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Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania

Coordinates: 40°56′44″N 78°58′31″W / 40.94556°N 78.97528°W / 40.94556; -78.97528
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
Punkwsutènay (Unami)
Downtown Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
Downtown Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
"Weather Capital of the World," "Punxsy"
Location of Punxsutawney in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Punxsutawney in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.
Punxsutawney is located in Pennsylvania
Punxsutawney is located in the United States
Coordinates: 40°56′44″N 78°58′31″W / 40.94556°N 78.97528°W / 40.94556; -78.97528
CountryUnited States
 • TypeBorough Council
 • MayorRichard Alexander (R)
 • Total3.43 sq mi (8.88 km2)
 • Land3.37 sq mi (8.72 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.17 km2)
1,230 ft (370 m)
 • Total5,769
 • Density1,713.90/sq mi (661.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip Code
Area code(s)814
FIPS code42-62920
WebsiteBorough website

Punxsutawney (/ˌpʌŋksəˈtɔːni/; Lenape: Punkwsutènay[3]) is a borough in southern Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, United States. Punxsutawney is known for its annual Groundhog Day celebration held each February 2, during which thousands of attendees and international media outlets visit the town for an annual weather prediction by the groundhog Punxsutawney Phil. The actual prediction location, Gobbler's Knob, is in adjacent Young Township.[4][5]

The borough, located 84 miles (135 km) northeast of Pittsburgh and 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Altoona, was incorporated in 1850.[6] With a population of 5,962 in 2010,[7] Punxsutawney is the largest incorporated municipality in Jefferson County.


Shawnee wigwam villages once occupied this site on the Mahoning Creek. The first settlement that included non-indigenous people was established in 1772, when Reverend John Ettwein, a Moravian Church missionary, arrived with a band of 241 christianized Lenape.[8][9] Swarms of gnats plagued early settlers and their livestock for years, and are blamed for Ettwein's failure to establish a permanent settlement there.[8] The clouds of biting gnats eventually drove the indigenous people away.[10][11]

The indigenous people called the insects ponkies (living dust and ashes), and called their village Ponkis Utenink (land of the ponkies), from which the present name Punxsutawney evolved. One legend about the origin of the term ponkies concerned an old indigenous sorcerer-hermit who was said to have long terrorized indigenous people in the region. Eventually he was killed, his body burned, and his ashes were cast to the wind. According to the story, the ashes were transformed into minute living things that infested the swamp land.[10][11] Another story about the source of the term asserted that the indigenous people compared the insect bites to burns caused by sparks or hot ashes.[8]

The area was originally settled by the Lenape Indian tribe, and a more definitive source says the name Punxsutawney derives from a Native name in the Lenape language, Unami: Punkwsutènay, which translates to "town of the sandflies" or "town of the mosquitoes" (punkwës- 'mosquito' + -utènay 'town').[3] Alternatively, the name is said to come from another Unami term, Put'schisk'tey, which means "poison vine."[12] The Shawnee and Delaware left Pennsylvania and had settled in Ohio by the end of the American Revolution.[9]

The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) Keystone Marker lists that Punxsutawney was founded in 1818. In 1840 it was reported that Punxsutawney was a village of about 15 or 20 dwellings.[11] Settlers drawn by lumbering and coal mining eventually drained the swamps and exterminated the insects.[8] The Borough of Punxsutawney was incorporated in 1850,[6] and had a population of 256 at that time.[8]

In 1907, the Punxsutawney and Claysville boroughs were consolidated and incorporated as Greater Punxsutawney, resulting in a combined population of 9,058 in 1910. A high-grade bituminous soft coal was mined in the surrounding region. Shortly after 1850, mining was being supplanted by factories which included brickworks, glassworks, tanneries, foundries, ironworks, machine shops, and wood planing, flour, feed, and silk mills. By the 1930s these were mostly gone, and townspeople were dependent largely on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad repair shops north of town, and a meat packing plant, in addition to the remaining coal mining and batteries of beehive coke ovens.[8]

In 1900, 6,746 people lived in Punxsutawney before the consolidation with Claysville. After consolidation, the population in 1910 was 9,058; in 1920, 10,311; in 1930, 9,266; prewar in 1940, 9,482; and postwar in 1950, 8,969 people lived there. The population was 5,962 at the 2010 census.

A groundhog known as Punxsutawney Phil is kept in nearby Young Township, and is said to predict the weather annually on Groundhog Day, February 2. The event provided the premise for the 1993 film Groundhog Day, although nearly all of the film was shot in Woodstock, Illinois.

The T. M. Kurtz House, Jefferson Theater, Christian Miller House, and United States Post Office-Punxsutawney are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[13]


Punxsutawney is located at 40°56′44″N 78°58′31″W / 40.94556°N 78.97528°W / 40.94556; -78.97528 (40.945454, -78.975175),[14] roughly 80 miles northeast of Pittsburgh and 150 miles southeast of Erie. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2). One small river, Mahoning Creek, winds through the town. It is bordered on the north, west, and south by Young Township, and on the east by Bell Township.

Climate data for Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 33.1
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 16.2
Record low °F (°C) −27
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.18
Average snowfall inches (cm) 14.2
Source: [15][16]


Historical population

In the 2010 census,[7] there were 5,962 people, 2,573 households and 1,602 families in the borough. The population density was 1,836.2 inhabitants per square mile (709.0/km2). There were 3,042 housing units at an average density of 890.7 per square mile (343.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 2,749 households, out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the borough, the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 80.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $33,054. Men had a median income of $28,958 versus $19,076 for women. The per capita income for the borough was $14,802. About 13.3% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.


Punxsutawney is governed by seven council members, each elected to a four-year term. The members are: Michele Lorenzo - president, Justin Cameron - vice-president, James Bianco, William Williams, Dan Gordon, Lawrence Chenoga, and Cynthia Rebuck.

The mayor, Richard Alexander, is elected to a four-year term, and in addition to other duties, has oversight of its police department. Other elected offices include one tax collector (four-year term) and six constables (four-year terms). The borough manager position, held by Robert Santik, is the borough's chief administrative officer and reports to borough council.

Punxsutawney is the most populous incorporated municipality in Jefferson County.


The Punxsutawney Area School District serves the borough of Punxsutawney and the surrounding area for K-12 education. After consolidating six elementary schools as of the 2018-2019 school year, the district now operates two schools. The Punxsutawney Area Elementary School is a K-6 building. The Punxsutawney Area High School serves students in grades 7-12.[19] Students may also attend Jefferson County-DuBois Area Vocational Technical School in nearby Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania.

Punxsutawney Christian School and SS. Cosmas & Damian School (SSCD) are two private schools in Punxsutawney.[20][21]

The Indiana University of Pennsylvania (IUP) maintains a satellite branch in Punxsutawney, including a respected culinary school.[22]

Emergency services[edit]

The Borough of Punxsutawney employs a full-time police service made up of 12 police officers. Dispatchers and wardens are employed by the borough and work closely with police. The police station is staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, by both police officers and wardens.

The Punxsutawney Fire Department is made up of three volunteer stations, The Central Fire Dept. (Jefferson County Station 20), Elk Run Volunteer Fire Company (Jefferson County Station 30), and Lindsey Fire Company (Jefferson County Station 40). The president of the Punxsutawney Fire Department is Tami McFarland. The Fire Department Chief is Brian Smith.

In addition to department officers, each station elects its own officers. Scott Depp is the chief of Central Fire Dept., Doug McAfoos the chief of Elk Run VFC, and Joe DeFelice, Jr. the chief of Lindsey Fire Co. The fire department responds to fires, vehicle accidents, hazardous materials incidents, and rescue situations in the borough of Punxsutawney, Bell Township, and Young Township. The Punxsutawney Fire Department maintains an active water rescue team comprising scuba divers and a boat crew.

Jefferson County EMS operates the ambulance station in Punxsutawney. Station 50 is a full advanced life support service comprising paramedics and emergency medical technicians. Station 50 serves not only the borough of Punxsutawney, but also Southern Jefferson County and parts of Northern Indiana County.


Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  2. ^ "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 12, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Punxsutawney (lit: mosquito town)". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2022-07-22. From punkwës- = mosquito plus -utènay = town
  4. ^ Danahy, Anne; Wamsley, Laurel (February 2018). "Groundhog Day: Punxsutawney Phil Predicts 6 More Weeks Of Winter". NPR.org. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  5. ^ "Groundhog Day: Punxsutawney Phil doesn't see shadow, predicts early sprin". The Jerusalem Post | Jpost.com. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  6. ^ a b "The Borough of Punxsutawney". Retrieved Oct 24, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Pennsylvania: A Guide to the Keystone State (Illustrated). Oxford University Press, 1940. University of Pennsylvania, Federal Works Agency. p. 568. Google Books.
  9. ^ a b The WPA Guide to Pennsylvania: The Keystone State. Trinity University Press, 2013. p. 568. Google Books, & Amazon Kindle.
  10. ^ a b McKnight, William J., M.D. A Pioneer History of Jefferson County, Pennsylvania. J.B. Lippincott Company, 1898. Chapter: Sunday, July 19th. p. 235. Google Books.
  11. ^ a b c McKnight, William James. A Pioneer Outline History of Northwestern Pennsylvania (Illustrated). J.B. Lippincott Company, 1905. Donation Lands. Google Books.
  12. ^ Brinton, Daniel G., C.F. Denke, and Albert Anthony. A Lenâpé - English Dictionary. Biblio Bazaar, 2009. ISBN 978-1103149223, p. 121.
  13. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ "Zipcode 15767". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  16. ^ "Climate in Zip 15767 (Punxsutawney, PA)". www.bestplaces.net. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  19. ^ McClure, Bridget. "Punxsutawney School Board decides on consolidation plan". WJAC. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  20. ^ "Punxsutawney Christian School". Punxsutawney Christian School. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  21. ^ "Ss. Cosmas & Damian Roman Catholic School". Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  22. ^ "Punxsutawney - Indiana University of Pennsylvania". www.iup.edu. Retrieved 2020-10-12.
  23. ^ "Punxsutawney Spirit newspaper in Punxsutawney Pennsylvania". MondoTimes.com. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  24. ^ "Illinois company buys three state newspapers". Oklahoman.com. 22 May 2003. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  25. ^ "PUNXSUTAWNEY SPIRIT". National Domains, LLC. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  26. ^ "Punxsutawney Spirit Newspaper". Mengle Memorial Library. Power Library. Retrieved 6 December 2021. POWER Library is a service of the Office of Commonwealth Libraries, Pennsylvania Department of Education
  27. ^ "Latest News; Featured Stories; Advertorial;". The Punxsutawney Spirit. Retrieved 6 December 2021. 510 Pine Street, Punxsutawney, PA 15767; Powered by BLOX Content Management System from TownNews.com.
  28. ^ "The Punxsutawney Spirit Recent Obituaries". Legacy.com. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  29. ^ "The Spirit Publishing Company". Dun & Bradstreet. Retrieved 6 December 2021. Dun & Bradstreet collects private company financials for more than 23 million companies worldwide
  30. ^ "Mahoning Valley Spirit (Punxsutawney, Pa.) 1873-1876". Library of Congress. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  31. ^ "The Punxsutawney Spirit (Punxsutawney, Pa.) 1876-1911". Library of Congress. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  32. ^ "The Punxsutawney Spirit (Punxsutawney, Pa.) 1906-1967". Library of Congress. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  33. ^ "About The Punxsutawney spirit. (Punxsutawney, Pa.) 1906-1967". Chronicling America. National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 6 December 2021. Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. Chronicling America (ISSN 2475-2703) is a Website providing access to information about historic newspapers and select digitized newspaper pages, and is produced by the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). NDNP, a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC), is a long-term effort to develop an Internet-based, searchable database of U.S. newspapers with descriptive information and select digitization of historic pages. Supported by NEH, this rich digital resource will be developed and permanently maintained at the Library of Congress. An NEH award program will fund the contribution of content from, eventually, all U.S. states and territories.
  34. ^ "The Spirit (Punxsutawney, Pa.) 1967-Current". Library of Congress. Retrieved 6 December 2021.

External links[edit]