Logan County, Oklahoma
Logan County Courthouse, Guthrie, Oklahoma
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
|• Total||749 sq mi (1,940 km2)|
|• Land||744 sq mi (1,930 km2)|
|• Water||5.0 sq mi (13 km2) 0.7%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||56/sq mi (22/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Logan County is part of the Oklahoma City, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area. Guthrie served as the capital of Oklahoma Territory from 1890 until 1907 and of the state of Oklahoma from 1907 until 1910.
Following the Oklahoma Organic Act of 1890, which established the Oklahoma Territory, Logan County was designated as County One, of the six counties created out of Unassigned Lands. The town of Guthrie was designated as the county seat and the capital of Oklahoma Territory. The county was named on August 5, 1890 for U. S. Senator, John A. Logan, of Illinois.
The land in what became Logan County had been settled during the 1820s and 1830s by the Creek and Seminole tribes after the forced Indian Removal by the federal government from their traditional historic territories in the American Southeast. These tribes supported the Confederate States of America during the Civil War, in part based on the CSA promise of an American Indian state if they won. The United States required the tribes that supported the Confederacy to make new Reconstruction Treaties in 1866.
As part of the treaties, the US reduced the lands of these tribes, designating certain areas as Unassigned Lands. This 2 million-acre area was reserved for years after the war as potential reservation lands for the Plains tribes, who were mostly settled in other areas. Congress passed a law in 1889, after the Indian Wars, to open the land to non-Indian settlement under terms of the 1862 Homestead Act. The land rush (or run) took place on April 22, 1889, whereby people rushed to establish homestead plots.
The three easternmost townships were added to the county in 1891, after areas of the Sac and Fox lands were also opened to non-Indian settlement, following allotment of communal lands to individual tribal households under implementation of the Dawes Act. This law resulted in massive losses of Indian land. The US classified lands remaining after allotment as "surplus" and allowed them to be sold to non-Natives.
Before 1889, the Kansas Southern Railway (later the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) had built a line from the Kansas-Oklahoma border to Purcell in Indian Territory. Stations built in the present Logan County were Beaver Creek (now Mulhall, Oklahoma) and Deer Creek (now Guthrie). After the land run, Guthrie, Oklahoma developed into a center of trade for the county and region, connected by railroads to other markets.
The Denver, Enid and Gulf Railroad (later the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe) ran from Guthrie to Enid, Oklahoma. The Choctaw, Oklahoma and Western Railroad (later the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway) ran between Guthrie and Chandler, Oklahoma, while the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad ran east from Guthrie to Fallis, Oklahoma. From 1916 to 1944, the Oklahoma Railway Company interurban line ran between Guthrie and Oklahoma City.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 749 square miles (1,940 km2), of which 744 square miles (1,930 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (0.7%) is water. The county lies in the Red Bed Plains physiographic area. It is drained by the Cimarron River and the smaller streams Cottonwood Creek and Ephraim Creek.
- Interstate 35
- U.S. Highway 77
- State Highway 33
- State Highway 51
- State Highway 74
- State Highway 74C
- State Highway 105
- Garfield County (north)
- Noble County (north)
- Payne County (northeast)
- Lincoln County (east)
- Oklahoma County (south)
- Kingfisher County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,924 people, 12,389 households, and 8,994 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 13,906 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.6% White, 11.0% Black or African American, 2.9% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. 2.9% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,389 households, out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,784, and the median income for a family was $44,340. Males had a median income of $31,345 versus $22,677 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,872. About 8.7% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
In Presidential politics, Logan County has been a reliable Republican county. Since 1960, it has only voted twice for the Democratic candidate, in 1964 for Lyndon B. Johnson) (53-47%) and last in 1976 when it narrowly went for Jimmy Carter (50-48%). Barack Obama barely received over 1/4th of the vote in 2012. This was a poorer showing than George McGovern's 29% performance in 1972.
In U.S. Senatorial politics, since 1990, it has also voted Republican in every contest with the exception of David Boren's reelection in 1990, when he carried every county in Oklahoma.
- Edward P. McCabe
- During the early 1890s, noted lawman and gunman James Masterson served as a county Deputy Sheriff for Logan County.
- Angie Debo (1890 - 1988), historian
National Register of Historic Places
Sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Guthrie News-Leader "Serving Logan County since 1892"
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Linda D. Wilson, "Logan County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed April 4, 2015.
- "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." Chronicles of Oklahoma. v. 2, N, 1. March 1924 Archived 2017-08-14 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- "LAND RUN OF 1889.", The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009, Oklahoma Historical Society
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.