Lupton family

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Lupton crest from 1922: "Wolf's head and neck erased sable", as seen in arms granted to ancestor Roger Lupton

The Lupton family in Yorkshire achieved prominence in ecclesiastical and academic circles in England in the 16th century through the fame of Roger Lupton, provost of Eton College and chaplain to Henry VII and Henry VIII. By the Georgian era, the family was established as merchants and ministers in Leeds. Described in the city's archives as "landed gentry, a political and business dynasty",[1] they had become successful woollen cloth merchants and manufacturers who flourished during the Industrial Revolution and traded throughout northern Europe, the Americas and Australia.

Arnold Lupton MP and other members of the family contributed to the political life of the UK and to the civic life of Leeds well into the 20th century.[1] Several members were well acquainted with the British Royal Family[2][3] and were philanthropists. Some were Lord Mayors of Leeds and progressive in their views.[4] They were associated with the Church of England and the Unitarian church. The Lupton Residences of the University of Leeds are named after members of the family.

The Luptons are the ancestors of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge: her great-grandmother Olive Lupton married Richard Noel Middleton.[5]

Early Luptons of Yorkshire[edit]

Lupton is a placename surname connected with Lupton in Cumbria (formerly Westmoreland). Examples of the surname in Yorkshire are in 1297 in Subsidy Rolls (Robert Lupton), in the 1379 poll tax in Thornton in Lonsdale (Thomas de Lupton), in Pateley Bridge (Leonard Luptonn) in 1551 and (George Lupton) in 1553 and in 1599 in Keighley (Judithe Luptonne).[6] Father Robert Lupton was the Vicar of Skipton in 1430.[7]

Roger Lupton[edit]

Arms of Dr. Roger Lupton (d. 1540): "Argent, on a chevron sable between three wolf's heads and necks erased sable three lilies of the field on a chief gules a Tau cross between two escallops or". Arms granted by Henry VII[8]

Roger Lupton, Provost and benefactor of Eton College, was born in Sedbergh, Yorkshire, in 1456 and graduated from King's College, Cambridge in 1483. He does not appear to have been educated at Eton College, though a number of his Yorkshire relatives were Etonians, including Ralph Lupton, with whom Dr Lupton had much in common; both were natives of Sedbergh and studied at King's (Ralph was admitted to King's in 1506), and were later benefactors to the college. Another Yorkshire relative was Thomas Lupton of Nun Monkton, an Etonian, who was admitted to King's in 1517.[9][10] Roger Lupton was a Doctor of canon law and a Canon of Windsor. He was chaplain to Henry VIII at the time of his coronation in April 1509.[11] Lupton founded Sedbergh School as a chantry school while he was Provost of Eton. By 1528, land had been bought and the school built, probably on the site of the current Sedbergh School library, and the foundation deed was signed, binding Sedbergh to St John's College, Cambridge, at which Lupton had established a number of fellowships and scholarships. He was Provost of Eton College for 30 years, and the tower in the school yard is named after him. He died in 1540 and was buried in Lupton's Chapel – his own chantry at Eton.[12][13][14][15]

Luptons of Leeds[edit]

Seventeenth century[edit]

The earliest recorded member of the Leeds branch of the family is Thomas Lupton of Holbeck,[16] whose son Thomas (born 1628) was a scholar at Leeds Grammar School and was admitted as a sizar to St John's College, Cambridge in 1648. He became a minister.[17]

Clergy, farmers, clothiers and merchants[edit]

Francis and Esther Lupton married at Adel Church in 1688
Francis Lupton II (1731–1770) c. 1760s

Francis Lupton (1658–1717) married Esther Midgeley of Brearey, daughter of Ralph, a yeoman farmer.[18][19] They married at Adel Church, near Leeds in 1688.[20] Francis Lupton was appointed clerk at Leeds Parish Church on 31 August 1694. They had nine children.[4] Their son William I (1700–1771), a yeoman farmer and clothier with business connections in the Netherlands and Germany, lived in Whitkirk, Leeds.[21] He became Sir Henry Ibbetson's chief cloth-dresser. Master dressers were skilled artisans who finished the cloth and were the highest paid in the cloth industry. Appointed the sole executor of Ibbetson's partner John Koster, Lupton managed the company for Ibbetson during his last illness.[22] His three sons attended Leeds Grammar School. The eldest, Francis II (1731–1770), was sent to Lisbon to trade in English cloth and was caught up in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. He was described an "an eminent merchant at that place".[23] Charterhouse School registers record the marriage of Sarah, the only daughter of Francis Lupton of Lisbon in 1788.[24]

William's second son, William II (1732–1782) boarded at Sedbergh School and attended St John's College, Cambridge. He became an assistant master at Leeds Grammar School[25] and was ordained to pursue a ministry in the church at Headingley, near Leeds. His son, the Rev. John Lupton (died 1844), held an M.A. from Trinity College, Cambridge.[26][27][12] Arthur I (1748–1807), William's third son, was sent to Leopold Pfeil's school in Frankfurt when he was 15, to study High Dutch and French. In 1764, Wolfgang von Goethe, his contemporary at the school, wrote about his schoolmate.[4]

Arthur returned to England in 1766 before leaving for Lisbon. In 1768, he took on two partners and was joined by John Luccock, with whom he set up a subsidiary company, Lupton & Luccock, in Rio de Janeiro. William Lupton and Company was established in 1773, but traded in cloth before this date.[28] Lupton sat on the committee for the Leeds cloth halls, regulating their activities. In 1774 the leading merchants organised the construction of the 3rd White Cloth Hall. A trade directory of 1790 lists Lupton & Company as Merchants in the Leylands.

Arthur married Olive Rider, the only daughter of David Rider in 1773.[29] She brought a £5,000 dowry to the marriage.[21] Her father had substantial land holdings in Mabgate and the Leylands between North Street and Wade Lane. Arthur and his wife inherited a life interest in the land after Rider's death, after which the land passed to his grandsons.[29] William Lupton inherited 5/8ths of their grandfather's estate and Arthur 3/8ths, which they held as tenants in common but in 1811 they divided the property. William took "Town End" which included his father's dressing mill built in 1788, warehouses, the tenter garth stretching to Wade Lane and a substantial house.[30] Its insured assets included a warehouse, counting house, packing shop, machinery and tools for dressing cloth, a hot pressing shop and a steam engine.[31]

Next generation[edit]

William III (1777–1828) operated from the North Street property he inherited from his father, Arthur, a woollen mill and reservoir, a substantial house and outbuildings.[32][33] William who married Ann, the daughter of tobacconist John Darnton,[34] shared responsibility for the business with his brother, Arthur II (1782–1824). Trade was unpredictable; losses were made in 1806 but 1809 showed a recovery.[35] In 1819, William formed a partnership with his nephew David Rider but Rider's share of £1,000 made him very much the junior as Lupton's share was in excess of £38,000.[36] William Lupton became entangled with the estate of his wife's grandfather, Nathan Rider. Winding up Rider's assets while providing an income for his widow and children ultimately took 15 years.[37] John Luccock, their cousin, sought to expand the business in New Orleans in 1822 but was forced to give up a year later. The company's South American trade opened up again, albeit with difficulties in Peru.[30]

During the 1820s the business made little profit and Arthur Lupton, the "travelling" partner reportedly shot himself while suffering from a fever in Paris in 1824. He left a wife, also named Ann, to bring up four children alone.[30] William Lupton died in 1828 leaving a wife, ten children and extensive debts. He owed Becketts Bank more than £13,000 and more than £15,000 to his father-in-law.[38] The Lupton widows maintained their social status and living standards with their own personal estates and by developing their inherited urban landholdings.[37]

William's widow, Ann Lupton a woman of "considerable initiative and skill",[29] maintained the family business with her sons Darnton, Francis and Arthur. The sole executrix of her husband's will, she set about developing the land. She laid out Merrion Street with plots for terraced houses and Belgrave Street with larger plots and a garden square.[29] She retired to Gledhow Mount in the proto suburb of Potternewton in 1858 where she died aged 81 in 1865.[21]

Religion, politics and philanthropy[edit]

Originally Anglicans, by the early 19th century the Luptons were Dissenters, part of a close group of established merchant families who belonged to the Unitarian congregation of Mill Hill Chapel which included the Luptons, Oates, Bischoff and Stansfield families who were subsequently joined by new money, the Marshalls, the Kitsons and radicals such as Samuel Smiles.[39] Their denominational loyalty was mirrored by their political leanings; mostly, they were Whigs and later Liberals.[40]

They supported the New Subscription Library, set up in the early 19th century, with a "mildly whiggish character" as a counter to the Anglican, Tory tone of the Leeds Library.[41] and members of the family subscribed to the building fund of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, a learned society founded in 1819, which established Leeds City Museum.[42]

William's descendants[edit]

Headingley Castle, Arthur Lupton's home from 1866

Arthur Lupton[edit]

William III's children included Arthur (1809–1889) who lived at Newton Hall in Potternewton which he owned from the early 1840s.[43] He subdivided some of the estate with Newton Grove being established in the 1850s.[44] He married Jane Crawford on 25 April 1866 and moved to The Elms, which was given its original name, Headingley Castle.[45][46]

Darnton Lupton[edit]

Darnton Lupton, Knight of the Legion of Honour and Mayor of Leeds
Potternewton Hall c. 1860. Members of the Lupton family in the foreground

Darnton Lupton (1806–1873) lived at Potternewton Hall from the 1830s.[47] He was the Mayor of Leeds in 1844[48] and a magistrate.[49] He was a director of the Bank of Leeds, which became part of the Royal Bank of Scotland.[50] Darnton Lupton supported building the new Leeds Town Hall and as president of the Leeds Chamber of Commerce, was president of the Exhibition of Local Industry which was arranged in conjunction with its opening. He was a member of the welcoming party that greeted Queen Victoria and Prince Albert who opened the town hall on 7 September 1858. He was created a Knight (Chevalier) of the Legion of Honour by Napolean III for the Exhibit of Cloths in the Paris Exhibition of 1855.[51][52][53][54] Darnton became co-owner of the Newton Hall estate with his younger brother Francis when their brother Arthur sold it in 1870.[55][56][57]

Francis Lupton III[edit]

Francis W. Lupton, Esq.
Francis Lupton lived with his mother Ann at Newton Green Hall Estate prior to his marriage in 1847

Francis III (1813–1884) was educated at Leeds Grammar School.[58] He was 15 when his father died, but had already acquired an extensive knowledge of the cloth trade. He joined the board of the Bank of Leeds, became a magistrate of the West Riding of Yorkshire and overseer of the poor in the parish of Roundhay. He was chairman of the finance committee of the Yorkshire College of Science, created in 1874.

In 1847 he married Frances Greenhow, niece of writers and reformers Harriet and James Martineau. A lifelong Unitarian, she was the honorary secretary and "driving force" behind the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education from 1871 to 1885 and the Leeds representative of the Ladies' Educational Association for the North of England Council for Promoting the Higher Education of Women (NECPHEW). In 1875 she chaired a meeting of both organisations to form the committee that raised funds to start Leeds Girls' High School. She was the school council's vice-president until 1891.[59] Frances belonged to the Education for Girls Committee of the Royal Society of Arts.[60][61]

Francis and Frances Lupton lived at Potternewton Hall from 1847, acquiring the freehold in 1860. It was where his children were born. By 1870, Francis and his brother Darnton had acquired the adjacent Newton Hall estate from their brother Arthur. They developed their land to create the Newton Park Estate.[56][62][63] By the early 1860s, Francis and Frances had moved to Beechwood, a Georgian mansion and farming estate at Roundhay.[64][65] Their sons, Frank, Arthur, Charles, and Hugh held some of Leeds' most important public offices.[66] Arthur married Harriet Ashton and Charles married her sister Katharine. Their brother was Thomas Ashton, 1st Baron Ashton of Hyde.[4][67]

Joseph Lupton[edit]

Joseph Lupton, abolitionist

Born in Wakefield, William III's son Joseph (1816–1894), a committed Liberal was on the executive of the National Reform Union. He was a leading Unitarian, serving as president[68] and later vice-president[69] of Manchester New College, the training college for ministers, during the 1880s and 1890s, helping to plan and finance its move from London to Oxford. He was a passionate anti-slavery campaigner, joining with the minister of Mill Hill Chapel, Charles Wicksteed, in being ardent admirers of the campaigner William Lloyd Garrison,[70] an advocate of immediate abolition. Garrison was a guest at Lupton's home in July 1877.[71] Joseph Lupton supported the campaign for votes for women, sitting on the committee for the National Society for Women's Suffrage.[72] Joseph married Eliza Buckton (1818–1901) in 1842. Their son, Henry (1850–1932), a cloth merchant, married Clara Taylor (1860–1897). They had five surviving children.[4]

Late Victorians[edit]

Kate Lupton (Baroness von Schunck)[edit]

Kate Lupton, Baroness von Schunck

Darnton's only daughter, Kate (1833–1913) grew up at Potternewton Hall. She married Edward, Baron von Schunck in 1867 and they lived at Gledhow Wood.[73] She was a wealthy woman with an interest in the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education. An original member of the council, in 1908, she was on its management committee.[74] She and her aunt, Frances Lupton, were members of the committee that established Leeds Girls' High School. She also volunteered at the Leeds Ladies’ Association for the Care and Protection of Friendless Girls. She supported Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds Infirmary and the University of Leeds. Kate Schunck died aged 80 on 16 May 1913.[75][73][76]

Her daughter, Florence Schunck married Albert Kitson who, in 1911, inherited Gledhow Hall and his father's title. During the First World War Gledhow Hall was used as a VAD hospital where Kate's granddaughter Doris Kitson worked as a VAD nurse.[77][78]

Lord Airedale, Lady Airedale and Kate Schunck, were invited to the coronation of King George V in 1911.[78][79]

Francis Martineau Lupton[edit]

Francis Martineau Lupton
In 1921, Frank Lupton owned the family mills and textile manufacturing firm William Lupton and Co. Est. in 1773.[80]

Francis Martineau Lupton (1848–1921), known as Frank,[81] was Francis III's eldest son. He attended Leeds Grammar School and Trinity College, Cambridge where he read history before entering the family business. From 1870 to 1880, he was a member of the Leeds Rifles. From the 1880s, he and his fellow directors at Wm. Lupton & Co moved the textile business from being merchants to manufacturing in response to the restructuring of the economics of cloth making. They acquired other mills and power looms in Pudsey and converted their mills to be driven by electricity. They took advantage of new sources of wool from the Americas and Australia. Their textile mills had been established on Whitehall Road, Leeds.[4][82]

In 1880, Frank Lupton married Harriet Albina Davis (1850–1892), daughter of clergyman Thomas Davis.[83] She died in 1892, two weeks after the birth of their youngest son. They had two daughters and three sons. Frank Lupton lived with his family at Rockland, a stone house built for him on the Newton Park Estate much of which, upon the death of his mother in 1892, he had inherited with his three brothers.[84][85]

Frank Lupton devoted his life to the business and civic work. He was a Justice of the Peace for Leeds and the West Riding.[86] A Liberal, he broke from Gladstone over Home Rule and became a Liberal Unionist. In 1895, having been a councillor, he became an alderman on the City of Leeds Council.[87] Frank was an alderman until 1916, when his brother Charles was Lord Mayor of Leeds. Frank was interested in the welfare of the poor and, impressed by social reformer Octavia Hill worked to improve poor working class housing. From 1896, for ten years, he chaired the council's Unhealthy Areas Committee to address the legacy of slum housing. Led by Lupton, the committee cleared the York Street and Quarry Hill areas of almost 4,000 buildings and organised new housing. He opposed proposals to build tenements for rehousing triggering his resignation as chairman. Later he chaired the council's Improvement and Finance Committees.[81] Halfway through this period, he wrote the book, Housing Improvement: A Summary of Ten Years' Work in Leeds (1906). He was an active member of the West Riding bench and took great interest in Cookridge Hospital. During the Great War he served on the Pensions Committee. As a Unitarian, he took a large share of the work and activities of Mill Hill Chapel.[4]

Alderman Lupton was filmed inspecting the Leeds Pals at a camp near Colsterdale in 1915.[88] Frank Lupton's three sons boarded at Rugby School after which they attended Trinity College, Cambridge.[89][90] All three died in the Great War. Captain Maurice Lupton was killed in action by a sniper bullet in the trenches at Lille on 19 June 1915. Lieutenant Lionel Martineau Lupton was wounded, mentioned in dispatches twice and, after recovering, was killed in the Battle of the Somme in July 1916. Major Francis Ashford Lupton was reported missing at Miraumont on the night of 19 February 1917 when he went out with one man on reconnaissance and was later found dead. After their deaths Frank Lupton turned his family home, Rockland,[84] into an institution for the children of sailors and soldiers, and moved with his daughters to Roundhay. In April 1917, King George V commanded that a letter be written to Lupton in which the King recognised the exceptional loss of "your gallant" sons.[91]

A generous benefactor, Frank Lupton contributed to many causes and institutions, including the extension fund for Norwich's Octagon Chapel, of which his great grandfather, Thomas Martineau, had once been deacon and to the rebuilding in 1907 of Martineau Hall, the Sunday school his great uncle James Martineau had established.[92][84]

Arthur G. Lupton and his daughters[edit]

Arthur Greenhow Lupton (1850–1930) was Francis III's second son. Educated at Leeds Grammar School, he entered the family business at the age of 16. He was elected to the board of governors of Yorkshire College at 25 and, after his father's death, took over his position as chairperson of its Finance Committee. At 36, he was elected to the city council and in 1889 became its chairperson. Arthur negotiated the separation of Yorkshire College from the Victoria University. Leeds University received its royal charter in 1904, which named "Our trusty and well-beloved Arthur Greenhow Lupton, chairperson of the Council of the Yorkshire College" as its first Pro Chancellor. He hosted George V when the King visited the University on 27 September 1915.[93] He held the post for 16 years, then returned to the council, promoting co-operation between the university and industry, especially the Clothworkers Company.[4]

Recognising the need for large-scale electricity generation, he founded the Yorkshire Electric Power Company and Electrical Distribution of Yorkshire Ltd., and was its chairperson until nationalisation. He promoted the House to House Electricity Company, which was taken over by Leeds Corporation. With friends, he started the Wetherby Water Works, was concerned with the Yorkshire Waste Heat Company, a director of the North Eastern Railway and a West Riding magistrate.[4] During the Great War, he established a shell filling factory at Barnbow. In 1921, on the death of his brother, Frank, he took over responsibility for Wm. Lupton & Co.

Arthur married Harriet Ashton, with whom he had two daughters: Elinor Gertrude (1886–1979) and Elizabeth (Bessie, 1888–1977). His wife died shortly after giving birth to Bessie. Their second cousin, Beatrix Potter, sent them her own hand-drawn watercolour Christmas cards; examples from 1890 to 1895 have survived.[94][95] In 1908, Elinor was awarded an M.A. from Cambridge University.[96] Both Lupton sisters served as V.A.D. nurses in France during the Great War.[97][98] Their brother Arthur survived the war but a riding accident with the Bramham Moor Hunt in 1928 resulted in his death the following year.[64]

Elinor Lupton was awarded an honorary LLD in 1945 for services to Leeds University[99] after chairing the Women's Halls Committee for 23 years. The Lupton Residences were named after her and her father.[100] Her father and uncle were granted honorary doctorates, Arthur in 1910 and Charles in 1919.[101] Elinor was a J.P.[102] and in 1942–3, she was the Lady Mayoress (ceremonial companion) to Leeds' first female Lord Mayor, Jessie Beatrice Kitson.[103] The women hosted visits from royalty, including the Princess Royal, her husband Lord Harewood, the Duchess of Kent and Lady Mountbatten.[48][104] In 1951 the Lupton sisters donated land to expand the campus of Leeds University. They were members of The University of Leeds Ladies' Club; holding meetings at their home, Beechwood, and were entertained at Harewood House in 1954 at the invitation of Princess Mary, the club's patron. Their aunt, Katherine Lupton, was one of the club's founders in 1923.[105][106][107]

In the 1970s, the sisters campaigned to preserve open grassland on Asket Hill, part of the family's Beechwood estate. They placed a legally binding "non-build" covenant in the ownership deeds.[108][109] After Elinor's death, Leeds Girls' High School acquired a Grade II listed former church and named it the Elinor Lupton Centre after her.[110]

Sir Charles Lupton[edit]

Lord Mayor of Leeds, Sir Charles Lupton by Sir Arthur Stockdale Cope

Charles Lupton OBE (1855–1935), Lord Mayor of Leeds was Francis III's fourth son, the third, Herbert, died young. He was educated at Leeds Grammar School, Rugby School and followed his elder brother to Trinity College, Cambridge to read history. He qualified as a solicitor in 1881[111] practising mainly at Dibb & Co, which became Dibb Lupton and subsequently merged into DLA Piper.[112] In 1888 he married Katharine Ashton and became the brother-in-law of Thomas Ashton, 1st Baron Ashton of Hyde and James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, and shared their interest in politics with his cousin Arnold Lupton. Charles was elected to the board of management of Leeds General Infirmary and in 1900 was appointed its treasurer and chairperson of the board as it evolved into a modern hospital. Leeds School of Medicine was integrated with the Yorkshire College. He retired from the appointment in 1921 and remained on the board. He was a member of the Court and Council of the University and chairman of the Law Committee.

In 1915–1916, while he was Lord Mayor of Leeds, Lupton raised money to enlarge Chapel Allerton Hospital, which was a military hospital.[4] Newsreel footage survives of him inspecting troops with his brothers in Colsterdale in the Yorkshire Dales in support of the Leeds Pals battalion.[113]

A Liberal, he became a Liberal-Unionist at the time of the First Home Rule Bill. In 1918 he was Deputy-Lieutenant for the West Riding of Yorkshire;[114] He was granted the Freedom of the City in 1926.[115] He was the city council's Chairman of the Improvements Committee and promoted the construction of the Leeds Outer Ring Road in the post-war years and the widening of Upper and Lower Headrows. He lived at Carr Head, Roundhay Park and left his art collection to the City of Leeds in 1935.[116][117]

Hugh Lupton[edit]

Isabella Lupton, Lady Mayoress of Leeds (right) with Princess Mary in 1926

Hugh Lupton (1861–1947) was Francis III's fifth son and attended Rugby School before University College, Oxford, reading modern history. He was apprenticed to Hathorn Davey, makers of heavy pumping machinery, in 1881 and rose to managing director, only to see the Great Depression force the company into being takenover by Sulzer. Hugh was a member of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers.[118]

Hugh sat on the Roundhay and Seacroft Rural District Council and, for a year, was chairperson. When the RDC became a ward of the city in 1913, he was elected to Leeds City Council, serving for many years. During most of this time he was Chairman of the Electricity Committee. In 1926, he became Lord Mayor of Leeds, with his wife Isabella Simey as Lady Mayoress.[4] In these roles, they hosted visits by the Princess Royal and her husband Lord Harewood.[113][119] In June 1927, Lady Mayoress Isabella Lupton was reportedly presented at Court by the Countess of Harewood, Princess Mary's mother-in-law.[120]

On 23 August 1933, as one of the "great figures of Yorkshire", Hugh Lupton was presented to King George V and Queen Mary at Leeds Town Hall.[121]

Both of Hugh's sons survived the Great War; surgeon Charles Athelstane (died 1977), studied at Trinity College, Cambridge[122] and wrote a book about the Lupton family.[123] His other son, Hugh Ralph Lupton OBE (died 1983), was also educated at Trinity College, Cambridge,[124] and married Joyce Ransome (sister of the Swallows and Amazons author Arthur). Their sons were Arthur Ralph Ransome Lupton (1924–2009), Dr Francis G. H. Lupton OBE (1921–2006) and Geoffrey Charles Martineau Lupton (1930–2019) who married Colina, daughter of Sir Raibeart MacDougall.[125][64][126][127][128] Hugh's family includes performer Hugh Lupton and author Rosamund Lupton.[129]

Twentieth century[edit]

Olive Middleton (née Lupton)[edit]

Nurse Olive Middleton, back row far right, in 1915 at Gledhow Hall, the estate of her cousin Baroness Airedale

Frank Lupton's eldest daughter Olive (1881–1936) was born at Newton Grove and grew up at Rockland on the family's estate in Potternewton.[130] She was educated at Roedean[131] and was accepted to study at Cambridge University but remained at home with her father and studied locally at Yorkshire College, Victoria University in Leeds.[132][133] In 1909, Olive Lupton was a member of the executive committee of the Leeds Association of Girls' Clubs,[134] and the Appeal Committee for the enlargement and improvement of Leeds General Infirmary Nurses' Home. Olive worked as an honorary officer at the Stead Hostel, a home in Leeds for working women and girls which was established by her father. Olive volunteered for The Leeds Ladies' Association for the Care and Protection of Friendless Girls[135] whose meetings were held in 1932 at Olive's family seat – Beechwood Estate – at the invitation of her first cousins, the "Misses Lupton" who lived at Beechwood and were also volunteers for the Association.[136][137][138][139] Olive's grandmother, Frances Lupton, had established the association in Leeds in 1885.[140]

In 1910, Olive was honorary secretary of the West Riding Ladies' Club.[141][142]

In 1914, Olive Lupton married solicitor Richard Noel Middleton who subsequently became a director of William Lupton & Co. She likely met him through her father, who sat on the Leeds City Council with Richard Middleton's legal partner, Sir William Clarke.[143][144][145][146] During the First World War, she lived at Gledhow Hall, the home of her second cousin Lady Airedale where she volunteered to work as a V.A.D. nurse. Olive's cousin, the Hon. Doris Kitson and her sister-in-law, Gertrude Middleton also volunteered.[145][147][148] During this time, Olive's husband, Lieutenant Richard Noel Middleton was fighting on the Western Front.[149]

Newspapers from December 1933 record that "Mrs. Noel Middleton" was a committee member of "The Infirmary Appeal" with "the Princess Royal" agreeing to "become Patron of the whole Appeal" – supporting the "scheme" of fundraising for the Leeds Infirmary. The committee's Vice-Presidents included the Princess's sister-in-law the Hon. Mrs Edward Lascelles and other women "serving on the Committee" included Olive's relatives; her first cousin Elinor Lupton and Jessie B. Kitson.[150]

Following her death in 1936 from peritonitis, Olive Middleton's descendants inherited the trust funds established by her father.[94][151]

The Middleton's eldest son, Christopher Maurice (born 1915), later changed his surname from Middleton to Lupton.[152] Their youngest son was Oxford-educated pilot, Peter (1920–2010), grandfather of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Pippa Middleton, and James William Middleton. Peter Middleton was Prince Philip's co-pilot on a two-month tour of South America in 1962.[153][4]

Anne Lupton[edit]

Anne Lupton

Francis Martineau's younger daughter, Anne, (1888–1967) attended Newnham College at Cambridge University. In the 1920s, Anne and her cousin Elinor Lupton were members of the Classical Association and lived at Beechwood.[154] She wished to enter the family business, but as women were excluded, she travelled for many years in South America and Canada. She never married, but on her return to England, set up home, a sort of Boston marriage, in Chelsea with Enid Moberly Bell, the daughter and biographer of The Times editor Charles Frederic Moberly Bell. Moberly Bell was vice-chair of the Lyceum Club for female artists and writers[155] and the first headmistress of Lady Margaret School in Parsons Green. In 1937 Anne Lupton financed the purchase of the Georgian property, Elm House – subsequently renamed Lupton House – in which the school is located.[156][157][158] At Westminster Abbey on 17 October 2017, Lord Chartres "celebrated Anne's support of Lady Margaret School".[159]

From June 1915, Anne Lupton was the secretary of both the Leeds General Hospital Committee and the organising secretary of the 2nd Northern General Hospital at Beckett's Park. Anne and her uncle Charles Lupton were guests when King George V visited the Beckett's Park Military Hospital on 27 September 1915.[160][161][162] In March 1920, she was awarded the M.B.E. for her voluntary work for the Leeds Local War Pensions Committee.[163][164]

Anne's Newnham College, Cambridge friend – Dorothy Davison – married Anne's brother, Francis Ashford Lupton at St Martin's Church at the family's Newton Park Estate in August 1914.[165][166]

Anne Lupton was the founder and organiser of the London Housing Centre.[158][167] In 1938, she organised an exhibition at the London Housing Centre for the centenary of Octavia Hill's birth which was visited at her request by Queen Mary. Lupton collected the material for Moberly Bell's biography of Octavia Hill.[168]

Geoffrey Lupton[edit]

The eldest son of Henry Lupton (died 1932), Geoffrey Lupton (1882–1949), was a significant figure in the Arts and Crafts Movement. He apprenticed himself to Ernest Gimson, described by the art critic Nikolaus Pevsner as "the greatest of the English architect-designers".[169] He used his inherited wealth to commission Gimson to design the Lupton Hall at Bedales School, which he and his siblings had attended.[170]

Barbara Lupton (Lady Bullock)[edit]

Barbara Lupton at Cambridge University c. 1913

Henry Lupton's middle daughter, Barbara (1891–1974), grew up in Headingley, Leeds[171] and attended Bedales School, Newnham College, Cambridge (1910–1913) and the London School of Economics (1913–1914) where she obtained a social science qualification. The 1923 leather-bound handwritten volume Newman College, Cambridge University War Work records that during the First World War Barbara and her second cousin Anne Lupton worked for the war effort; Barbara for the Ministry of Munitions Welfare Department from 1915 to 1919 and Anne for the Leeds Pension Commission as Honorary Assistant Secretary. Both cousins were Newman alumna, their years as undergraduates coinciding. Other members of Barbara's Leeds family who volunteered for the war effort reportedly included Anne's sister Olive Middleton.[172][173][174]

In April 1917, Barbara married Sir Christopher Bullock, whom she had met at Cambridge; he was a civil servant at the British Air Ministry. Bullock was Winston Churchill's Principal Private Secretary in 1919.[175] Bullock was the Air Ministry's Permanent Under-Secretary from 1931 to 1936. Sir Christopher and Lady Bullock had two sons, Richard C.B. (1920–1998)[176] and Edward (1926–2015), both of whom entered public service, in the Home Office and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office respectively.[177][178][179]

Agnes and Norman Darnton Lupton[edit]

Two grandchildren of Darnton Lupton (died 1873): Agnes and Norman Darnton Lupton (died 1953), left a substantial bequest to Leeds Art Gallery in 1952. Norman had attended Marlborough College and Trinity College, Cambridge and was a mechanical engineer and artist. Norman shared his love of art with his relative – architect Sydney Decimus Kitson (died 1937), half-brother of James Kitson, 1st Baron Airedale.[180][181][182] Norman held the rank of Major during the First World War.[183] He is referenced in a telegram sent by his relative Lieutenant R. Noel Middleton to Middleton's father-in-law, Francis Martineau Lupton upon the death of Francis's eldest son, Major Francis Ashford Lupton on the Western Front in 1917.[184] Norman's and Agnes's donation to the Leeds Art Gallery included works by John Sell Cotman, Thomas Girtin and J. M. W. Turner.[109][185][186] Another of Darnton's grandchildren, Alan Cecil Lupton (died 1949) graduated from Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was a J.P.. His daughter, Marjorie, was reported as marrying Godfrey Vyvyan Stopford, "nephew of the Earl of Courtown" in 1934.[187][188]

Legacy[edit]

Many memorials to the Lupton family lie within Leeds Minster.[21] More recent memorials are found in St John's Church in Roundhay,[189][190] and Mill Hill Chapel, where a stained glass window commemorates the family.[191]

Noel Middleton's family sold William Lupton & Co to Pudsey textiles firm A.W. Hainsworth in 1958.[192][193] By the outbreak of the Second World War the land at Potternewton Hall and Newton Hall - the Newton Park Estate - had become the largest private housing estate in Leeds.[194] Elinor and Elizabeth Lupton, granddaughters of Francis Lupton, were the third of several generations to inhabit Beechwood. They regularly opened their gardens to the public during the 1940s[195] and 50s.[196] During the late 1970s and 1980s, Beechwood College was a base for co-operative education and for a time housed the office of the Industrial Common Ownership Movement (ICOM).[197]

Farmland surrounding Beechwood was sold to Leeds City Council by the 1950s for the Seacroft council estate and 500 council houses, shops, parks and Beechwood Primary School were built on it. Beechwood, the Georgian mansion remained in the family into the 1990s.[198][199] In 2014, members of the Lupton family retained ownership of some the estate; Mr M, Mr D and Ms H. Lupton – the great nephews and niece of Elinor and Elizabeth Lupton – were keen to ensure that, despite any Asket Hill housing developments, as "wildlife lovers", they would protect their family's land, "just as their great aunts had done years ago".[108][109] The Lupton name is commemorated in Leeds by the Leeds University's Lupton Residences, Lupton House at Leeds Grammar, the street names – Lupton Avenue and Lupton Street – and Lupton's Field at Asket Hill, Roundhay, which is named in honour of Elinor and Elizabeth Lupton.[200]

The Quarry Hill Flats in Leeds contained a large block of apartments built in 1938 which were named Lupton House in honour of members of the Lupton family; "probably Sir Charles Lupton".[201]

References[edit]

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  134. ^ Jones, Helen M.F. (2013). "'Hours of Distraction and Cheerful Companionship': Leeds Association of Girls' Clubs and the Girls' Clubs Era ( 1904–1944 )" (PDF). Leeds Pals Volunteer Researchers. Second Series. Publications of the Thoresby Society. Retrieved 18 September 2015. At least four members of the family including the duchess's great grandmother were involved in girls' clubs in Leeds ... LAGC's first executive committee also included members of the Middleton and Lupton families.
  135. ^ Taylor, Peter. "Olive Christiana Middleton, née Lupton - A VAD Nurse with a Pals connection". Leeds Pals Volunteer Researchers. Retrieved 11 June 2020. Olive worked as an honorary officer at the Stead Hostel, a home in Leeds for working women and girls which had been established by her father, and she volunteered for The Leeds Ladies’ Association for the Care and Protection of Friendless Girls, which had been established by her grandmother in 1885.
  136. ^ "Princess Royal's Support of Scheme". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. West Yorkshire, England. 1 December 1933. Retrieved 18 September 2015 – via Genes Reunited. ... the Appeal – "the enlargement and improvement of the Nurses' Homes" ... Those serving on the Committee are: ... Miss. Elinor Lupton, Mrs. Horace Marshall. Mrs. Noel Middleton ...
  137. ^ "Lord Mayor of Leeds and the Stead Hostel". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. West Yorkshire, England. 15 October 1931. p. 14. Retrieved 18 September 2015 – via Genes Reunited. ...others there who have so often helped the Home, as honorary officers ... included ... the Hon. Hilda Kitson, W. Muir (secretary) Miss. F. Leeming (Matron), Mrs. Noel Middleton ... Mrs. Charles Hodgson
  138. ^ "The Leeds Ladies' Association for the Care and Protection of Friendless Girls". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. Yorkshire, England. 27 January 1932. Retrieved 9 August 2019. The Leeds Ladies' Association for the Care and Protection of Friendless Girls, yesterday held their annual meeting at Beechwood, Roundhay, at the invitation of the Misses Lupton. Submitting the report, Mrs. F. J. Kitson (hon. secretary) said that the matron of the home ...
  139. ^ "Stead Hostel, Leeds". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. Yorkshire, England. 19 January 1924. Retrieved 9 August 2019. The Stead Hostel was started in 1912 with the strong approval the late Alderman F. M. Lupton ...
  140. ^ "Coincidence". Leeds Mercury Yorkshire, England. 9 February 1935. Retrieved 9 August 2019. ... the Care and Protection of Friendless Girls held in Leeds to-day. The Association was started 50 years ago mainly through the efforts of three women, Mrs. Henry Currer Briggs, Mrs. Francis (Frances) Lupton, and Mrs. F. W. Kitson. At to-day's Jubilee commemoration ...
  141. ^ "Notices". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. West Yorkshire, England. 25 January 1910. Retrieved 28 October 2017. ...gratefully welcomed, and may be addressed to me at the West Riding Ladies' Club, 14 Park Row or at Rockland, Newton Park. — Yours, etc., OLIVE C. LUPTON. Hon. Sec ... Rockland, Newton Park, Leeds, Jan. 24
  142. ^ Crawford, Elizabeth (2 September 2003). The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866–1928. Routledge. p. 129. ISBN 1135434026. Retrieved 28 October 2017. West Riding Ladies' Club, 14 Park Row, Leeds
  143. ^ Taylor, P. "Mothers, Sweethearts, Wives – the women behind the Pals- Olive Middleton". Leeds Pals Volunteer Researchers. Retrieved 14 July 2020. ...Or they could have met through her father, who sat on the City Council with Richard Middleton’s legal partner, Sir William Clarke.
  144. ^ "Rockland; home of Francis Martineau Lupton and daughter Olive Middleton". Leodis – A Photographic Archive of Leeds. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  145. ^ a b Gutteridge, Nick (2 July 2016). "PICTURED: Kate's great grandmother and her own extraordinary contribution to Britain's war". Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  146. ^ Laycock, Mike (17 March 2015). "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The (York) Press. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  147. ^ Yedroudj, L. (31 October 2018). "Kate's family war horror: Duchess at museum to see heartbreaking WWI letters". The Express. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  148. ^ Reed, Michael (2016). "Gledhow Hall". House and Heritage – David Poole. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  149. ^ "The Duchess of Cambridge views family letters from World War One". 31 October 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2019. Olive Middleton – Permanent address: ... St Michael's Road, Headingley ... Gledhow Hall (VAD Hospital) two months in residence full time. ... She (Olive) married Lieutenant Richard Noel Middleton, who also corresponded with the family during the war.
  150. ^ "The Infirmary Appeal: Princess Royal's Support of Scheme". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 1 December 1933. p. 3. Retrieved 31 October 2019. The committee was launched by Miss E.G. Lupton ... it was announced that the Princess Royal had agreed to become Patron of the whole Appeal ... Vice-Presidents are: ... Lady Irwin, Lady Bingley, Lady Moynihan, ... Lady Burton ... the Hon. Mrs Edward Lascelles ... serving on the Committee are ... Lady Burton, ... Miss Elinor Lupton ... Mrs Noel Middleton ... Miss J.B. Kitson ...
  151. ^ Lewis, Jason (27 November 2010). "How a Victorian industrialist helped Kate Middleton's parents". UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 October 2015. ... This fortune was inherited by Mr (Francis Martineau) Lupton's two daughters, one of whom, Olive, is Kate Middleton's great grandmother ...
  152. ^ Beachcroft, Samuel Porten, ed. (1962). Clifton College Register, 1862 to 1962. J.W. Arrowsmith. p. 282. Retrieved 7 May 2020. Lupton, Christopher Maurice (formerly Middleton, C.M.) born 24 12 1915...
  153. ^ Sparkes, Matthew (22 April 2014). "Pictured: Royal couple's grandparents' jet-age meeting". UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 July 2015. Long forgotten footage recently published on YouTube by British Pathé has revealed the moment that Prince William's grandfather and Kate Middleton's grandfather met as pilot and co-pilot in South America in the 1960s.
  154. ^ Contributors – Classical Association (Great Britain), Classical Association of England and Wales (1924). "Proceedings of the Classical Association, Volume 21". Classical Association. Retrieved 22 August 2018. Miss A.M.Lupton, Beechwood, Roundhay ... Miss E.G.Lupton, Beechwood, RoundhayCS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  155. ^ Gordon, Peter. Dictionary of British Women's Organisations: 1825–1960.
  156. ^ Owen, Brian (2015). "Lady Margaret School". Lady Margaret School Ltd. Retrieved 25 May 2015. In 1937, the second house, Elm House, was purchased through the generosity of Miss Anne Lupton.
  157. ^ "London Gardens". London Parks and Gardens Trust. Retrieved 21 November 2018. In 1937 the school moved out and Elm House was acquired by Lady Margaret School. The building was refurbished, and renamed Lupton House, in honour of Anne Lupton, who had been instrumental in acquiring the building for the school.
  158. ^ a b Housing Review, Volume 17. Housing Centre – The University of California. 1968. pp. 3, 48. Retrieved 30 April 2016. ... Miss Anne Muriel Lupton, M.B.E., our chief founder, benefactor, former chairman and vice-president, at the age ... Anne went to Newnham College, Cambridge, and in 1914 on the marriage of her elder sister. ... She (Anne) was active in the work of the Fulham Housing Improvement Society ... it was in Fulham that Enid Moberly Bell became the first headmistress of Lady Margaret. ... She herself worked on War Pensions, which was recognised by the award of M.B.E. Her father died in 1921 ...
  159. ^ "Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra attended a Service to Celebrate the Centenary of Lady Margaret School at Westminster Abbey on Tuesday 17th October 2017 – Address given by the Right Reverend and Right Honourable Richard Chartres KCVO ChStJ FSA" (PDF). Dean and Chapter of Westminster. 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018. This is a day for celebrating the friends and supporters of Lady Margaret over the years beginning with the great Enid Moberley-Bell and her friend Anne Lupton.
  160. ^ Wilkinson, A. "Oakwood and District Historical Society – One Hundred Years Ago" (PDF) (Oakleaves, Part 15, Spring 2016). Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  161. ^ "Funds for the Leeds Military Hospital". Leeds Mercury Yorkshire, England. 3 October 1915. Retrieved 4 November 2018. LEEDS HOSPITALS ORGANISING SECRETARIES; Miss Anne Muriel Lupton, 2nd Northern General Hospital, Beckett's Park ...
  162. ^ "The King's Visit to the Leeds Military Hospitals, Newsreels Shown Daily ... Tonight at 7 ..." Leeds Mercury. 30 September 1915. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
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  167. ^ "Miss A. M. Lupton – Organiser of the London Housing Centre". The Yorkshire Post. 15 March 1935. MISS A. M. LUPTON Organiser of (the) London Housing Centre ...
  168. ^ "Anne Lupton – Housing Review, Volume 17". Housing Centre (Great Britain). 1968. p. 48. Retrieved 28 October 2017. Enid Moberly Bell, the friend with whom Anne lived for so many years, wrote the biography of housing management's pioneer Octavia Hill ... It was after this exhibition, which was visited at her own request by Queen Mary, that Enid Moberly Bell, the friend with whom Anne ... Anne, the Martha of the household, had collected the raw material for the book ...
  169. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). Pioneers of Modern Design. Penguin Books, London. p. 152.
  170. ^ Kirby, Jane (2015). "The Lupton Hall". Bedales Schools. Retrieved 11 August 2015. (Geoffrey) Lupton undertook the building work himself. He came from a wealthy background, and although Mr Badley refers to a group of Old Bedalians as the donors, Lupton (an Old Bedalian) largely financed the project (the design and building of the Hall) as well.
  171. ^ Contributors: West-Riding Consolidated Naturalists' Society, Yorkshire Naturalists' Union (1900). The Naturalist. Simpkin. p. 133. Retrieved 15 February 2020. Lupton, Henry, F.E.S., Lyndhurst, North Grange Road, Headingley.
  172. ^ Gutteridge, N. (2 July 2016). "PICTURED: Kate's great grandmother and her own extraordinary contribution to Britain's war". UK Daily Express. Retrieved 12 February 2020. Olive volunteered as a nurse with her relatives Baroness Airedale, left, and Lady Bullock, right
  173. ^ Edith Margaret Sharpley (1923). Newnham College, Cambridge University War Work. Newnham College, Cambridge (This leather-bound handwritten volume has 170 pages). pp. 57, 63, 142. Retrieved 10 July 2019. Bullock, Mrs. (B.M. Lupton) – 1st Grade Clerk (temp), Ministry of Munitions Welfare Department 1915–1919 ... A.M. Lupton – was Hon. Assistant Secretary for the Leeds Pension Commission
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  181. ^ Bell, George Charles. "Marlborough College Register from 1843 to 1904 Inclusive: With Alphabetical Index". Mocavo UK. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015. Norman Darnton Lupton – Mechanical Engineer – Educated Marlborough College and Trinity College, Cambridge
  182. ^ "BBC – Your paintings – Norman Lupton". BBC, Public Catalogue Foundation. 2015. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  183. ^ Alumni Cantabrigienses. Cambridge University Press. 1951. Retrieved 10 July 2019. LUPTON, NORMAN DARNTON. Adm. pens, at ... Served in the Great War, 1914–19 (Major, W. Yorks. Regt) ...
  184. ^ "The Duchess of Cambridge Views family letters from the First World War". The Royal Household. 31 October 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2019. She (Olive C. Lupton) married Lieutenant Richard Noel Middleton, who also ... This telegram from Noel Middleton to the family, informs that Francis' body had been found: "Bad News Francis Body Found Near Taylor's Killed Instantaneously Bomb Saw Norman (Lupton) Yesterday And Grave In Churchyard" ...
  185. ^ Leeds Art Gallery. Leeds Galleries and Museums. p. 52.
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  187. ^ "ROMANCE OF EARL'S NEPHEW". Dundee Evening Telegraph. Angus, Scotland. 5 April 1934. Retrieved 13 September 2015. ROMANCE OF EARL'S NEPHEW People in the News MR G. V. STOPFORD ENGAGED The engagement is announced to-day between Godfrey Vyvyan Stopford, son of Vice-Admiral the Hon. Arthur Stopford and Mrs Charles Craig, and Marjorie, daughter of Mr and Mrs A. C. Lupton, ...
  188. ^ Venn, John (15 September 2011). Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108036146. Retrieved 13 September 2015. ... at TRINITY, June 13, 1893. (Alan Cecil was) the son of Alan [J.P.] of Scarcroft, near Leeds. (Alan Cecil Lupton was) Born. 1873, at Leeds. School, Eton. Matric. Michs. 1893. J.P. for the North Riding of Yorks., 1907–44. Served in the Great War, 1914–19
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  197. ^ Spreckley, Freer. "Social Enterprise – A Counterbalance to Inequality". New Millennium Internet Services Ltd. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  198. ^ Rayner, Gordon (21 June 2013). "How the family of 'commoner' Kate Middleton has been rubbing shoulders with royalty for a century". Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 14 May 2015. It (Beechwood) stayed in the Lupton family until the 1990s, though much of the land around it was sold off in the 1950s and became the Seacroft council estate.
  199. ^ "A record building programme for Leeds 2,000 houses this year". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. West Yorkshire, England. 26 January 1952. Retrieved 12 April 2017. ... Committee accepted a contract yesterday for 500 Wates type houses, a prefabricated system construction, to be built on the Beechwood Estate, Seacroft. The contractors are ...
  200. ^ Byelaws for Pleasure Grounds, Public Walks and Open Spaces, Leeds City Council (December 2008). "Schedule 1, Listed Grounds – Ward Number 30 – Roundhay – Lupton's Field (Asket Hill)– 19001774 – Open Green Space" (PDF). Department of Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
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Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hall, Coryne (October 2013). Well Connected. Majesty. London: Rex Publications Limited.
  • Lupton, Francis; Lupton, Charles Athelstane (2001). The Next Generation: A Sequel to 'The Lupton Family in Leeds' by C.A. Lupton. London: Francis Lupton. OCLC 904426239