Prague, Oklahoma

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Prague, Oklahoma
Prague Municipal Building
Prague Municipal Building
Location of Prague, Oklahoma
Location of Prague, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°29′10″N 96°41′16″W / 35.48611°N 96.68778°W / 35.48611; -96.68778Coordinates: 35°29′10″N 96°41′16″W / 35.48611°N 96.68778°W / 35.48611; -96.68778
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyLincoln
Area
 • Total3.35 sq mi (8.68 km2)
 • Land3.00 sq mi (7.76 km2)
 • Water0.35 sq mi (0.92 km2)
Elevation1,007 ft (307 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,386
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
2,367
 • Density789.79/sq mi (304.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
74864
Area code(s)405
FIPS code40-60500[4]
GNIS feature ID1096887[2]
Websitewww.cityofpragueok.org

Prague (/ˈprɡ/[5]) is a city in Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,346 at the 2020 census, an 1.76 percent decrease from the figure of 2,388 in 2010.[6] Czech immigrants founded the city, and named it after the capital of the present-day Czech Republic.

History[edit]

After the opening of the Sac and Fox Reservation by a land run on September 22, 1891, Czech immigrants settled and founded Prague. Eva Barta owned the land, and named the new town "Prague" for the Czech capital in Europe, then part of Austria-Hungary. The town incorporated in 1902.[7] The town's name has been adopted in Sac and Fox language as Pwêkeki.[8]

On March 27, 1943, the film Hangmen Also Die! had its world premiere in Prague in an event which featured Adolf Hitler, Hirohito and Mussolini being hanged in effigy on Main Street. The town of Prague was apparently chosen because the movie is loosely based on the 1942 assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi Reich Protector of the German-occupied city of Prague, now in the Czech Republic. After the premiere, the film opened nationwide in the first days of April, beginning with 20 key cities.

On May 24, 1952, a head-on automobile collision seriously injured Indian mystic Meher Baba near Prague.[9] The accident site has become a place of pilgrimage for world wide Meher Baba followers.

An F5 tornado tore through Prague on May 5, 1960.

For 1996 Summer Olympics, the torch was carried through the town of Prague in order to commemorate the legacy of the legendary Sac and Fox native Olympic athlete, Jim Thorpe, who was born and raised in this region.[10]

On November 5, 2011 a series of earthquakes struck near Prague, the first one a magnitude 4.7 at 2:15 a.m. CST, followed by a series of aftershocks, and then a second quake of magnitude 5.7 at 10:53 p.m. CST, the strongest recorded in Oklahoma history until a 5.8-magnitude earthquake occurred on September 3, 2016. This continued on November 7, 2011 when another 4.7 hit at 8:45 p.m., just five miles northwest of Prague.

Geography[edit]

Prague is located at 35°29′10″N 96°41′16″W / 35.48611°N 96.68778°W / 35.48611; -96.68778 (35.486092, -96.687792).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,025
19201,12710.0%
19301,29915.3%
19401,4229.5%
19501,5468.7%
19601,545−0.1%
19701,80216.6%
19802,20822.5%
19902,3084.5%
20002,138−7.4%
20102,38611.6%
2019 (est.)2,367[3]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,138 people, 864 households, and 567 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,211.6 people per square mile (469.0/km2). There were 1,021 housing units at an average density of 578.6 per square mile (224.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.07% White, 3.70% African American, 9.92% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population.

There were 864 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,779, and the median income for a family was $32,137. Males had a median income of $24,083 versus $19,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,381. About 11.3% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Newspapers[edit]

Bohemian Hall, an early symbol of Prague's Czech heritage

The Shawnee News Star and the Prague Times Herald, provide news coverage of Prague.

The Oklahomski Noviny was a Czech-language newspaper printed in Prague in the 20th century.[7]

Education[edit]

The Prague Public Schools serve approximately 1000 students.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture, with corn as the primary crop, initially drove Prague's economy. This was still true at the beginning of the 21st century. Industry and commerce began to contribute later.[7]

Government[edit]

Prague has a council-manager form of city government.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Prague is at the intersection of U.S. Routes 377 and 62, and is approximately 10 minutes north of Interstate 40.[13]

The Prague-owned Prague Municipal Airport (FAA Identifier—O47) is two miles west of town, and features a 3600’ asphalt runway.[14]

Culture[edit]

On the first Saturday of May each year there is a 'Kolache Festival'. It celebrates the Czech culture brought from the 'old country.' One can learn more at the Prague Historical Museum on the town's main street, Jim Thorpe Boulevard, which is named for the town's most famous son, Sac and Fox Tribe member, the Olympic athlete Jim Thorpe.[15]

Reflecting its Czech Catholic heritage, Prague is also the home of a Papal-authorized copy of the Infant Jesus of Prague, known as the National Shrine of the Infant Jesus, which draws numerous visitors each year.[16]

Notable people[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Prague are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prague, Oklahoma
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Why Lima, Ohio, and Lima, Peru, Don't Have the Same Pronunciation". All Things Considered. National Public Radio. 21 March 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  6. ^ CensusViewer:Prague, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d Pritchett, Roger. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Prague." Retrieved March 6, 2015.
  8. ^ Gordon Whittaker, 2005, "A Concise Dictionary of the Sauk Language", The Sac & Fox National Public Library Stroud, Oklahoma. [1]
  9. ^ Kalchuri, Bhau (1986). Meher Prabhu: Lord Meher, The Biography of the Avatar of the Age, Meher Baba. Manifestation.
  10. ^ Hutchison, Mark A. “Prague Carrying Olympic Torch for Native Son.” Oklahoman.com. Oklahoman, December 9, 1995. [2].
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Prague, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  14. ^ "Prague Municipal Airport". AirNav. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  15. ^ [Al, Zagofsky. “A Visit to Jim Thorpe's Birthplace: Times News Online.” A visit to Jim Thorpe's birthplace – Times News Online, June 12, 2010. [3].
  16. ^ "The National Shrine of the Infant Jesus of Prague, Oklahoma". The National Shrine of the Infant Jesus of Prague, Oklahoma. 2007. Retrieved 9 February 2010.

External links[edit]