Middleton at the wedding of Lady Melissa Percy in June 2013
|Born||Philippa Charlotte Middleton
6 September 1983
Reading, Berkshire, England
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
|Occupation||Socialite, author, columnist|
|Known for||Younger sister of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
Philippa Charlotte "Pippa" Middleton (/ /; born 6 September 1983) is an English socialite, author, columnist, and the younger sister of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. Middleton began receiving media attention with her appearance as the maid of honour at her sister's wedding to Prince William in 2011, and has continued to do so for her fashion sense and personal relationships.
Philippa "Pippa" Middleton is the second of three children born to Michael Middleton, a former British Airways flight dispatcher, and Carole Middleton (née Goldsmith), a former flight attendant. She was christened at St Andrew's Bradfield, Berkshire.
Middleton's father, Michael, was born in 1949 in Leeds, now in West Yorkshire; and his grandmother, Olive Middleton, belonged to the Lupton family who, according to the City of Leeds archives, were "woollen manufacturers and landed gentry; a business and political dynasty"; previously unpublished pictures revealed in March 2015 that Olive Middleton had grown up on her family's Potternewton Hall Estate alongside her cousin, Baroness von Schunck, née Kate Lupton. Baroness Airedale, the daughter of Baroness von Schunck, later lived at nearby Gledhow Hall Estate. A BBC documentary reported in 2014 that Gledhow Hall had been visited in 1885 by King Edward VII – at that time the Prince of Wales.
Middleton's father had inherited large trust funds from his grandmother Olive Middleton. These funds enabled the Middleton family tradition of both private schooling and an "Oxbridge" university education to continue; Michael Middleton's father, Captain Peter Middleton, was educated at Oxford University. Added to this wealth was Michael Middleton's wife's success as a businesswoman.
In 1986, Middleton's family returned from Amman; her father having worked there in a managerial position with BA for two and a half years. Once again, the family were living in Bradfield Southend and the two eldest children were at St Andrew's Private Preparatory School. In 1987, Carole Middleton set up Party Pieces. The company initially began by making party bags and went on to sell party supplies and decorations by mail order. By 1995, both of Middleton's parents were directors and managers of the firm which had become so successful that it had moved into a range of farm buildings at Ashampstead Common,
The company's success, along with the inherited Middleton wealth, has meant that Middleton's parents are reported to be millionaires. While at Bradfield Southend, Middleton and her sister were members of the local St Andrew's Brownie pack.
By 2012, Middleton's parents were the owners of Bucklebury Manor, a Georgian mansion on an estate of some 18 acres. Middleton's nephew, Prince George, spent his first few weeks at Bucklebury Manor.
In 1995, her family moved to Bucklebury, Berkshire. Like her sister, Middleton was first educated at St Andrew's School, a private boarding school in Pangbourne and then Downe House School, a girls' day and boarding school in Cold Ash. She was a boarder at Marlborough College, where she held a sports/all-rounder scholarship. Middleton then graduated from the University of Edinburgh with an English literature degree, where she shared a house with Lord Edward Innes-Ker, a son of the Duke of Roxburghe, and with Earl Percy, heir apparent of the Duke of Northumberland.
Following her graduation, Middleton briefly worked in 2008 at a public relations firm promoting luxury products. She then had an events management job with Table Talk, a company based in London that organises corporate events and parties. Also in 2008, Tatler magazine named Middleton "the Number 1 Society Singleton", ahead of singer-songwriter James Blunt and Princess Eugenie of York, although in the same Tatler article she was described as someone who "goes to a lot of parties, but mainly as the caterer." Since then, she has often been described as a socialite. As part of a duo with her older sister, Middleton has received wide press coverage, focusing on her social life and her lifestyle. In April 2012, Time magazine listed Middleton as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
Penguin Books paid Middleton a £400,000 advance for a book on party planning. The book, entitled Celebrate, was published in autumn 2012, and had lower than anticipated sales as many reviewers mocked it for the obviousness of its content. Middleton had said that she was not using a ghost writer. In March 2013, Middleton parted from her literary agent.
The 2016 ITV documentary, Our Queen At 90, revealed that a recipe which featured in Middleton's Celebrate book - Granny's Marrow Chutney - had been made by her sister, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, who gave a jar of it as a Christmas gift to her grandmother-in-law, Queen Elizabeth II, in 2011.
Middleton is also a regular columnist for several publications. She has contributed articles to The Spectator magazine since December 2012 and began having a food column in the supermarket magazine Waitrose Kitchen beginning in Spring 2013. In June 2013 she was named a contributing editor of Vanity Fair writing a series of columns for the magazine. Beginning in September 2013, Middleton also wrote a fortnightly sports and social column for The Sunday Telegraph. She parted ways from The Telegraph in May 2014.
In May 2013, she became the sole director and shareholder of PXM Enterprises Limited. The company is headquartered at 19 Portland Place in London. Its assets amounted to £211,521 in 2014, at the end of its first fiscal year.
In July 2016, Middleton became engaged to James Matthews, a hedge fund manager and the eldest son and heir of David Matthews, the Laird of Glen Affric. It was reported that following her fiancé's inheritance of his father's lairdship, Middleton will be accorded the courtesy title of Lady Glenaffric.
In April 2013, she became an ambassador to the Mary Hare School for deaf children in Berkshire.
In June 2014, she became an ambassador to the British Heart Foundation (BHF). That month, she took part in the Race Across America, a 3,000 mile cycling race across the United States, followed by the Bosphorus Cross-Continental Swimming Race, a 6.5 km swimming competition in Istanbul, as two fundraising opportunities for the BHF. Her bicycle was also auctioned on eBay for the BHF. She then attended the BHF's Roll out the Red Ball at the Park Lane Hotel on 10 February 2015. She auctioned one of her L.K.Bennett dresses at the ball. She took part in the London to Brighton Bike Ride for the BHF on 21 June 2015.
The official announcement of her sister's engagement came on 16 November 2010. Middleton served as the maid of honour. At the wedding, Middleton's white figure-hugging dress, which, like the bride's, was created by Sarah Burton of Alexander McQueen, was highly praised in the media. Made of ivory crêpe fabric, it was styled with a cowl at the front and organza-covered buttons at the back. Copies of the dress were soon available on the High Street where there was a great demand for them.
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- until 1974 in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 9, 16. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- Laycock, Mike (17 March 2015). "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press (York). Retrieved 18 March 2015.
....he discovered previously unpublished pictures in the depths of the Leeds archives showing the Potternewton Hall Estate where Olive ...(and) her blood cousin Baroness von Schunck...grew up.
- Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "'Middle-class' Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended George V's coronation". Daily Telegraph. p. 7. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
The (Lupton) relatives who spoke to me said their ancestors were very much landed gentry, and as we now know some of them were titled.
- "Leodis – A photographic Archive of Leeds". Headingley Castle, Leeds - "The Lupton family of Leeds were landed gentry; a business and political dynasty". UK Government, Leeds City Council. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Brennan, Zoe (19 March 2011). "The family fortune of the minted Middletons". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
The Luptons were an upper-middle-class family of merchants and property developers. While not aristocrats, they were definitely genteel.
- Wrathmell, Susan (2005). "Leeds – Pevsner City Guide – Architecture- (Chapeltown, Chapel Allerton and Gledhow)". Yale University Press. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
...these included Potternewton Hall (House) and.....to the E(East) Gledhow Hall...
- Green, Liz (28 May 2014). "Gledhow Hall, West Yorkshire: Romance in a War Hospital". BBC Leeds. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
Once a magnificent country house, Gledhow Hall, in Leeds, was formerly the home of Baroness Airedale, a relation of our future queen, the Duchess of Cambridge...in 1885, the Hall was visited by the Prince of Wales...
- Wilson, Christopher (22 December 2006). "Kate, the coal miner's girl". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Lewis, Jason (27 November 2010). "How a Victorian industrialist helped Kate Middleton's parents". UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
By 1936 there were three separate family trusts in operation controlling the bulk of her (Olive) and her family's fortune
- Walker, Tim (22 July 2014). "The Duchess of Cambridge is related to Beatrix Potter, who once gave the Middleton family her own original hand-painted illustrations". UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
It was in the Lake District in the summer of 1936 that Peter’s mother Olive Lupton was rushed to hospital with peritonitis, dying on September 27, aged only 55, leaving behind a large trust fund for her descendants
- Joseph, Claudia (16 July 2014). "The family tragedy that helped the Middletons make their millions". Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
When Olive died in 1936, at the age of 55, she set up a trust fund of £52,031 – equivalent to £2.9 million – for her four children, one of whom was Kate’s grandfather Peter (Middleton), and their descendants
- "Potternewton Hall, Potternewton Lane". Leodis – A Photographic Archive of Leeds. UK Gov. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- Tominey, Camilla (14 February 2016). "Truth behind Prince George’s love of aviation". Daily Express (UK). Retrieved 19 February 2015.
It (the photograph) shows the Duchess of Cambridge’s grandfather, Captain Peter Middleton, with Prince Philip in 1962...
- London, Bianca (25 September 2014). "Why Kate should really be the Duchess of Oxford: Historian claims William's bride has the wrong title after studying her illustrious family history". UK Daily Mail. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
During his extensive research, he discovered that (Pippa Middleton's) grandfather Peter Middleton, as well as other relatives, all studied at the esteemed Oxford University.
- Rayner, Gordon (7 March 2011). "Kate Middleton family photos reveal her time in Jordan". Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "Party Pieces Princess". News of the World. 21 November 2010. p. 4.
- "About us". partypieces.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "Generation why-should-I?". The Scotsman. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Joseph, Claudia (22 January 2012). "When Kate was an Elf – and Pippa an Imp". Daily Mail. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Robinson, Martin (26 July 2013). "Operation protect Prince George: Police throw up ring of steel around Middleton family home as new royal family arrive". UK Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- Shakespeare, Sebastian (22 April 2016). "Pippa and pooch are work of art in first official portrait". UK Daily Mail. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Profiles: Kate Middleton". Hello!. August 2001.
- Curtis, Nick (10 May 2011). "Everything you never knew about Pippa Middleton". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Lambert, Victoria (29 March 2014). "Why everyone wants a Marlborough missus". The Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 9 February 2015.
Having a famous partner can cut both ways these days. There will be a Mr Pippa Middleton and a Mr Princess Eugenie. And can we ever think of old Marlburian male Mark Phillips as an equestrian without adding “the former Mr Princess Anne”?
- Pukas, Anna (20 November 2010). "Kate Middleton's eligible little sister". Daily Express. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
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- "Kate Middleton's Sister, Pippa: a socialite butterfly". royalweddings.org.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- Nicholl, Katie (21 April 2007). "First Kate, now sister Pippa splits from heir". Daily Mail.
- Nicholl, Katie (26 September 2009). "A Churchill snaps up the other Miss Middleton". Daily Mail.
- Levinson, Robin (18 April 2012). "Pippa Middleton in gun photo controversy one day... Time Magazine's 100 most influential people the next". National Post.
- Walker, Tim (17 November 2010). "Wedding is good business for Pippa Middleton". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 February 2011.
- Chilton, Martin (12 November 2012). "Pippa Middleton's New Book". Business Insider. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Howse, Christopher (2 November 2012). "Celebrate by Pippa Middleton: review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Myers, Russell; Perthen, Amanda (28 April 2012). "She was paid £400k for her book of party advice, now Pippa gives wedding tips to her best friend – for free". Daily Mail. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Pippa Middleton parts from agent after just one book". The Daily Telegraph. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Furness, Hannah (22 March 2016). "What to buy the Queen for Christmas? Chutney, says Duchess". Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 24 March 2016.
The instructions are detailed in her sister Pippa Middleton’s 2012 recipe book Celebrate, entitled “Granny’s Marrow Chutney”.
- "Pippa Middleton". The Spectator. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Pippa Middleton's Debut Waitrose Kitchen Food Column Could Use More of One Key Ingredient: Food". Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Pippa Middleton Named Vanity Fair Contributing Editor, Writes About Her (and Kate's) Tennis Obsession". Vanity Fair. 5 June 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Pippa Middleton". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Ellen Branagh, Mystery over Pippa Middleton's new company, The Independent, 31 May 2013
- Daniel Miller, Pippa Middleton sets up her first company using Ant and Dec's accountant, The Daily Mail, 31 May 2013
- Ruth Styles, Sorry James! New figures show Pippa is the most successful member of the Middleton clan after raking in £229,241 last year (that's £229,221 more than her brother), The Daily Mail, 26 February 2015
- London, Binaca. "Pippa Middleton flashes her '£200,000' engagement ring walking her dog Rafa - as it's revealed she will get her own title as Lady Glen Affric when she marries James Matthews". UK Daily Mail 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
As Australian art historian Michael Reed explained: 'In coming years and particularly as the future Lady Glenaffric, Pippa Middleton will be able to entertain lavishly on her husband's grand Scottish Glen Affric Estate....Pippa's future father-in-law, David Matthews, is the Laird of Glen Affric and owns a 10,000-acre Scottish estate near Loch Ness in the Scottish highlands. When David dies, James will inherit the title and Pippa will have her own title bestowed upon her as his wife, which she can use in the Commonwealth.
- "Pippa Middleton confirms engagement to James Matthews". BBC. BBC News. July 19, 2016. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- Gutteridge, Nick. "Middleton of the Glen! How Pippa will get a title to rival her sister Kate after engagement". UK Daily Express 20 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
...following her engagement to the son of a Scottish Laird...Mr Matthews is the son of David Matthews, the Laird of Glen Affric....The 32 year old sister of the Duchess of Cambridge will one day become Lady Glen Affric and have access to a sprawling 10,000 acre Scottish estate....Pippa will be able to use the courtesy title...bestowed on her as the heir's wife
- Matthews, Spencer (1 October 2013). Confessions of a Chelsea Boy. Pan Macmillan UK. ISBN 1743513216.
- Toni Jones, Pippa Middleton hits the town with her favourite party pal Tom Kingston: Pip lets her hair down following charity event at celebrity restaurant Le Caprice, The Daily Mail, 25 April 2013
- Pippa Middleton – our new ambassador, British Heart Foundation, 12 June 2014
- Bystander: Roll out the Red Ball, Tatler, 11 February 2015
- Martha Cliff, Now YOU can own Pippa Middleton's dress but do you have the bum for it? Frock worn by Duchess of Cambridge's sister up for charity auction... and bidding starts at £100, The Daily Mail, 21 January 2015
- Katz, Gregory; Baluja, Tamara (14 February 2011). "Royal wedding update: Prince Harry to be best man, Kate's sister Pippa is maid of honour". Yahoo Canada. The Associated Press, The Canadian Press. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011.
- "Debenhams produce £170 copy of Pippa Middleton's bridesmaid dress". The Daily Telegraph. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Karmali, Sarah (4 August 2011). "Pippa Middleton bridesmaid dress replicas hit Debenhams". MyDaily UK. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Singh, Anita (29 April 2011). "Pippa Middleton shines as maid of honour". The Daily Telegraph (London).
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- Bergin, Olivia (4 August 2011). "Debenhams produce £170 copy of Pippa Middleton's bridesmaid dress". The Daily Telegraph.
- William and Kate at the Internet Movie Database Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- Magrath, Andrea (21 February 2011). "First Look: The actors portraying William and Kate in TV movie in character as the royal couple... but doesn't he look more like Harry?". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 9 May 2011.