President of Afghanistan

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President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت جمهور رئیس
رئيس جمهور جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
National emblem of Afghanistan.svg
Standard of the President of Afghanistan.svg
President of Afghanistan, Dr. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on September 19, 2018 (cropped).JPG
Ashraf Ghani

since 29 September 2014
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
ResidencePresidential Citadel, Kabul, Afghanistan
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
Formation17 July 1973 (Republic)
7 December 2004 (Islamic Republic)
DeputyVice President of Afghanistan
Salary960,000 AFN per month[1]
WebsiteOffice of the President
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The president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is the head of state and head of government of Afghanistan. The incumbent office holder is Ashraf Ghani.

Before the office of the president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was created in 2004, Afghanistan has been an Islamic republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onward. Before 1973, it was a monarchy. Between 1992 and 2001, during the civil war, the country was recognized as the Islamic State of Afghanistan, and later the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.

Eligibility and selection process[edit]

Article 62 of the Constitution of Afghanistan of 2004 states that a candidate for the office of President:[2]


The Constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively small national bicameral national assembly, the Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and Meshrano Jirga (House of Elders). A president can only serve up to two five-year terms. Hamid Karzai started his first five-year term in 2004.[3] After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was elected as the next president.

Latest election[edit]

The presidential palace

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wadsam (1 June 2013). "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount".
  2. ^ "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Meshrano Jirga". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-07-15. The Meshrano Jirga of the National Assembly of Afghanistan consists of 102 members. Two-thirds were elected indirectly through Provincial Councils (one-third representing the Provincial Councils and one-third representing the District Councils) and one-third were appointed by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

External links[edit]