|Location||South Western Tasmania|
|Etymology||Thomas Davey, a former Governor of Tasmania|
|River sources||Davey River|
|Ocean/sea sources||Southern Ocean|
Port Davey was named in honour of Thomas Davey, a former Governor of Tasmania. Port Davey is contained within the Port Davey/Bathurst Harbour Marine Nature Reserve, the Melaleuca to Birchs Inlet Important Bird Area and the Southwest National Park, part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area. The Toogee name of the port is Poynduc.
Location and features
Port Davey lies between the Southern Ocean and Bathurst Harbour, which is linked by the Bathurst Channel. The inlet leads north into Payne Bay, fed by the Davey River, with Payne Bay being defined by the features of Davey Head to the west, and Mount Berry to the east. The eastern aspect from Joe Page Bay to Bathurst Harbour is sheltered from the Roaring Forties that buffet the south and west coasts of Tasmania by a narrow part of the inlet that effectively makes the land to the south a peninsula. The north–south ranges on the peninsula's South West Cape Range and Melaleuca Range lie to the west of the Southwest Conservation Area which is a section of land excluded from the South West National Park that exists between Melaleuca Inlet on the south side of Bathurst Harbour and Cox Bight on the south coast.
Port Davey is not populated, but for many years Deny King and family resided at Melaleuca, engaged in alluvial tin mining. Since the death of Deny King in 1991, the family retain a leasehold within the national park and are actively involved in conservation programs but are not permanently resident.
The French navigator Marion du Fresne was the first European to record the inlet now called Port Davey, in March 1772. On 13 December 1798, when Flinders was off the West Coast, he mentioned Marion's small chart of the area, and tried to take the Norfolk in closer to investigate the opening marked on Marion's chart. That opening was clearly marked on Flinders' first map of "Van Diemen's Land" Published in 1800. James Kelly has always been seen as the first to discover Port Davey; however, Kelly would have seen Flinders' maps and may have had them with him.
In the 1800s, a small piners settlement and boatyard was located on Payne Bay on Port Davey's north. The settlement remained until the 1900s when the Huon Pine trade ceased. Another temporary settlement was located at Bramble Cove behind the Breaksea Islands to serve the whaling industry in the early 1800s. Whaling ships would enter Port Davey for wood, water and vegetables and to try-out captured whales in sheltered waters. There is also evidence shore-based whaling took place at Bramble Cove in the middle of the 19th century. Nothing remains of the site except for a few huon pine headstones from an old cemetery.
The Bathurst Harbour/Port Davey area was marked on early 1800s maps as being the site for a settlement named Bathurst. The exact location of the proposed settlement varied depending on the map. Locations included Bramble Cove, Joe Page Bay below Mount Mackenzie and the Rowitta Plains. By the Victorian era, cartographers discontinued marking the settlement along with others such as Montgomery south of the Spero River, Cracroft on the Arthur Plains and Huntley in the Upper Florentine Forests west of Mount Field National Park.
In the late 1930s, the British Zionist League considered a number of other places where a Jewish homeland could be established. The Kimberley region in Australia was considered until the Curtin government (in office: 1941–1945) rejected the possibility. Later and with the support of the then Premier of Tasmania, Robert Cosgrove (in office from 1939), Critchley Parker proposed a Jewish settlement at Port Davey, in south west Tasmania. Parker surveyed the area, but his death in 1942 put an end to the idea. See Other Possibilities for A Homeland For the Jewish People
Catalina flying boat PBY 5, serial number 292, VH-BDP, owned by J Botherill & Fraser Melbourne Vic, flown by John Fraser (ex RAAF pilot) commenced operations to Tasmania to carry freshly caught seafood from fishing trawlers at Port Davey Tasmania to Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney, June 1947 until May 1948.
|Climate data for Melaleuca, Port Davey (6 m AMSL; BOM 1946-1999)|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.2
|Average low °C (°F)||9.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||135.2
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||17.1||14.1||17.3||20.4||21.9||20.4||22.2||23.0||21.4||22.2||19.6||18.2||237.8|
- "The romance of Australian place names". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 27 May 1964. p. 59. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Port Davey/Bathurst Harbour Marine Nature Reserve". Sea Fishing & Aquaculture: Area Restrictions: Marine Reserves. Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Tasmanian Government. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- "IBA: Melaleuca to Birchs Inlet". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Milligan, Joseph (1858). "On the dialects and languages of the Aboriginal Tribes of Tasmania, and on their manners and customs" (PDF). Papers of the Royal Society of Tasmania: 270.
- Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area (Map). 1:400 000. Australian Geographic. October–December 2003.
- King, Mary; King Fenton, Janet (14 October 2013). "Rainbow Country: South-West Tasmania as Inspiration for Shute's The Rainbow and the Rose". The Rainbow Connection. Nevil Shute Conference. Hobart, Tasmania: Neil Shute Foundation.
- Nash, Michael (2003). The Bay Whalers; Tasmania’s shore-based whaling ndustry. Navarine. pp. 159–60. ISBN 0958656193.
- Report of the Solar Eclipse Expedition to Port Davey, Tasmania, May, 1910 by F. K. McClean and Others
- Lockyer, Sir Norman; Group, Nature Publishing; Gateway, UM-Medsearch (23 June 1910). "THE TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE OF May 9, 1910". Nature. 83 (2121): 494–495. doi:10.1038/083494a0.
- "Haven". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Duffy, Conor (18 January 2010). "The plan for a Jewish homeland in Tasmania". The 7.30 Report. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Gee, Helen; Fenton, Janet, eds. (1978). The South West Book: A Tasmanian Wilderness (1983 Sydney, NSW: Williams Collins Pty. Ltd. ed.). Hawthorn, Vic.: Australian Conservation Foundation. ISBN 0-85802-054-8.
- Kelly, James (1791-1859) (24 December 1920). First discovery of Port Davey and Macquarie Harbour. Royal Society of Tasmania: Papers and Proceedings, 1920 (Microfiche). Canberra: National Library of Australia, 2004. pp. 160–181.
- Bathurst Harbour – Old River catchment (Working paper). Sandy Bay, Tas: Steering Committee, South West Tasmania Resources Survey. 1981. ISBN 0-7246-1010-3.
- Southwest National Park: Marine Zones: Vicinity of Port Davey (Map). 1:250,000. Tasmanian Government. 12 May 2004.
- "Port Davey Marine Reserve: Commercial Visitor Guidelines". Department of Environment, Parks, Heritage and the Arts. Tasmanian Government.