Posterior external arcuate fibers

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Posterior external arcuate fibers
Diagram showing the course of the arcuate fibers. (Testut.) 1. Medulla oblongata anterior surface. 2. Anterior median fissure. 3. Fourth ventricle. 4. Inferior olivary nucleus, with the accessory olivary nuclei. 5. Gracile nucleus. 6. Cuneate nucleus. 7. Trigeminal. 8. Inferior peduncles, seen from in front. 9. Posterior external arcuate fibers. 10. Anterior external arcuate fibers. 11. Internal arcuate fibers(no it's olivocerebellar tract). 12. Peduncle of inferior olivary nucleus. 13. Nucleus arcuatus. 14. Vagus. 15. Hypoglossal.
Section of the medulla oblongata at about the middle of the olive. (Arcuate fibers labeled at center right.)
Latinfibrae arcuatae externae posteriores
NeuroLex IDbirnlex_1238
Anatomical terminology

The posterior external arcuate fibers (dorsal external arcuate fibers) take origin in the accessory cuneate nucleus; they pass to the inferior cerebellar peduncle of the same side.

It carries proprioceptive information from the upper limbs and neck. It is an analogue to the dorsal spinocerebellar tract for the upper limbs.[1] In this context, the "cuneo-" derives from the accessory cuneate nucleus, not the cuneate nucleus. (The two nuclei are related in space, but not in function.)

The term "cuneocerebellar tract" is sometimes used to collectively refer to the posterior external arcuate fibers.[2]

The term "cuneocerebellar tract" is also used to describe an exteroceptive and proprioceptive components that take origin in the gracile and cuneate nuclei; they pass to the inferior cerebellar peduncle of the same side.[3]

It is uncertain whether fibers are continued directly from the gracile and cuneate fasciculi into the inferior peduncle.

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This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 783 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Fix, James D. (2002). Neuroanatomy. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-7817-2829-4.
  2. ^ Sabyasachi Sircar (2007). Principles of Medical Physiology. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag. p. 608. ISBN 978-1-58890-572-7.
  3. ^ Cooke, J. D. (October 1971). "Origin and termination of cuneocerebellar tract". Experimental Brain Research. 13 (4): 339–358. doi:10.1007/bf00234336.

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