Psycho II (film)

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Psycho II
Psycho ii.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRichard Franklin
Produced by
Written byTom Holland
Based onCharacters created
by Robert Bloch[1]
Starring
Music byJerry Goldsmith
CinematographyDean Cundey
Edited byAndrew London
Production
companies
Distributed byUniversal Pictures[2]
Release date
  • June 3, 1983 (1983-06-03)
Running time
113 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$5 million[4]
Box office$34.7 million[5]

Psycho II is a 1983 American slasher film directed by Richard Franklin, written by Tom Holland, and starring Anthony Perkins, Vera Miles, Robert Loggia, and Meg Tilly. It is the first sequel to Alfred Hitchcock's 1960 film Psycho and the second film in the Psycho franchise. Set 22 years after the first film, it follows Norman Bates after he is released from the mental institution and returns to the house and Bates Motel to continue a normal life. However, his troubled past continues to haunt him as someone begins to murder the people around him. The film is unrelated to the 1982 novel Psycho II by Robert Bloch, which he wrote as a sequel to his original 1959 novel Psycho.

In preparing the film, Universal hired Holland to write an entirely different screenplay, while Australian director Franklin, a one-time student of Hitchcock, was hired to direct. The film marked Franklins' American feature film debut.[2]

Psycho II was released on June 3, 1983, and grossed $34.7 million at the box office on a budget of $5 million.[5] It received mixed-to-positive reviews from film critics. The film was followed by Psycho III (1986).

Plot[edit]

22 years after his murder spree, Norman Bates has been cured of his insanity, accepted that his mother is dead, and is released from a mental institution by the court. Marion Crane's sister Lila, the widow of Marion's former lover Sam Loomis, vehemently protests Norman's release, but her plea is dismissed. Against the advice of Dr. Bill Raymond, Norman takes up residence in his old home behind the Bates Motel. He reports to a prearranged job at a nearby diner, where an old lady named Emma Spool works. After work, a young waitress at the diner, Mary Samuels, has been thrown out of her boyfriend's place. Norman offers to let her stay at the motel, then extends the offer to his home when he discovers that the motel's new manager, Warren Toomey, has been using the motel to deal drugs. He immediately fires Toomey.

Norman's assimilation into society appears to be going well until he begins to receive mysterious phone calls and notes from "Mother" at the house and diner. During a work shift, a drunk Toomey picks a fight with Norman, who suspects him of leaving the messages. Shortly after, a figure in a black dress stabs Toomey to death as he is packing to leave the motel. Becoming increasingly sympathetic to and impressed by Norman's fight to keep his sanity, Mary takes up permanent residence in a guest room at his house.

While Norman is renovating the motel, he hears voices in the house, and enters his mother's bedroom to find it exactly as it was 22 years ago. A sound lures him to the attic, where he is locked in. Meanwhile, a teenage couple sneaks in through the cellar window to have sex. They notice a female figure pacing in the next room. As they try to climb out, the boy is stabbed to death. The girl escapes and alerts police. Mary finds Norman in the attic and he shows her his mother's bedroom, only to find it back to its state of disuse. The sheriff arrives and questions them about the boy's murder. Mary claims they were out walking together at the time. After the sheriff leaves, Norman rebukes her for lying. He fears he may have killed the boy, since Mary told him the attic was unlocked when she found him.

That evening, Mary and Norman find a bloody rag stuffed in the toilet. Norman is horrified, believing he has committed another murder, but Mary insists he is innocent. Mary goes down to check the motel. In the parlor she is surprised by Lila, her mother; Lila and Mary have in fact been making the phone calls and notes, even posing at the window dressed as Norman's mother. Mary altered his mother's bedroom and locked Norman in the attic so she could change it back. All of this was an attempt to drive Norman insane again and have him recommitted. However, Mary's growing friendship with Norman has convinced her he is no longer capable of killing. She suspects someone else is in the house, pointing out that Norman was locked in the attic at the time of the boy's death.

Later, Norman becomes too terrified to leave his room, saying he saw his real mother in the house. Mary admits to Norman that his sanity is beginning to erode and stays to comfort him.

Dr. Raymond discovers Mary's identity as Lila's daughter and tells Norman that the two of them must be the ones harassing him. He also has the corpse of Norman's mother exhumed, to prove Norman is not being haunted by his mother. Norman is only partially convinced, saying the one behind everything must be his "real mother", despite there being no record of him being adopted. Norman confronts Mary with what Dr. Raymond told him. She says that she has given up her part in Lila's ruse, but Lila will not stop.

While Lila is retrieving her "Mother" costume from the cellar, a figure steps out of the shadows and murders her. Meanwhile, the police dredge the swamp and find a car with Toomey's body in the trunk. Mary runs to the house to try to convince Norman to flee. Norman answers the phone and starts speaking to "Mother". Mary listens in; nobody is on the line with Norman. While Norman debates with "Mother" about her command to kill Mary, she runs into the cellar and dresses up as Mother, complete with butcher knife, in an unsuccessful bid to get Norman to "hang up". Dr. Raymond grabs her from behind, thinking he has caught her in the act of trying to drive Norman insane, and in her fright Mary plunges the butcher knife into his heart.

Confronted by the sight of "Mother" standing over Dr. Raymond's bloody corpse, Norman's sanity finally snaps and he advances upon Mary, babbling. Mary backs into the fruit cellar and stumbles upon Lila's body, buried in a pile of coal. Assuming Norman is responsible, Mary raises her knife to kill him but is shot dead by the incoming police. The ensuing investigation is inconclusive, but in light of an overheard argument between Mary and Lila, Mary's attempt to kill Norman, and her dressing as his mother, the police determine Mary most likely committed all the murders.

Later, Emma visits Norman and informs him that she is his real mother, and that Mrs. Bates was her sister, who adopted Norman as an infant while Emma was institutionalized. She reveals that she was the real murderer, having killed anybody who tried to harm her son. In response, Norman strikes her in the head with a shovel, killing her. He then carries the body upstairs to Mother's room, and begins talking to himself in her voice, signifying that Norman's “Mother” personality has once again taken control of his mind.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Screenplay[edit]

In 1982, author Robert Bloch published his novel Psycho II, which satirized Hollywood slasher films. Concerned by this, Universal decided to make their own version that differed from Bloch's work.[6] Australian director Richard Franklin, who was Hitchcock's student[7][8] and even visited him on the set of Topaz,[9] was hired to direct Psycho II. Universal hired writer Tom Holland to write the screenplay.[10]

Hilton A. Green, assistant director of the original Psycho, was contacted and asked if he wanted to produce the film. Green, fearing that Hitchcock may not have approved of sequels to his films, called Hitchcock's daughter Patricia Hitchcock and asked what she thought of the film.[11] Patricia Hitchcock gave her blessing to the film; saying that her father would have loved it.[11]

Originally, the film was intended as a made-for-cable production.[12] Anthony Perkins originally turned down the offer to reprise the role of Norman Bates, but when he read the script he agreed to do the film.[13] Perkins said, "When I received Tom Holland's script, I liked it very much. It was really Norman's story..."[13] Before landing Perkins, the studio was exploring recasting the part and Christopher Walken was among those considered.[7]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography of Psycho II took place at Universal Studios in Universal City, California on Soundstage 24 from June 30–August 13, 1982.[12] The Bates house set was still standing from 1960, but the motel had to be reconstructed.[12] Similarly to the original film, it was mostly shot on the Universal backlot and in a number of sound stages.[14] Several props and set pieces from the original film were found by set designers John W. Corso and Julie Fletcher, including two Tiffany lamps, the stuffed owl and raven, the brass hands seen in Mrs. Bates's bedroom, the bedroom fireplace, the Victorian bed and armoire, and the 40-foot-long threadbare runner for the staircase.[10] The exterior of the house featured in the original film was relocated to a different section of the Universal Studios lot for the production.[10] The town of Fairvale (seen when Lila Loomis is tailed by Dr. Raymond) is actually Courthouse Square, which is probably best known for its appearance in Back to the Future (1985), located on the Universal Studios backlot.

Both Franklin and Holland wanted the film to be a tribute to Alfred Hitchcock and the original film.[citation needed] To accomplish this, they added various in-jokes such as the scene when Mary and Norman first go into Norman's mother's room, before they turn the lights on, Alfred Hitchcock's silhouette is visible on the wall to the far right. Franklin also repeated various shots from the original film such as the shot where Norman walks into the kitchen and sets his jacket down on the chair. The final pages of the shooting script were not distributed to cast and crew until the last day of filming.[citation needed]

The last shot of the film with Norman standing in front of the house was used as a Christmas card for various crew members.[citation needed] When Universal presented concept art for the one sheet film poster, director Franklin was not pleased with it.[citation needed] It was editor Andrew London who came up with the idea of using the Christmas card photo as the film poster and also came up with the tagline: It's 22 years later and Norman Bates is coming home.[citation needed]

Reflecting on the shoot, Franklin recalled Perkins as being "very generous" on-set, and praised Miles as a "powerhouse" and "one of the most forceful" actors he had worked with.[15]

Music[edit]

Composer John Williams was considered to do the score for the film, but it was decided to go with composer Jerry Goldsmith. Goldsmith was a long-time friend of original film composer Bernard Herrmann. On some film assignments Goldsmith would discover that the director had used some of Herrmann's music from other films as temporary soundtracks. Goldsmith would often joke when he discovered this ("Not Benny again!");[16] when he conducted a rerecording of "The Murder" for the opening of Psycho II he suggested that Herrmann "must be rolling over in his grave".[17]

Goldsmith had written a theme for Norman Bates that was rejected but used for the second segment of Twilight Zone: The Movie.[18]

MCA Records released a 30-minute album on LP and cassette; in 2014 Intrada issued the complete score.

Psycho II
Studio album
Released1983
GenreFilm score
Length
  • 30:24 (original release)
  • 74:10 (2014 reissue)
LabelMCA/Universal
Alternative cover
MCA track listing (1983; MCA-6119)
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."The Murder"Bernard Herrmann0:51
2."Main Title" 1:37
3."Don't Take Me" 4:48
4."Mother's Room" 4:01
5."It's Not Your Mother" 5:11
6."New Furniture" 2:04
7."The Cellar" 4:02
8."Blood Bath" 3:37
9."End Title" 4:13
Intrada track listing (2014)
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."The Murder"Bernard Herrmann0:59
2."Main Title" 1:39
3."The House" 1:51
4."Mother's Hand" 1:54
5."Old Weapons" 0:41
6."Cheese Sandwich" 0:31
7."Mother's Room" (previously titled "New Furniture") 2:05
8."Out to Lunch" 2:00
9."No Note" 1:05
10."The Peep Hole" 1:47
11."Toomey's Death" 1:11
12."Peep Hole #2" 0:55
13."Mother's Room #2" (previously titled "Mother's Room") 4:28
14."Basement Killing" 1:18
15."New Furniture" 0:44
16."It's Starting Again" 0:40
17."A Night Cap" 1:08
18."Blood Bath" 4:01
19."Don't Take Me" 5:39
20."She's Not Dead" 1:16
21."Hello Mother" 2:52
22."The Cellar" 4:48
23."It's Not Your Mother" 5:11
24."Expected Guest" 2:44
25."End Title" (revised) 4:18
26."Sonata #14 (Moonlight), Op. 27, No. 2 – 1st Mvt"Ludwig van Beethoven1:51
27."Sonata #8 (Pathetique), Op. 13 – 2nd Mvt"Beethoven1:04
28."Peep Hole #2" (original) 0:56
29."Mother's Room #2" (alternate no. 1) 4:28
30."Mother's Room #2" (alternate no. 2) 4:28
31."End Title" (original) 4:18
Total length:74:10

Release[edit]

When the film opened on June 3, 1983, it earned $8,310,244 in its opening weekend at No. 2 (behind Return of the Jedi) and went on to gross over $34 million.[5]

Critical reception[edit]

Contemporaneous[edit]

Variety deemed the film "an impressive, 23-years-after followup to Alfred Hitchcock's 1960 suspense classic".[19] Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote that the film "has all of the characteristics of a conventional sequel to Hitchcock's 1960 classic but, as you watch it, you may feel as if you're seeing a couple of precocious film students play with artifacts found in the Hitchcock mausoleum".[20] Gary Arnold, writing for The Washington Post, was even less laudatory, referring to the film as "a travesty masquerading as a sequel...if Franklin had any respect for the source material, he might feel a little protective and avoid outrages as conceptually, as well as literally, nasty as the treatment of Vera Miles' character. Psycho II transforms her once sympathetic, heroic supporting role into a hateful bit part and then kills her off with a revoltingly obscene flourish. Has movie storytelling broken down this grotesquely in 23 years?"[21]

A review published in the Detroit Free Press praised the film as "jumpy fun" and "another cult film in the making".[22]

Christopher John reviewed Psycho II in Ares Magazine #15 and commented that "the real importance of Psycho II rests in its originality. Refusing to be just a blood-letting free-for-all, the picture goes to great lengths to create an entirely new story."[23]

Retrospective[edit]

Film scholar John Kenneth Muir praised the film's depiction of Bates in "human, realistic terms",[24] deeming it "admirably frank and sincere" and "a great film on its own merits".[1] In Empire, film critic Kim Newman gave the film three out of five stars, calling Psycho II "a smart, darkly-comic thriller with some imaginative twists", writing, "The wittiest dark joke is that the entire world wants Norman to be mad, and 'normality' can only be restored if he's got a mummified mother in the window and is ready to kill again".[25]

The "underrated" reputation of the film led to a YouTube retrospective documentary, Sympathy for the Devil: Revisiting Psycho II, featuring screenwriter Tom Holland.

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, it holds a 60% approval rating and an average rating of 5.50/10 based on 35 reviews. The site's consensus states; "Although it can't hold a cleaver to the classic original, Psycho II succeeds well enough on its own merits to satisfy horror fans."[26] Film critic Roger Ebert wrote that, while the film sustained the suspenseful atmosphere of the original and is better than the average slasher film, the film was too heavy on the plot and was too willing to cheat about its plot to be successful.[27]

Home media[edit]

Psycho II has been released five times on DVD. The initial release came in 1999 when Universal Pictures leased the film out to GoodTimes Home Video in a 1.33:1 open matte transfer.[28] The second release came in 2005 from Universal itself.[29] The third release came in 2007 as part of a triple feature package with Psycho III and Psycho IV: The Beginning.[30] Shout Factory, under their Scream Factory logo, released Psycho II on DVD & Blu-Ray on September 24, 2013 under their "Collector's Edition" line-up.

On May 8, 2013, RiffTrax released a VOD commentary on the film.[31] On September 2, 2014, Universal released Psycho II, Psycho III, Psycho IV: The Beginning and the 1987 TV-movie Bates Motel on DVD as part of its "4-Movie Midnight Marathon Pack".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Muir 2012, p. 347.
  2. ^ a b c d "Psycho II". American Film Institute. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  3. ^ "PSYCHO II (18)". United International Pictures. British Board of Film Classification. April 29, 1983. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  4. ^ "Psycho II". The Psycho Movies. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Psycho II". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
  6. ^ "Interviews - From Psycho to Asylum: The Horror Films of Robert Bloch". The Unofficial Robert Bloch Website. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Rabin, Nathan (November 22, 2013). "Norman Bates' long second life began with Psycho II's unexpected success". The Dissolve. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  8. ^ Darrach, Brad (June 13, 1983). "Return of Psycho". People. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  9. ^ O'Regan 1996, p. 215.
  10. ^ a b c Psycho II Press Kit (PDF). Universal News (Media notes). Universal Studios. April 8, 1983 – via Internet Archive. Free to read
  11. ^ a b Kurland, Daniel (June 6, 2016). "33 Years Later, 'Psycho II' is Still the Misunderstood Classic That Demands Your Attention". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c "A Boy's Best Friend - Psycho 2". Retroslashers.net. Archived from the original on 2013-01-12. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  13. ^ a b McCarty 1990, pp. 67–69.
  14. ^ McCarty 1990, p. 67.
  15. ^ Muir 2012, p. 351.
  16. ^ Filmtracks.com
  17. ^ Jeff Bond, liner notes, Psycho II soundtrack album, Intrada Special Collection #273.
  18. ^ The Psycho Legacy
  19. ^ Variety Staff (December 31, 1982). "Psycho II". Variety. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  20. ^ Canby, Vincent (June 3, 1983). "SEQUEL TO 'PSYCHO'". The New York Times. p. C14. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
  21. ^ Arnold, Gary (June 7, 1983). "'Psycho II': A Travesty Masquerading as a Sequel". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
  22. ^ Kart, Larry. "Psycho II is full of creepy fun". Detroit Free Press. Detroit, Michigan. p. 56 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  23. ^ John, Christopher (Fall 1983). "Film". Ares Magazine. TSR, Inc. (15): 13.
  24. ^ Muir 2012, p. 349.
  25. ^ "Empire's Psycho II Movie Review". Empireonline.com. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  26. ^ "Psycho II (1983)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  27. ^ Ebert, Roger (June 6, 1983). "Psycho II". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  28. ^ "Psycho II (DVD)". dvdempire.com. Retrieved 2011-04-17.
  29. ^ "Psycho II (DVD)". dvdempire.com. Retrieved 2011-04-17.
  30. ^ "Psycho II / Psycho III / Psycho IV: The Beginning (Triple Feature)". dvdempire.com. Retrieved 2011-04-17.
  31. ^ Rifftrax.com

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]