RMS Samaria (1920)

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StateLibQld 1 168187 Samaria (ship).jpg
History
United Kingdom
NameRMS Samaria
OwnerCunard Line
OperatorCunard Line
Port of registryLiverpool
RouteLiverpool – Varied
BuilderCammell Laird & Company, Birkenhead
Launched27 November 1920
Completed1921
Maiden voyage19 April 1922
In service1922-1941, 1941-1948 (troopship), 1948-1955
IdentificationKLWD
FateScrapped in 1956
General characteristics
TypeOcean liner
Tonnage19,848 GRT
Length624 ft (190 m)
Beam74 ft (23 m)
Depth45 ft (14 m)
Decks5
Installed powerSix double reduction geared steam turbines
PropulsionTwin screw
Speed16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph) (service speed)
Capacity315 first class, 350 second class, 1500 third class as built
Crew434
NotesPassenger accommodations were altered several times during the ship's career.

RMS Samaria was a transatlantic ocean liner built for Cunard Line. She served from 1922 until 1955. During the Second World War she was a troopship in the Royal Navy. Samaria was scrapped in 1956.[1][2]

History[edit]

RMS Samaria was a British transatlantic ocean liner built by Cammell Laird & Company in Birkenhead for the Cunard Line, and launched in November of 1920.[1] Fitting out for service took somewhat longer than usual due to post war demands on industry but in due course Samaria entered service in April 1922. She was an intermediate liner designed with an emphasis on fuel economy to which end the ship's service speed was around 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). Intended to augment Cunard's transatlantic service Samaria ran on the Liverpool to Boston and New York City route with periodic stops in Cobh, and appealed to those first and second class passengers looking for comfort at reasonable rates and who were not in a hurry.[3][4] Originally the ship was intended to make a profit in the immigrant trade with third class passengers. However the end of unrestricted immigration to the United States in the mid 1920s necessitated the first of several reconfiguration of passenger accommodations as third class became "tourist."[3]

Throughout the 1920s and 1930s Samaria was frequently employed as a cruise ship. In September 1940 she took part in the evacuation of children from the UK to the US under the scheme set up by the Children's Overseas Reception Board (CORB). In 1941 the ship was taken over by the Royal Navy and served as a troopship until 1948 when she was returned to Cunard and refitted for passenger service. Between 1948 and 1955 Samaria was assigned almost exclusively to the Canadian route with service to Montreal, Quebec, and Halifax along with her sister-ship RMS Scythia. In November 1955 she completed her last transatlantic crossing and was subsequently sold for scrapping, which was completed in 1956 at Inverkeithing, Scotland.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cairis, Nicholas T. (1979). Passenger Liners of the World Since 1893. Bonanza Books. pp. 52. ISBN 0517-28875-3.
  2. ^ a b "RMS Samaria II". Norwegian Heritage Emigrant SHips Database. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "RMS Samaria from Ancestry.com". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Samaria II". GreatShips.com. Retrieved 6 August 2014.