the majority language names.

Name in
Name in
Population[4] Swedish
Isokyrö Storkyro 4,693 0.6% 98.9% Kyrönmaa
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 19,394 56.4% 40.2% Jakobstad
Kaskinen Kaskö 1,276 28.1% 68.1% Sydösterbotten
Mustasaari Korsholm 19,449 70.2% 28.7% Vaasa
Korsnäs Korsnäs 2,165 91.2% 3.2% Vaasa
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 6,671 56.6% 42.2% Sydösterbotten
Kruunupyy Kronoby 6,578 83.3% 15.6% Jakobstad
Laihia Laihela 8,098 1% 98.3% Kyrönmaa
Luoto Larsmo 5,226 92.5% 6.5% Jakobstad
Maalahti Malax 5,532 88.2% 9.1% Vaasa
Närpiö Närpes 9,502 88.4% 5.8% Sydösterbotten
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 7,497 89.3% 8.1% Jakobstad
Pedersöre Pedersöre 11,108 90.1% 9% Jakobstad
Vaasa Vasa 66,876 24.8% 69.8% Vaasa
Vöyri Vörå 6,617 84.6% 13.6% Vaasa

Former municipalities:

  • The current Vörå is the result of consolidation of Maxmo (Finnish: Maksamaa) and Oravais (Finnish: Oravainen).
  • Nykarleby (Finnish: Uusikaarlepyy) has been merged with Jeppo (Finnish: Jepua).
  • Korsholm (Finnish: Mustasaari) has been consolidated from the five municipalities of Korsholm, Solf, Replot, Björköby and Kvevlax.
  • Pedersöre has the former Finnish name Pietarsaaren maalaiskunta (see maalaiskunta).



The sprouting wheatsheaf is a symbol of the Royal House of Vasa; a Vasa king established the city of Vaasa, the capital of the region. The running stoats are a symbol of Ostrobothnia.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Väestö iän ja sukupuolen mukaan alueittain[permanent dead link] 31.12.2008. Tilastokeskus: demography.
  2. ^ "Aika, kallioperä ja jääkaudet » Merenkurkun saaristo". www.merenkurkku.fi. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Söderlund, Niklas Wahrman, Mats. "Pampees - Urbaani Sanakirja". urbaanisanakirja.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ostrobothnia at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 63°N 22°E / 63°N 22°E / 63; 22