RV Kronprins Haakon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
RV Kronprins Haakon 3D rendering.jpg
Computer rendering of Kronprins Haakon, the new Norwegian polar research vessel
History
Name: Kronprins Haakon
Namesake: Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Owner: Norwegian Polar Institute [1]
Operator: Norwegian Institute of Marine Research
Port of registry: Tromsø,  Norway[2]
Ordered: 29 December 2013[2]
Builder: Fincantieri, La Spezia, Italy
Cost: NOK 1.4 Billion
approx. 175 million euro
Yard number: 6255[2]
Laid down: 2 September 2015
Launched: 3 March 2017[2]
Completed: April 2018[3]
Identification:
Status: In service
General characteristics [2]
Type: Research vessel
Tonnage: 9,145 GT
Length: 100.382 m (329 ft)
Beam: 21 m (69 ft)
Draught: 8.666 m (28 ft)
Depth: 10.408 m (34 ft)
Ice class: Polar Class 3
Installed power:
  • 2 × Bergen B32:40L6 (2 × 3,500 kW)
  • 2 × Bergen B32:40L9 (2 × 5,000 kW)
Propulsion:
Range: 15,000 nautical miles (28,000 km; 17,000 mi)
Endurance: 65 days at cruising speed
Capacity: Accommodation for 55 in 38 cabins
1,180 m3 cargo hold
20 TEU containers
Crew: 15–17
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar

RV Kronprins Haakon is a Norwegian icebreaking polar research vessel owned by the Norwegian Polar Institute. The shiptime use is divided between the main users, the University of Tromsø (50 %), Norwegian Polar Institute (30 %) and Norwegian Institute of Marine Research (20 %). She was built at Fincantieri shipyard in Genova, Italy, and delivered in 2018.

Technical details[edit]

With a length of 100.382 metres (329 ft), beam of 21 metres (69 ft) and draft of 8.666 metres (28 ft), Kronprins Haakon is the largest Norwegian icebreaker ever built despite being slightly shorter than Svalbard, the 6,375-ton icebreaking offshore patrol vessel operated by the Norwegian Coast Guard.[2] The research vessel has accommodation for 55 personnel in 38 cabins, including a crew of 15–17. She is equipped with hangar for two small to medium-sized helicopters, but the helipad in the bow is strengthened also for the heavier helicopters such as NHIndustries NH90 operated by the Norwegian Coast Guard and Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma search and rescue (SAR) helicopters based in Svalbard.[5][6]

Like most modern icebreakers, Kronprins Haakon has a diesel-electric propulsion system. Her power plant consists of two 3,500 kW six-cylinder Bergen B32:40L6 and two 5,000 kW 9-cylinder Bergen B32:40L9 medium-speed diesel engines that produce power for two 5.5 MW Rolls-Royce US ARC 0.8 FP azimuth thrusters and two 1.1 MW bow thrusters. The propulsion system also gives her Dynamic Positioning (DP) Class 1 stationkeeping capability.[6] In open water, she has a maximum cruising range of 15,000 nautical miles (28,000 km; 17,000 mi) and endurance of 65 days at cruising speed.[5] The bollard pull of the vessel is 158 tonnes.[6]

Kronprins Haakon is strengthened for operation in winter ice with pressure ridges and multi-year ice, and in ambient temperatures of −35 °C (−31 °F). She is designed according to International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) Unified Requirements for Polar Class Ships and her ice class, Polar Class 3, is intended for vessels designed for "year-round operation in second-year ice which may include multi-year ice inclusions". A capable icebreaker, Kronprins Haakon can break 1 metre (3 ft) thick ice at a continuous speed of 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph).[7]

A high-end research vessel, Kronprins Haakon has an extensive scientific outfit for oceanography, marine biology and geology. The main deck is largely dedicated to scientific activities with 15 fixed and three container laboratories, refrigerated storage rooms, large working deck with cranes and an A-frame for trawling, and a hangar and 3-by-4-metre (10 by 13 ft) moon pool for sampling as well as AUV and ROV operations.[6] Underwater acoustics instrumentation is fitted in two drop keels as well as special "arctic tanks" for operations in ice-covered seas.[5]

Development and construction[edit]

In 1999, the Norwegian Polar Institute issued a proposal for acquiring a new research vessel to replace the 1978-built Lance, a former fishing and sealing vessel that had been rebuilt as a research vessel in 1992.[8][9] After a feasibility study was completed in 2007, the design contract was awarded to Rolls-Royce in 2008. The initial design was further developed in close co-operation with the Norwegian Polar Institute and other future users of the research vessel and the Rolls-Royce UT 395 vessel concept was approved by the Norwegian Ministry of Finance in 2011. The funding for the construction of the new research vessel was approved by the Norwegian Parliament and included in the 2013 budget.[5]

On 29 November 2013, the construction of the NOK 1.4 billion (approx. 175 million euro) polar research vessel was awarded to the Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri and the shipbuilding contract was signed on 19 December.[6] The vessel, named Kronprins Haakon after Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway, would be built by Genova-based Riva Trigoso-Muggiano shipyard. Final outfitting and sea trials would be carried out at Fincantieri-owned VARD in Norway.[10][11]

The first steel for the new Norwegian polar research vessel was cut on 15 June 2015 and the keel was laid on 2 September. Kronprins Haakon, named after the crown prince of Norway, was launched on 3 March 2017[2] and delivered in April 2018.[3]

The main user of the vessel will be University of Tromsø, also known as the Arctic University of Norway.[12]

Rolls-Royce later used the experience gained from designing the Norwegian polar research vessel to develop the UT 851 PRV concept for the British Antarctic Survey. The vessel, RRS Sir David Attenborough, will enter service in 2019.[13]

Career[edit]

One of the primary users of the new Norwegian polar research vessel is the Nansen Legacy project which will include over 370 ship-days by 2020 primarily on Kronprins Haakon.[14]

In July 2019, one of Kronprins Haakon's propulsion units developed an oil leak during icebreaking operations north of Svalbard, forcing the research vessel to cancel a scientific cruise ahead of schedule and return to Norway for repairs.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World class vessel with high tech equipment. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Kronprins Haakon (34021)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  3. ^ a b The Oceanographic Vessel "Kronprins Haakon" Delivered. Fincantieri, 5 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  4. ^ "Kronprins Haakon (2739587)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
  5. ^ a b c d New Norwegian ice going Research Vessel Kronprins Haakon. Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  6. ^ a b c d e New Norwegian ice going Research Vessel Kronprins Haakon. Norwegian Polar Institute, 2015. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
  7. ^ "Kronprins Haakon Ice Trials" (PDF). Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  8. ^ RV Lance. Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  9. ^ ÅRSMELDING 1999. Norsk Polarinstitutt. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  10. ^ Fincantieri to build an oceanographic ship for Norway. Fincantieri, 29 November 2013. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  11. ^ Italians to build “Kronprins Haakon”. BarentsObserver, 29 November 2013. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  12. ^ Kronprins Haakon – icebreaker research vessel. Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  13. ^ Enabling polar research. Rolls-Royce. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  14. ^ Nansen Legacy Project
  15. ^ "Norges nye isbryter til 1,4 milliarder skadet etter møte med polisen" (in Norwegian). NRK. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.