President of Afghanistan

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President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت جمهور رئیس
رئيس جمهور جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Emblem of Afghanistan (2013–2021).svg
Standard of the President of Afghanistan.svg
StatusOffice abolished
ResidenceThe Arg, Kabul, Afghanistan (former)
Term length5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
Formation17 July 1973 (Republic)
7 December 2004 (Islamic Republic)
Final holderAshraf Ghani
Abolished15 August 2021
DeputyVice President of Afghanistan
Salary960,000 AFN per month[1]

The president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was constitutionally the head of state and head of government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–2021) and Commander-in-Chief of the Afghan Armed Forces.

During the 2021 Taliban offensive, President Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan to Tajikistan on 15 August 2021, precipitating the fall of the capital Kabul to the Taliban.[2][3] After Ghani fled, the Taliban occupied the Arg (the Presidential palace).[2] Two days later, former First Vice President Amrullah Saleh declared himself Acting President. That would never come to a statement of political recognition by any foreign government.[4]

Eligibility and selection process[edit]

Article 62 of the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan states that a candidate for the office of President:[5]


The 2004 Constitution grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral National Assembly, the House of the People (Wolesi Jirga) and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga). A president can only serve up to two five-year terms. Hamid Karzai began his first five-year term in 2004.[6] After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani was elected as the next Afghan president.[7]

List of presidents of Afghanistan[edit]

Latest election[edit]

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Ashraf GhaniAmrullah Saleh,
Sarwar Danish
Abdullah AbdullahEnayatullah Babur Farahmand,
Asadullah Sadati
National Coalition720,84139.52
Gulbuddin HekmatyarHezb-e Islami Gulbuddin70,2413.85
Rahmatullah NabilIndependent33,9191.86
Faramarz TamannaIndependent18,0630.99
Noorullah JaliliIndependent15,5190.85
Abdul Latif PedramNational Congress Party12,6080.69
Enayatullah HafizIndependent11,3750.62
Mohammad Hakim TorsanIndependent6,5000.36
Ahmad Wali MassoudIndependent3,9420.22
Mohammad Shahab HakimiIndependent3,3180.18
Ghulam Farooq NajrabiIndependent1,6080.09
Mohammad Hanif AtmarTruth and Justice1,5670.09
Noor Rahman LewalIndependent8550.05
Registered voters/turnout9,665,74518.87
Source: IEC
The Arg (the Presidential palace)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount". Wadsam. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b Mishal Husain, Paul Adams, Malik Mudassir, Ben Wright, Jon Sopel (15 August 2021). Taliban seize power in Afghanistan as President flees country (Television production). London: BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2021 – via YouTube.
  3. ^ "President Ashraf Ghani leaves Afghanistan: Live". Al Jazeera. August 15, 2021. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  4. ^ Landay, Jonathan; Macfie, Nick; Boyle, John (17 August 2021). "Afghan vice president says he is "caretaker" president". Reuters. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  5. ^ "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Government of Afghanistan. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  6. ^ Gall, Carlotta (November 4, 2004). "Election of Karzai Is Declared Official". The New York Times. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  7. ^ "Ashraf Ghani sworn in as new Afghan president". BBC News. 29 September 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2021.