President of Afghanistan
|President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan|
|دافغانستان اسلامي امارت|
29 September 2014 – 15 August 2021
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Precursor||King of Afghanistan|
|First holder||Mohammed Daoud Khan|
|Final holder||Ashraf Ghani|
|Abolished||15 August 2021|
|Superseded by||Supreme Leader|
|Salary||Afs. 960,000 monthly|
(15 August 2021 archive)
The president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was constitutionally the head of state and head of government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–2021) and Commander-in-Chief of the Afghan Armed Forces.
On 15 August 2021, as the Taliban took over Kabul, President Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan and took refuge in the United Arab Emirates. After Ghani fled, the Taliban occupied the Arg presidential palace.
Eligibility and selection process
Article 62 of the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan stated that a candidate for the office of President had to:
- be a citizen of Afghanistan, Muslim, born of Afghan parents;
- not be a citizen of another country;
- be at least forty years old when declaring candidacy;
- not have been convicted of crimes against humanity, a criminal act or deprived of civil rights by a court;
- not have previously served more than two terms as president.
The 2004 Constitution granted the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral National Assembly, the House of the People (Wolesi Jirga) and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga). A president could only serve up to two five-year terms.
Hamid Karzai began his first five-year term in 2004. After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani was elected as the next Afghan president.
|Abdullah Abdullah||National Coalition||720,841||39.52|
|Gulbuddin Hekmatyar||Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin||70,241||3.85|
|Abdul Latif Pedram||National Congress Party||12,608||0.69|
|Mohammad Hakim Torsan||Independent||6,500||0.36|
|Ahmad Wali Massoud||Independent||3,942||0.22|
|Mohammad Shahab Hakimi||Independent||3,318||0.18|
|Ghulam Farooq Najrabi||Independent||1,608||0.09|
|Mohammad Hanif Atmar||Truth and Justice||1,567||0.09|
|Noor Rahman Lewal||Independent||855||0.05|
- ^ "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount". Wadsam. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
- ^ a b Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: Mishal Husain, Paul Adams, Malik Mudassir, Ben Wright, Jon Sopel (15 August 2021). Taliban seize power in Afghanistan as President flees country (Television production). London: BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2021 – via YouTube.
- ^ "President Ashraf Ghani leaves Afghanistan: Live". Al Jazeera. 15 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
- ^ "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Government of Afghanistan. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- ^ Gall, Carlotta (4 November 2004). "Election of Karzai Is Declared Official". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
- ^ "Ashraf Ghani sworn in as new Afghan president". BBC News. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2021.