RMS Caronia (1904)

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RMS Caronia 1905.jpg
Caronia under way
History
United Kingdom
Name:
  • 1904: Caronia
  • 1932: Taiseiyo Maru
Namesake:
  • 1904: Caro Brown
  • 1932: Japanese for "Great Ocean Ship"
Owner: Cunard Line
Operator: 1914–15: United Kingdom Royal Navy
Port of registry:
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank
Yard number: 362
Launched: 13 July 1904
Completed: February 1905
Maiden voyage: 25 February 1905
Identification:
Nickname(s): "pretty sister of Carmania"
Fate: Scrapped 1933 in Osaka
General characteristics
Type: ocean liner
Tonnage:
  • 1904:
  • 19,594 GRT, 10,213 NRT
  • 1909:
  • 19,687 GRT, 10,306 NRT
  • after 1924 refit:
  • 19,782 GRT, 9,752 NRT
Length:
Beam: 72.2 ft (22.0 m)
Draught: 33 ft 3 in (10.13 m)
Depth: 40.2 ft (12.3 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Capacity:
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:
Notes: sister ship: RMS Carmania

RMS Caronia was a Cunard Line transatlantic steam ocean liner. She was launched in 1904 and scrapped in 1932. In World War I she was first an armed merchant cruiser (AMC) and then a troop ship.

RMS Carmania was launched in 1905 as her sister ship, although the two had different machinery. When new, the pair were the largest ships in the Cunard fleet.[1]

Building[edit]

John Brown & Company of Clydebank launched Caronia on 13 July 1904[2] and completed her in February 1905.[3] She was the only ship in the Cunard fleet to be named after an American, being named after Caro Brown, granddaughter of Cunard's New York agent.[4]

Caronia was propelled by quadruple-expansion engines. Carmania had steam turbines, and proved to be the more economical of the two.[5]

Her holds included 46,280 cubic feet (1,311 m3) refrigerated cargo space.[6]

Service[edit]

Caronia left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to New York on 25 February 1905. A successful 1906 cruise from New York to the Mediterranean led to Caronia frequently being used for cruising.

On 14 April 1912 Caronia transmitted the first ice warning at 09:00 to RMS Titanic reporting "bergs, growlers and field ice".

In 1914 Cunard briefly placed Caronia on its Boston service. At the start of the First World War the Admiralty requisitioned her to be an armed merchant cruiser. She was stationed off New York on contraband patrol.[4] She was a troop ship from 1916 until after the Armistice of 11 November 1918. Her last duties were to repatriate Canadian troops in 1919.[4] She returned to the Liverpool – New York run after the war.

In 1920 Caronia was converted to burn oil instead of coal.

After returning to service, she sailed on a number of different routes, including:

  • Liverpool – New York / Boston
  • London – New York
  • Hamburg – New York (1922)
  • Liverpool – Quebec (1924)
  • New York – Havana

Fate[edit]

In 1931 Cunard laid up Caronia, and then sold her for £20,000 to Hughes Bolckow & Co for scrap. In 1932 Hughes Bolckow sold her to Kobe Kaiun KK for £39,000, who renamed her Taiseiyo Maru ("The Great Ocean Ship"). Kobe Kaiun had her towed to Osaka, where demolition work started on 28 March 1933.[2][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ljungström, Henrik (23 March 2018). "Carmania (I)". The Great Ocean Liners. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Caronia". Scottish Built Ships. Caledonian Maritime Research Trust. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Steamers & Motorships". Lloyd's Register (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1930. Retrieved 23 December 2020 – via Plimsoll Ship Data.
  4. ^ a b c Wills 2010, p. 141
  5. ^ Frame, Chris. "Caronia". Chris' Cunard Page.
  6. ^ "List of Vessels Fitted with Refrigerating Appliances". Lloyd's Register (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1930. Retrieved 23 December 2020 – via Plimsoll Ship Data.
  7. ^ "Caronia". Titanic Inquiry Project. Retrieved 23 December 2020.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bonsor, NRP. North Atlantic Seaway.[clarification needed]
  • Haws, Duncan (1979). Merchant ships in Profile 2. Merchant Fleets. Cambridge: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-324-7.
  • Osborne, Richard; Spong, Harry & Grover, Tom (2007). Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878–1945. Windsor: World Warship Society. ISBN 978-0-9543310-8-5.
  • Wills, Elspeth (2010). The Fleet 1840–2010. London: Cunard. ISBN 978-0-9542451-8-4.
  • Wilson, RM (1956). The Big Ships. London: Cassell & Co.

External links[edit]