RMS Slavonia

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History
Name:
  • Yamuna (1902–03)
  • Slavonia (1903–09)
Owner:
  • British India Line (1902–03)
  • Cunard Line (1903–09)
Port of registry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Liverpool, United Kingdom
Builder: Sir J. Laing & Sons
Yard number: 600
Launched: 15 November 1902
Completed: June 1903
Fate: Wrecked 10 June 1909
General characteristics
Class and type: Passenger ship
Tonnage:
  • 8,831 GRT (1902–03)
  • 10,606 GRT, 6,724 NRT (1903–09)
Length: 510 feet 0 inches (155.44 m)
Beam: 59 feet 6 inches (18.13 m)
Installed power: Triple expansion steam engines
Propulsion: Twin screw propellers
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h)
Capacity:
  • 40 first class and 800 steerage class passengers (1902–03)
  • 71 first class, 74 second class and 1,954 steerage class passengers (1903–09)
Crew: 225

Slavonia was a 10,606 GRT passenger ship that was built in 1902 as Yamuna for the British India Line. She was sold to the Cunard Line in 1903 and renamed Slavonia. She was wrecked in the Azores in 1909, sending out the first SOS message. All on board were rescued.

Description[edit]

As built, the ship was 510 feet 0 inches (155.44 m) long, with a beam of 59 feet 6 inches (18.13 m). She was equipped with triple expansion steam engines, which were built by the Wallsend Slipway Co Ltd. These drove twin screw propellers and could propel the ship at 13 knots (24 km/h). She was assessed at 8,831 GRT. Accommodation for 40 first class and 800 steerage class passengers was provided.[1]

History[edit]

Yamuna was built as yard number 600 by Sir J. Laing & Co Ltd, Sunderland, County Durham for the British India Line. She was launched on 15 November 1902 and completed in June 1903.[1] She was the largest ship built at a British shipyard for eleven years.[2] The United Kingdom Official Number 115761 was allocated.[3] In 1904, she was sold to the Cunard Line and renamed Slavonia.[1] She was used on the service between the Mediterranean and New York, United States. This service had been introduced as a temporary measure in the autumn of 1903 and was subsequently made permanent.[4] After a refit, she was assessed at 10,606 GRT,[1] 6,724 NRT.[5] Her port of registry was Liverpool, Lancashire.[6] Accommodation for 71 first class, 74 second class and 1,954 steerage class passengers was provided.[1] Her crew numbered 225. Lifesaving equipment comprised twelve lifeboats, seven collapsible lifeboats and two other boats. She carried 24 lifebuoys and 2,340 lifebelts.[5] Slavonia made her maiden voyage for Cunard Line on 17 March 1904, sailing from Sunderland to New York via Trieste and Fiume, Austrian Empire and Palermo, Italy.[1]

Shipwreck[edit]

Slavonia departed from New York City on 3 June 1909 on what would be her final voyage.[7] On 10 June, Slavonia ran aground in foggy weather at Punta dos Fenais, Flores, Azores, Portugal. An SOS was sent, the first use of this code.[3] All on board were rescued by Prinzess Irene and Batavia.[1] Prinzess Irene took off 110 cabin class passengers. Batavia took off 300 steerage class passengers,[7] leaving the crew on board. They left the ship later that day.[8] The wreck was subsequently looted.[9] Prinzess Irene landed some of the rescued passengers at Gibraltar.[10] The 84 remaining on board travelled on to Naples, Italy, where they arrived on 17 June. Those rescued by Batavia reached Naples on 19 June.[11]

Slavonia was abandoned and declared a total loss.[3] She was insured for £90,000.[12] Some of her cargo was salvaged - 400 bags of coffee, 1,000 ingots of copper and 200 casks of oil.[13] Also salvaged were 25 pieces of agricultural machinery and miscellaneous ships' stores. They were taken to Liverpool, Lancashire by Letty.[14] A Board of Trade inquiry was held into the loss of Slavonia.[5] Her captain was severely reprimanded for being 10.5 nautical miles (19.4 km) off course and going at an excessive speed for the prevailing conditions.[9][3][15] The Board of Trade awarded the captains of Batavia and Prinzess Irene a piece of plate[definition needed] in recognition of their efforts to rescue the passengers of Slavonia. The person in charge of the wireless station on Flores also received a piece of plate. His two assistants were awarded a sum of money each.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "SHIP DESCRIPTIONS - SL-SY". The Ships List. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 160. A HISTORY OF SHIPBUILDING ON THE WEAR. A PAPER BY JAMES A. MARR". Ron Searle. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 061 SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 16". Ron Searle. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "The Money Market". The Times (37355). London. 30 March 1904. col A-B, p. 11. 
  5. ^ a b c "The loss of the Slavonia". The Times (39059). London. 8 September 1909. col E, p. 12. 
  6. ^ a b "Board of Trade Awards". The Times (39059). London. 20 September 1909. col C, p. 13. 
  7. ^ a b "A Cunard Liner Ashore". The Times (38984). London. 12 June 1909. col D, p. 5. 
  8. ^ "The Wreck of the Slavonia". The Times (38985). London. 14 June 1909. col A, p. 6. 
  9. ^ a b "The Wreck of the Slavonia". The Times (39060). London. 9 September 1909. col E, p. 12. 
  10. ^ "The Wreck of the Slavonia". The Times (38986). London. 15 June 1909. col B, p. 5. 
  11. ^ "The Wreck of the Slavonia". The Times (38989). London. 18 June 1909. col D, p. 10. 
  12. ^ "The Marine Insurance Market". The Times (38985). London. 14 June 1909. col A-B, p. 19. 
  13. ^ "The Marine Insurance Market". The Times (39007). London. 9 July 1909. col B, p. 23. 
  14. ^ "The Marine Insurance Market". The Times (39017). London. 21 July 1909. col F, p. 16. 
  15. ^ "The Slavonia Inquiry". The Times (39062). London. 11 September 1909. col F, p. 14. 

External links[edit]