Portrait of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
|Portrait of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
|Location||National Portrait Gallery, London|
Portrait of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge is the first official portrait of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, unveiled at the National Portrait Gallery, London on 11 January 2013. Paul Emsley was commissioned to paint the Duchess after being selected from a shortlist by Catherine herself. Catherine had announced the National Portrait Gallery as one of her official patronages in January 2012. Emsley took 15 weeks to complete the painting, which was presented to the trustees of the gallery in November 2012. The Duchess, contrary to considerable criticism in the art world, highly praised the portrait after viewing it initially in a private family gathering.
Portrait of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge is the first official portrait of the Duchess. Emsley, originally of South Africa and a 2007 recipient of the BP Portrait Award, had previously painted portraits of Nelson Mandela and Naipaul. In a video interview for The Daily Telegraph, Emsley suggested that beginning he was thrilled to receive the commission. "Slowly" he says he realized the importance of the project was, not just for himself, but for many others, making him slightly nervous. He was keen to capture Catherine's "charm, serenity and intelligence" and "sparkling green eyes". The Duchess sat for him twice—for a day's session in May at the artist's studio in Bradford-upon-Avon, and a brief session in June at Kensington Palace, where he did quick drawings and took more photographs—and he used photographs to assist him. He describes her during the process as "quite amenable". According to Emsley, Catherine had asked for herself to be painted naturally, as opposed to her official self." It shows Catherine wearing a bottle green pussy bow blouse, looking straight out from the picture, smirking, rather than grinning. The artist noted that, if too defined, smiling portraiture occasionally may "look like caricatures". Emsley darkened the eyes slightly to match her tunic; the background is also shaded in a similar hue of dark green. Emsley was also keen to draw attention to the rich texture of her hair. Talking to the BBC after criticism of his work, he noted that he didn't want to overwhelm her face. Emsley said, "I don't have lots of things in the background. I do like large faces, I find them strong and contemporary. I'm interested in the landscape of the face, the way in which light and shadow fall across the forms. That's really my subject matter. To have anything else in there is really just an interference." As Catherine's image "is so pervasive", he told the media he needed to go past the image on his mind.
The process took him 15 weeks with the portrait completed before November 2012, when it was presented to the trustees of the gallery. The portrait is on display on the wall of Room 37 on the ground floor of the National Portrait Gallery Contemporary Collections, next to a video of a sleeping David Beckham. It was donated to the gallery by Sir Hugh Legatt with support of The Art Fund, in memory of Sir Denis Mahon.
On the day of its unveiling, the painting received considerable press attention from photographers, cameramen, reporters, and art critics and lovers. The portrait divided critics, seen in a negative light by many. Michael Glover of The Independent described it as "catastrophic", and noted that it lacked context. When presented with Glover's comments on the BBC, the artist laughed them off, quipping "can he draw?" He noted that he believes in his work, and understands that there would be different points of view. Some critics[who?] believed that the shading below her eyes and her jawline aged her. Waldemar Januszczak of the Sunday Times described the portrait as "disappointing", saying that it was "pretty ordinary... He made her look older than she is and her eyes don't sparkle in the way that they do and there's something rather dour about the face." Robin Simon of the Daily Mail described it as "rotten" and said it is fortunate that Catherine looks nothing like it in real life. Charlotte Higgins, of The Guardian, compared the depiction of Kate to a character in the Twilight franchise, saying, "The first thing that strikes you about Middleton's visage as it looms from the sepulchral gloom of her first official portrait is the dead eyes: a vampiric, malevolent glare beneath heavy lids. Then there's the mouth: a tightly pursed, mean little lip-clench (she is, presumably, sucking in her fangs). And God knows what is going on with the washed-out cheeks: she appears to be nurturing a gobbet of gum in her lower right cheek. The hair is dull and lifeless; the glimpse of earring simply lifts her to the status of Sloaney, rather than merely proletarian, undead."
Scotsman arts editor Andrew Eaton-Lewis suggested that "there's something troubling about the fact that the case against this painting is essentially that it makes a pretty young woman look less pretty and less young." Eaton-Lewis commented that "a portrait which makes Middleton appear older, more distinguished, and more ordinary is judged to be unfit for purpose" was "depressing". Another art critic, Fisun Güner, a freelance visual arts writer, also criticised the painting, mentioning that the hair is painted in a spread out wavy cascade which starts to look like an advertisement for a shampoo. Fisun makes the observation that the blouse in the big-bow shape, which she is wearing covered up to the neck, makes her appear "stiff and rather straight-jacketed". However, Fisun believed the eyes look bright and lively and the jewellery, which she is shown wearing, stated to belong to her mother-in-law, are earrings made of sapphire and diamond, which bring out an animated look in the portrait.
Joseph McKenzie, an American Thomistic theologian specialising in aesthetics, said in Taki's Magazine that the portrait revealed not only Paul Emsley's systemic limitations, but the fundamental crisis of Modernism itself. McKenzie criticises "a false, modernist concept of realism" in art, saying, "Instead of a portrait, Emsley has produced an overblown mug shot." He compares Emsley to a "photocopier" while his brush becomes a "toner cartridge", as if to underline Emsley's lack of artistic imagination.
The Duchess, contrary to considerable criticism in the art world, highly praised the portrait, after viewing it initially in a private family gathering. She remarked, "I thought it was brilliant. It's just amazing. Absolutely brilliant". She particularly praised the nose and mouth. Richard Stone, the most prolific of Royal portrait painters, praised the painting in that it captured Catherine's true warmth, saying "I liked it, very much so. So often with official portraits they can be rather stiff and starchy, but this has a lovely informality about it, and a warmth to it. It was jolly brave of him to paint it well over lifesize, because that's extremely difficult. It's very challenging to do something larger than life, and he seems to have pulled it off very well." Royal Society of Portrait Painters president Alistair Adams suggested that there "are no airs and graces, there's no background context to allude to success or power – it's very much on a level of one to one with the viewer. It's quite natural, it's open, it's straightforward and very pure – it's immediate and not overly sentimental." Stephen Deuchar, director of The Art Fund, called it a "captivating contemporary image".
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- Higgins, Charlotte (11 January 2013). "Kate's portrait – straight from the Twilight franchise". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- Eaton-Lewis, Andrew (11 January 2013). "What is so wrong with Kate's portrait?". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- Güner, Fisun (12 January 2013). "Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, National Portrait Gallery". The Arts Desk. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- McKenzie, Joseph (16 January 2013). "A Royal Disaster on Canvas". Taki's Magazine. Retrieved 18 January 2013.