RMS Caronia (1904)
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Caronia under way
|Operator:||1914–15: Royal Navy|
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||John Brown & Company, Clydebank|
|Launched:||13 July 1904|
|Maiden voyage:||25 February 1905|
|Nickname(s):||"pretty sister of Carmania"|
|Fate:||Scrapped 1933 in Osaka|
|Beam:||72.2 ft (22.0 m)|
|Draught:||33 ft 3 in (10.13 m)|
|Depth:||40.2 ft (12.3 m)|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
|Notes:||sister ship: RMS Carmania|
John Brown & Company of Clydebank launched Caronia on 13 July 1904 and completed her in February 1905. She was the only ship in the Cunard fleet to be named after an American, being named after Caro Brown, granddaughter of Cunard's New York agent.
On 14 April 1912 Caronia transmitted the first ice warning at 09:00 to RMS Titanic reporting "bergs, growlers and field ice".
In 1914 Cunard briefly placed Caronia on its Boston service. At the start of the First World War the Admiralty requisitioned her to be an armed merchant cruiser. She was stationed off New York on contraband patrol. She was a troop ship from 1916 until after the Armistice of 11 November 1918. Her last duties were to repatriate Canadian troops in 1919. She returned to the Liverpool – New York run after the war.
In 1920 Caronia was converted to burn oil instead of coal.
After returning to service, she sailed on a number of different routes, including:
- Liverpool – New York / Boston
- London – New York
- Hamburg – New York (1922)
- Liverpool – Quebec (1924)
- New York – Havana
In 1931 Cunard laid up Caronia, and then sold her for £20,000 to Hughes Bolckow & Co for scrap. In 1932 Hughes Bolckow sold her to Kobe Kaiun KK for £39,000, who renamed her Taiseiyo Maru ("The Great Ocean Ship"). Kobe Kaiun had her towed to Osaka, where demolition work started on 28 March 1933.
- Ljungström, Henrik (23 March 2018). "Carmania (I)". The Great Ocean Liners. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "Caronia". Scottish Built Ships. Caledonian Maritime Research Trust. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "Steamers & Motorships". Lloyd's Register (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1930. Retrieved 23 December 2020 – via Plimsoll Ship Data.
- Wills 2010, p. 141
- Frame, Chris. "Caronia". Chris' Cunard Page.
- "List of Vessels Fitted with Refrigerating Appliances". Lloyd's Register (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1930. Retrieved 23 December 2020 – via Plimsoll Ship Data.
- "Caronia". Titanic Inquiry Project. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- Bonsor, NRP. North Atlantic Seaway.[clarification needed]
- Haws, Duncan (1979). Merchant ships in Profile 2. Merchant Fleets. Cambridge: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-324-7.
- Osborne, Richard; Spong, Harry & Grover, Tom (2007). Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878–1945. Windsor: World Warship Society. ISBN 978-0-9543310-8-5.
- Wills, Elspeth (2010). The Fleet 1840–2010. London: Cunard. ISBN 978-0-9542451-8-4.
- Wilson, RM (1956). The Big Ships. London: Cassell & Co.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caronia (ship, 1905).|
- Maikel Noordeloos; Old Weather Transcriber; Veldhoven (eds.). "HMS CARONIA – August 1914 to December 1915, Irish waters (11th Cruiser Squadron), West Atlantic, North America & West Indies Station". Royal Navy Log Books of the World War 1 Era. Naval History.Net.