President of the Community of Madrid

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President of the
Community of Madrid
Coat of Arms of the Community of Madrid.svg
Coat of arms of the Community of Madrid
(Pedro Rollán Ojeda) Premio “Mujer del Año” concedido por Madrid Diario (34678124742) 2017 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Pedro Rollán

since 11 April 2019
Acting since 11 April 2019
StyleExcelentisimo/a señor/a (The Most Excellent)
NominatorMadrid Assembly
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderJoaquín Leguina
Formation1983
Websitewww.madrid.org

The President of the Community of Madrid is the highest-ranking officer of the Autonomous Community of Madrid and the head of the Executive Branch. The office is currently held by Ángel Garrido of the People's Party.

Origins and election[edit]

The Royal Post Office is the current seat of the office of the President of Madrid

In the process of the democracy restoration in Spain between 1975–1978, the nationalist and regionalist parties pressed to grant home rule to parts of Spain. Finally, the Constitution stated that any province or group of provinces could form an autonomous community and thus be granted partial home rule. The Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spanish Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid) was created in 1982, and since then regional elections are held every 4 years.

The citizens of the Autonomous Communities of Spain do not elect a person for presidency of their community: but rather they elect the regional legislature, and that legislature elects the regional President. This system usually assures the government more stability because a candidate needs a majority (that is supposed to be loyal to him/her during the whole term) to be elected, but the top-voted party can be denied the right to form the government. This situation, though infrequent in nationwide elections, often happens in local/regional legislatures throughout Spain: the most usual coalition is between the Socialist Party (PSOE) and the United Left (IU).

In Madrid, such a coalition was formed in the 2nd term, in which the incumbent Socialist Joaquín Leguina obtained the most vote but not a majority,[1] once more in the 3rd term, allowing him to remain in office even after having obtained fewer votes than the People's Party (PP), and once more in the 6th term, by the PSOE candidate Rafael Simancas. However, this last coalition ultimately failed due to the dissidence of two PSOE Assembly Members, which denounced the pact with IU as being too wide and unrepresentative of the people's will due to the planned power balance. Elections were repeated after a few weeks and Partido Popular won, then by absolute majority.

Since then, the People's Party victories by absolute majority were repeated in 2007 and 2011's regional elections. After the resignation of President Esperanza Aguirre, nominally due to personal matters in late 2012, her deputy president Ignacio González González held the post. The People's Party obtained the most votes in 2015 but lost its absolute majority. Its candidate Cristina Cifuentes was invested President after an agreement with Citizens. She was replaced by her deputy Ángel Garrido when she resigned after evidence of both a fake Master's degree and petty shoplifting came out.

List of officeholders[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Party Government Legislature Monarch
(Reign)
Ref.
1 (Leguina) Felipe González recibe al presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid (cropped) (cropped).jpeg Joaquín Leguina
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1941)
14 June 1983

29 June 1995
12 years, 15 days Spanish Socialist
Workers' Party
Leguina I I
(1983)
Juan Carlos I
Juan Carlos I of Spain (2010) cropped.jpg
(1975–2014)
[2]
[3]
Leguina II II
(1987)
Leguina III III
(1991)
2 Ruiz Gallardón 2005.jpg Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1958)
29 June 1995

14 June 2003
Acting until 20 November 2003
8 years, 144 days People's Party Gallardón I IV
(1995)
[4]
[5]
Gallardón II V
(1999)
VI
(May 2003)
3 Esperanza Aguirre 2008b (cropped).jpg Esperanza Aguirre
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1952)
20 November 2003

17 September 2012
(resigned)[6]
8 years, 302 days People's Party Aguirre I VII
(Oct 2003)
[7]
[8]
Aguirre II VIII
(2007)
Aguirre III IX
(2011)
4 Ignacio González González (cropped).jpg Ignacio González
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1960)
26 September 2012
Acting since 17 September 2012

24 June 2015
2 years, 280 days People's Party González [9]
[10]
[11]
Felipe VI
(Felipe de Borbón) Inauguración de FITUR 2018 (39840659951) (cropped).jpg
(2014–present)
5 Cristina Cifuentes 2018c (cropped).jpg Cristina Cifuentes
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1964)
24 June 2015

25 April 2018
(resigned)[12]
2 years, 304 days People's Party Cifuentes X
(2015)
[13]
[14]
6 Ángel Garrido 2017 (cropped).jpg Ángel Garrido
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1964)
25 April 2018

11 April 2019
1 year, 79 days People's Party Garrido [15]
[16]
' (Pedro Rollán Ojeda) Premio “Mujer del Año” concedido por Madrid Diario (34678124742) 2017 (cropped).jpg Pedro Rollán
President of the Community of Madrid
(born 1969)
Acting since 11 April 2019

Incumbent
93 days People's Party Garrido

The 6th term scandal[edit]

In the May 2003 election, the ruling People's Party switched leadership: incumbent President Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón aimed for the office of Mayor of Madrid, which he successfully obtained with a safe majority, while the regional list was headed by Senator and ex-Minister Esperanza Aguirre. The election was strongly contested and in the end the PP won but fell some 25,000 votes short of a majority, with 55 out of 111 seats. The other two forces in the newly elected Assembly, the PSOE (47 seats) and IU (9), both leaning left, started negotiations and in the end agreed to a coalition government, which included the election of a favorable President of the Assembly (i.e. Speaker) and Bureau. As part of the deal, Socialists would control the majority of the government, but a disproportionate amount of the budget would be under the responsibility of IU regional ministers. This sparked criticism from some sectors in the Socialist party, but then-leader Rafael Simancas dismissed them as moot, saying "it was time for a government of the left in Madrid".

The defection of two AMs deadlocked the Madrid Assembly throughout the 6th term and prevented the election of Socialist leader Rafael Simancas as President of Madrid

In what became known as the Tamayazo, two PSOE deputies however refused to back the planned pact with IU with the result that no President could be elected. Most leftwing politicians and a significant fraction of the media accused the two opponents of being bribed by construction interests close to the PP. Fresh elections were then held where the PP won an absolute majority.

References[edit]

  1. ^ In fact, even the PSOE-IU coalition was in the minority (47 seats) against the centre-right parties PP and CDS (49), which however could not reach an agreement to rule. Once they did, a situation similar to the 6th term scandal arose, depriving those parties of the majority and allowing President Leguina to continue his minority government.
  2. ^ "Real Decreto 1620/1983, de 14 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Joaquín Leguina Herrán" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (142): 16704. 15 June 1983. ISSN 0212-033X.
  3. ^ "Real Decreto 1097/1995, de 29 de junio, por el que se declara el cese de don Joaquín Leguina Herrán, como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (155): 19820. 30 June 1995. ISSN 0212-033X.
  4. ^ "Real Decreto 1098/1995, de 29 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid a don Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (155): 19820. 30 June 1995. ISSN 0212-033X.
  5. ^ "Real Decreto 1426/2003, de 20 de noviembre, por el que se declara el cese de don Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (279): 41280. 21 November 2003. ISSN 0212-033X.
  6. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre dimite". El País (in Spanish). 17 September 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Real Decreto 1427/2003, de 20 de noviembre, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (279): 41280. 21 November 2003. ISSN 0212-033X.
  8. ^ "Real Decreto 1360/2012, de 26 de septiembre, por el que se declara el cese de doña Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma como Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (233): 68729. 27 September 2012. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ "Ignacio González asume la presidencia en funciones de la Comunidad de Madrid". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 17 September 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 1361/2012, de 26 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Jaime Ignacio González González" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (233): 68730. 27 September 2012. ISSN 0212-033X.
  11. ^ "Real Decreto 532/2015, de 24 de junio, por el que se declara el cese de don Jaime Ignacio González González como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (151): 52630. 25 June 2015. ISSN 0212-033X.
  12. ^ "Cristina Cifuentes dimite como presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 25 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Real Decreto 533/2015, de 24 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Cristina Cifuentes Cuencas" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (151): 52631. 25 June 2015. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "Real Decreto 234/2018, de 27 de abril, por el que se declara el cese de doña Cristina Cifuentes Cuencas como Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (103): 46605. 28 April 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
  15. ^ "El portavoz Ángel Garrido asume la presidencia de la Comunidad de Madrid en funciones". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 25 April 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  16. ^ "Real Decreto 329/2018, de 18 de mayo, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Ángel Garrido García" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (122): 52610. 19 May 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.