Ashy-headed flying fox

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Ashy-headed flying fox
Pteropus caniceps.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Pteropus
P. caniceps
Binomial name
Pteropus caniceps
Gray, 1870
Ashy-headed Flying Fox area.png
Ashy-headed flying fox range

The ashy-headed flying fox or North Moluccan flying fox (Pteropus caniceps) is a species of bat in the family Pteropodidae. It is endemic to Indonesia.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was described as a new species in 1870 by British zoologist John Edward Gray. The holotype had been collected on the Bacan Islands by Alfred Russel Wallace.[2] Its species name "caniceps" means "gray-headed" from Latin canus (gray) and -ceps (headed). This species has two subspecies:


Its forearm is 139–141 mm (5.5–5.6 in) long.[4]

Range and habitat[edit]

This species is endemic to Indonesia. It has been found at elevations up to 1,630 m (5,350 ft) above sea level.[1]


As of 2016, it is assessed as a vulnerable species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this assessment because its population decline has been at least 30% from 1992–2016. Additionally, it is experiencing habitat fragmentation, and it is losing habitat due to logging and mining activities.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Tsang, S.M. (2016). "Pteropus caniceps". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T18719A22079034.
  2. ^ Gray, J. E. (1870). Catalogue of monkeys, lemurs, and fruit-eating bats in the collection of the British Museum. Order of the Trustees. p. 107.
  3. ^ "North Moluccan Flying Fox". Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Flannery, T. F. (1995). Mammals of the south-west Pacific & Moluccan Islands. Cornell University Press. p. 184. ISBN 0801431506.