Palawan fruit bat
|Palawan fruit bat|
|Palawan fruit bat range|
The Palawan fruit bat (Acerodon leucotis), also known as the Palawan flying fox, is a species of megabat found in forests of Palawan, Balabac and Busuanga in the Philippines. It is listed as vulnerable by the IUCN and is declining due to hunting and habitat loss.
The Palawan fruit bats have a head-and-body length of 22–25 cm (8.7–9.8 in), with a forearm length of 13–16.5 cm (5.1–6.5 in). They lack a tail. The fur and wings are brown; the latter sometimes mottled with paler splotches.
Behavior and ecology
Like almost all megabats, the Palawan fruit bat is nocturnal. Unlike many of its relatives, this species does not form large, conspicuous roosts. It likely feeds on fruits such as figs. It can reach an age of at least 5 years.
This species has been listed on Appendix II of CITES since 1990 and is considered vulnerable by the IUCN. The major threats are hunting and habitat loss. It is expected that much of its remaining forest habitat will be converted into plantations in the future. Since it does not form large colonies and roosting sites are inconspicuous, it has proven hard to find appropriate survey methods for precisely determining its status, but it is believed to have declined by more than 30% over the last 15 years.
- Ong, P.; Rosell-Ambal, G.; Tabaranza, B.; Esselstyn, J.; Widmann, P.; Heaney, L. & Cariño, A.B. (2008). "Acerodon leucotis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T140A13033441. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T140A13033441.en. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 312–529. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Heaney et al. (2010). Acerodon leucotis. Synopsis of Philippine Mammals. Field Museum of Natural History.
- Welbergen, Justin. "Brief History of Megachiroptera." Archived 2007-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. Department of Zoology. Behavioural Ecology Group. Web. 1 December 2011.