Posterior interosseous nerve

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Posterior interosseous nerve
The supinator. (Deep branch of radial nerve labeled at upper right and lower right. Dorsal interosseous is this nerve after passing the supinator, at lower right.)
FromDeep branch of the radial nerve
Latinnervus interosseus antebrachii posterior
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The posterior interosseous nerve (or dorsal interosseous nerve/deep radial nerve) is a nerve in the forearm. It is the continuation of the deep branch of the radial nerve, after this has crossed the supinator muscle. It is considerably diminished in size compared to the deep branch of the radial nerve. The nerve fibers originate from cervical segments C7 and C8 in the spinal column.



It descends along the interosseous membrane, anterior to the extensor pollicis longus muscle, to the back of the carpus, where it presents a gangliform enlargement from which filaments are distributed to the ligaments and articulations of the carpus.


The posterior interosseous nerve supplies all the muscles of the posterior compartment of the forearm, except anconeus muscle, brachioradialis muscle, and extensor carpi radialis longus muscle. In other words, it supplies the following muscles:

The posterior interosseous nerve provides proprioception to the joint capsule of the distal radioulnar articulation, but not pain sensation.[1]

Clinical significance[edit]

The posterior interosseous nerve may be entrapped at the arcade of Frohse, which is part of the supinator muscle. This nerve can be injured in Monteggia fracture due to dislocation of the proximal head of radius bone.

Posterior interosseous neuropathy is purely a motor syndrome resulting in finger drop due to no extension of IP joints and radial wrist deviation on extension.

See also[edit]


Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 944 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918).

  1. ^ Slutsky, David J. (2006). "Chapter 4 - A Practical Approach to Nerve Grafting in the Upper Extremity". Peripheral Nerve Surgery - Practical Applications in the Upper Extremity. Elsevier, Churchill Livingstone. pp. 61–80. doi:10.1016/B978-0-443-06667-2.50009-5. ISBN 978-0-443-06667-2.