|• Pinyin||ānlè dǎo|
|• Malay||Pulau Senang|
|• Tamil||புலாவ் செனாங்|
Pulau Senang is an 81.7-hectare coral island in the Republic of Singapore, about 13 kilometres off the southern coast of Singapore Island. Along with Pulau Pawai and Pulau Sudong, it is used as a military training area for live-fire exercises. Pulau Senang is best known in the history of Singapore as a penal settlement experiment that failed after only three years, when a riot against the guards broke out in 1963, killing three officers.
Pulau Senang is Malay for "island of ease".
The settlement started on 18 May 1960, when 50 detainees arrived with Superintendent Daniel Dutton. Over the next three years, the number of detainees rose to 320, and they transformed the island into an attractive settlement.
Believing that through hard work, the detainees could be reformed, Dutton removed arms from the guards. On 12 July 1963, a group of some 70 to 90 detainees rioted and burned down most of the buildings. They hacked Dutton to death and killed two other officers. 58 people were accused of rioting and murdering Dutton and officers Arumugan Veerasingham and Tan Kok Hian.
Because of the large number of the accused, a special dock had to be constructed for them. The case went to trial on 18 November and lasted an unprecedented 64 days. On 12 March 1964, the seven-member jury found 18 of the accused guilty of murder, 18 guilty of rioting with deadly weapons and 11 guilty of rioting. The remaining 11 accused were acquitted. Those found guilty of murder were sentenced to death, while those found guilty of rioting with deadly weapons were sentenced to three years of imprisonment; the rest to two years of imprisonment.
Most of those involved in the rioting were members of secret societies who were detained without trial and had no hope of leaving the island. As a result of the riots, the penal experiment came to an abrupt end.
From 1986, the island together with Pulau Sudong and Pulau Pawai, these three islands formed the Singapore Armed Forces Southern Islands Live Firing Area. RSAF is also conducting military exercises and they also have a runway for planes to fly and attack along Pulau Sudong and Pulau Pawai, it is a restricted area when live firing takes place.
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2004), Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern University Press, ISBN 981-210-364-3
- Tommy Koh et al. (2006), Singapore: The Encyclopedia, Editions Didier Millet and National Heritage Board, ISBN 981-4155-63-2