Quilmes

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Quilmes
QUI001bis.jpg
Quilmes is located in Greater Buenos Aires
Quilmes
Quilmes
Location in Greater Buenos Aires
Coordinates: 34°43′00″S 58°16′00″W / 34.71667°S 58.26667°W / -34.71667; -58.26667Coordinates: 34°43′00″S 58°16′00″W / 34.71667°S 58.26667°W / -34.71667; -58.26667
Country Argentina
Province Buenos Aires Province
Partido Quilmes
Founded 1666
Declared city 1916
Government
 • Mayor Martiniano Molina
(Republican Proposal-Cambiemos)
Elevation[1] 17 m (56 ft)
Population (2001)[2]
 • Total 230,810
Time zone P (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) O (UTC-2)
CPA Base B 1878, B 1879
Area code(s) +54 11
Website www.quilmes.gov.ar

Quilmes (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkilmes]) is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the coast of the Rio de la Plata on the south east of the Greater Buenos Aires. It is the capital of the borough Quilmes (Partido de Quilmes), and has a population of 230,810. It is located 17 km (11 mi) south of the capital of Buenos Aires, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

History[edit]

The Quilmes were a native tribe who lived in the surroundings of Tucumán. In the 17th century, after repeated attempts by the Spanish invaders to control their lands, the Quilmes were defeated and were forced to settle in a restricted colony (reducción) near Buenos Aires, where the authorities could control them. The settlement was thus established in 1666 as Exaltación de la Santa Cruz de los Kilme. The 1,000 km (621 mi) journey from Tucumán was made on foot, causing hundreds of Quilmes to die in the process. The colony had been abandoned by 1810 and had become a ghost town. The land was divided in parcels and the town of Quilmes was established in 1818. During the first British invasion, lasting 46 days in 1806, the British arrived from Montevideo through Quilmes and went to Buenos Aires from there.

Quilmes Railroad Station
Sarmiento Public Library

The town's development accelerated during the wave of immigration in Argentina during the late 19th century, and Quilmes was considered as the location for a new provincial capital during the Federalization of Buenos Aires of 1880 (ultimately established in La Plata). The Argentine Air Force established a 220 ha (540 acre) base in East Quilmes in 1943.

Quilmes proper consists of two main parts, east and west, which are divided by the tracks of the Metropolitano passenger train line. East Quilmes has several relatively wealthy areas and a large shopping district. As one travels east toward the Río de la Plata, neighborhoods become increasingly poor, and two large villas miseria (slums) are found close to the river. These areas often experience severe flooding.

Quilmes is the home of two football teams: Quilmes Atlético Club and Club Atlético Argentino de Quilmes. The first was founded in the 19th century by Cannon J. T. Stevenson, and the second one was founded later, by Argentines who were not allowed to play for the QAC. They are two of the oldest Argentine football teams. The city has been chosen by FIH to host the 2014 Men's Hockey Champions Trophy.

The city also gives its name to the Cerveza Quilmes beer company, as this is where it was first brewed in 1888 where the brewery was started by Otto Bemberg; the establishment remains a leading employer in the city. Other significant manufacturers in Quilmes include textile maker La Bernalesa, glass maker Cattorini, construction materials maker Cerámica Quilmes, and climate control equipment maker Rheem.

Famous Quilmeños include television variety show host Susana Giménez, football forward Sergio Agüero, painter Carlos Morel, sculptor Victor de Pol, boxer Sergio Martínez, and the rock band Vox Dei. Aníbal Fernández, who was born in Quilmes, served as mayor from 1991 to 1995, and from 2003 as Minister of Interior, of Justice, as Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers, and Senator.

Football[edit]

Quilmes
Escudo del Club Quilmes.svg
Full name Quilmes Atlético Club
Nickname(s) El Cervecero (The Brewers)
Founded 27 November 1887; 128 years ago (1887-11-27) [3][4]
Ground Estadio Centenario Dr. José Luis Meiszner, Quilmes, Greater Buenos Aires
Ground Capacity 30,200[5]
Chairman Aníbal Fernández
Manager Alfredo Grelak
League Primera División
2015 11th
Website Club home page

Quilmes Atlético Club (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkilmes aˈtletiko ˈkluβ]) is an Argentine sports club based in the Quilmes district of Greater Buenos Aires. Quilmes is one of the oldest clubs of Argentina still competing in official tournaments, having been founded in 1887. Its football squad currently plays in the Primera División, the top division of the Argentine football league system.

The origins of the club can be found at the "Quilmes and Polo Club", an institution founded by British immigrants about 1880. In 1887 the club changed its name to "Quilmes Rovers Athletic Club" with a football team formed entirely by British people. That team took part in the second edition of Argentine Primera División championship held in 1893.[1]

On 5 November 1897, promoting an initiative by priest J.T. Stevenson, the "Quilmes Cricket Club" is founded. The club changed its name to "Quilmes Athletic Club" in 1901, the year that Quilmes registered to Argentine Association Football League (former Argentine Football Association).[5]

By the time that Quilmes was founded, the only club existing in Quilmes was the Quilmes Lawn Tennis Club. Guillermo Morgan was named president, becoming the first chairman of the recently created institution.[6] During its first years, Quilmes did not admitted non-British members. The club represented to the huge British community that worked at Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway. At the beginning of its existence, the main sport practised at Quilmes was cricket, and club's colors were crimson and blue.

In March 1898 Quilmes Cricket Club added football as sport. In 1901 the club also changed its colors, adopting the England national football team's, white shirt with blue collar and shorts. By the first years of 20th century the club began to admit Argentine members, following the example of the other institution of the city, Argentino de Quilmes, which had been founded as a reaction to British rules for memberships. Unlike Quilmes CC, Argentino was opened to receive Argentine members.

Football 1887–1901
Football 1901-today
Field hockey

Radio Station[edit]

Radios FM
MHz Name of the radio FM
87.5 MHz Fm América
87.7 MHz Fm La Hermosa
88.1 MHz La radio de Tu Ciudad
88.5 MHz Fm Mía
88.9 MHz Fm Sur
89.1 MHz Fm del Bosque
89.7 MHz Fm Compartiendo
90.3 MHz Fm Houpe
90.7 MHz Fm Stylo
90.9 MHz Fm Ser
91.1 MHz (Christian radio)
91.3 MHz (Christian radio)
91.5 MHz Fm RK
92.1 Fm MHz Identidad Sur
92.3 MHz Fm Victoria
92.9 MHz Fm Spectra
93.5 MHz Radio FMQ
93.7 MHz Fm Wen
94.1 MHz Iglesia del Puente[permanent dead link]
94.7 MHz Fm Ahijuna
95.3 MHz Fm Rdb
95.7 MHz Fm Planeta
96.1 MHz Fm Plus
96.3 MHz Fm Bolivia
97.1 MHz Fm Elit
97.3 MHz Fm Cardinal
98.5 MHz (Christian radio)
99.5 MHz Fm One
100.5 MHz Fm La Máquina
102.1 MHz Fm Ñandutí
102.5 MHz Fm Cls
102.9 MHz Radio Vox
103.9 MHz Radio Fan
104.9 MHz Fm Avivamiento
106.5 MHz Radio Quilmes FM

Education[edit]

St George's College, a British international school, is in Quilmes.[6]

Escuela Municipal De Bellas Artes (EMBA), a free, municipal art school.[7]

The area once had a German school, Deutsche Schule E. Hohnberg.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics". Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  2. ^ "INDEC Census 2001". 
  3. ^ "Argentina 1893" Archived May 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. at RSSSF
  4. ^ "Las dos fechas de Quilmes" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 6 November 2006
  5. ^ Club information, Quilmes website Archived June 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Home." St George's College. Retrieved on February 9, 2015. "Guido 800 (1878) Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina"
  7. ^ "Municipal School of Fine Arts". Municipality of Quilmes. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archived 2016-03-12 at WebCite). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 17/51.

External links[edit]