Rudić in 2012
|Born||7 June 1948 (age 68)
Belgrade, SFR Yugoslavia
|Current team||Brazil (2013–present)|
Ratko Rudić (born 7 June 1948 in Belgrade, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Croatian water polo coach and a former water polo player. As of 2015[update], he has won 38 medals as a coach at major events, making him the most successful water polo coach in history, and second most successful team sport coach of all time. He won four gold medals, of which three consecutive, with three different national teams at the Summer Olympics, as well three gold medals with three national teams at the World Championships.
In 1989 received AVNOJ award, the highest Yugoslav award. In 2007 received Franjo Bučar State Award for Sport as Yearly Award, while in 2012 Award for Life Achievement. In 2012 was the recipient of Order of Duke Branimir. In 2007 was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame, described as "one of the best, if not the best, water polo coach to walk the deck of the pool".
In 2012 he retired from coaching and became sports director of the Croatian Water Polo Federation until late 2013 when he became the coach of the Brazil men's national team to lead them through the 2016 Summer Olympics.
He was born on 7 June 1948 in Belgrade, SFR Yugoslavia, to father Jakov and mother Zorica. As his father was a military officier he lived two years in Belgrade, four years in Rijeka, Zadar and Split, and six years in Zagreb. He started playing water polo in 1958 as a child in club Jedinstvo from Zadar. His debut in a first league game was in 1963 (as 15 years old), for VK Jadran Split against HAVK Mladost.
Although his desire was to study at the Academy of Fine Arts (and continued to paint), he initially studied architecture in Zagreb, but as professional player moved to Belgrade in 1971, and there finished studies at the Faculty of Physical Education. He lived in Belgrade until 1990, when lived and worked in Rome until 2000, and from then until 2004 in Los Angeles.
He played for club VK Jadran Split from 1963 till 1971, when moved to VK Partizan. He decided for the club because it was the only alongside HAVK Mladost from Zagreb which had full year training, and several other Croatian players were brought in the same year, as well the coach from Dubrovnik. With the team won eight Yugoslavian championships, six Yugoslavian cups, and two European Champions League in 1974 and 1975.
Rudić played 297 games for the Yugoslavian water polo team, winning gold medals in 1971 and 1979, and silver medal at the 1975 Mediterranean Games; bronze medals in 1970 and 1974, and silver medal at the 1977 European Championship; bronze medal at the 1973 World Championship; and silver medal at the 1980 Summer Olympics.
At the 1968 Olympics he was injured before the tournament and was unable to play with his team which went on to win the gold medal. At the World Championship in 1975, he was falsely accused of doping, and so the entire Yugoslav national team was disqualified. Only after a subsequent investigation by Manfred Donike proved that Rudić did not take any banned substances, he and his team were exonerated. His case was included in professional literature as an example of the wrong analysis. At the 1976 Olympics was a reserve due to injury, but helped tactically and soon became assistant coach in VK Partizan.
During his career Rudić coached five national teams: Yugoslavia (1984–1988), Italy (1990–2000), USA (2001–2004), Croatia (2005–2012), and Brazil (2013–present). As a coach he works with much preparation, including control training, testing, tactics, and technique. He is one of the first coaches who had a multidisciplinary coaching staff, with specific emphasis on cooperation with psychologists. He especially works on the long-term programmes which leave behind long-term positive consequences in the national teams.
Rudić started his coaching career as the coach of juniors in VK Partizan between 1980 and 1983, and between 1983 and 1984 of the Yugoslavian junior national team, which won silver medals at the World (1983) and European Championship (1983, 1984). Several players like Dubravko Šimenc, Perica Bukić, and Igor Milanović formed the core in the following Yugoslavian golden period. He received the nickname Tiranin (Tyrant) because he demanded a considerable amount of work and discipline.
He was the coach of the Yugoslavia men's national water polo team between 1984 and 1988, and won two consecutive gold medals at the 1984 and 1988 Summer Olympics; gold medal at the 1986 World Championship; two consecutive silver medals at the 1985 and 1987 European Water Polo Championship; and gold medal at the 1987 World Cup.
After the coach position at VK Partizan between 1988 and 1990 (COMEN Cup), in 1990 he became the coach of Italy. His work in Italy initially was in the conflict with the players who had tactical and technical skills but lack of physical working philosophy. As the very strenuous trainings were accepted they eventually became the best national team at the time. They were the first national team to win all titles in one Olympic cycle. In 1994, after the gold medal at the 1994 World Championship, changed almost the whole team with younger players which was received with harsh criticism by the sport journalist in Italy, but nevertheless won gold medal at the 1995 European Championship. The period as the coach of the Italian national team, however, ended in controversy: at the end of the quarterfinals of the 2000 Summer Olympics in which Italy lost against Hungary 5–8, Rudić reportedly accused the officials for a planned conspiracy against the Italian team (due to referee decisions), which cost him a yearly suspension from all competitions by FINA.
As the coach of Italy men's national water polo team he won gold medal at the 1992, and bronze at the 1996 Summer Olympics; gold medal at the 1994 World Championship; gold medals at the 1993 and 1995, and bronze at the 1999 European Championship; gold medal at 1993, and silver medals at the 1995 and 1999 World Cup.
Rudić lived and worked as the coach in the United States from January 2001 until 2004. As water polo in USA was mostly a Southern California college level sport, Rudić recalls that the initial organization and competition system was in bad condition, with small number of players, and the first years were the hardest part of his career. He praised the work ethic in USA compared to other teams which helped his stay, and several players like Wolf Wigo and Tony Azevedo acknowledged his method of work. He organized the entire professional work in their association, which included working with youth categories, the selection and training of trainers, selection of players, and their preparation.
As the coach of United States men's national water polo team he won a gold medal at the 2003 Pan American Games; and bronze medal at the 2003 World League. Although there was a strategic programme by Rudić titled Project Gold to take the team through the 2008 Summer Olympics, and signed four-year contract before the 2004 Olympics, in the late 2004 on the behalf of the President of Croatia accepted the new coaching mission. However, in the USA they continued to work by his programme and won the silver medal at the Olympics.
According to Rudić surprisingly the most motivational work on cohesion inside and outside the national team had to do in Croatia. He was critical of the poor funding considering the results achieved by the team in comparison with football. By the Croatian Olympic Committee was awarded for the most successful Croatian coach in 2007 and 2012.
As the coach of Croatia men's national water polo team he won gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics; gold medal at 2007, and bronze medals at the 2009 and 2011 World Championship; gold medal at the 2010 European Championship; silver medal at the 2010 World Cup; silver medal at 2009, bronze at 2010 and 2011, and gold at the 2012 World League.
Rudić became the coach of Brazil men's national water polo team in November 2013. He led the team to the bronze medal at the 2015 World League; and silver medal at the 2015 Pan American Games. He was awarded for the best coach of the Olympic Committee of the host country of the Olympic Games. Brazil have been drawn into Group A of the Olympic competition, alongside Australia, Greece, Hungary, Japan, and Serbia. They won against Serbia 6-5, who were unbeaten more than two years.
It is considered that Rudić is the most responsible for the contemporary water polo playing style, although did not invent it. Rudić is a heir of the Yugoslavian system and style, and due to his success many coaches tried to adopt his methods and style. However, Dante Dettamanti criticized the style for being too static and vertical, which is best suited for the physically big sized players. The style favors size aspect rather than speed.
Another product of the system is the long and torturous training sessions, for which Rudić is also famous. It includes 8 hours a day of swimming in the pool, heavy style weight lifting sessions, leg work, and skill and tactical sessions. United States player Layne Beaubien recalls that in the American colleges a daily norm was 3,000 meters, while under Rudić initially 5,000 and later up to 18,000 meters, noting "it's all mental. That's all it is. That's why he makes us do it. Being able to push yourself when you're so tired, being able to push yourself to the next level". As Ricardo Azevedo noted, "if a player quits in practice, he will eventually quit in a game". Dettamanti considered that such methods are unnecessary for the international water polo, and that Rudić's success is rather the result of his game knowledge, teaching of skills and tactics.
The team has to 'feel' that the attention of the entire organizational structure are addressed to them. The work environment is the first motivational factor. The motivation is the decisive factor in the victory of a team.— Ratko Rudić, 
- Ratko Rudić, kraj dobrovoljnog egzila vaterpolskog Tiranina [Ratko Rudić, the end of voluntary exile of a water polo tyrant] (in Croatian) (475), Nacional, 2004-12-21, retrieved August 12, 2016
- Kenneth Zahensky; Tracie Egan (2014). An Insider's Guide to Water Polo. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 37. ISBN 9781477780886.
- Dante Dettamanti (2015-06-01), The Ratko Rudic Paradox, 3 (9), Water Polo Planet, retrieved August 12, 2016
- Jurica Gizdić (2014). Kovači Hrvatskih Olimpijskih Odličja [Smiths of Croatian Olympic Medals] (in Croatian). Zagreb: Croatian Olympic Committee. p. 73. ISBN 978-953-7912-01-7.
- Anton Filić (31 July 2011). "S medaljom iz Šangaja Ratko Rudić drugi najuspješniji svih vremena" [With the medal from Shanghai Ratko Rudić second most successful of all time]. Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- Diane Bekhazi (2016-11-13). "Ratko Rudic Brazil's new head coach". Waterpoloworld. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
- "Legendary coach and naturalised players take Brazilian men's water polo team into medal contention". Rio2016. 2016-08-06. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
- Mladen Pleše (2016-02-27). "Ispovijest legendarnog vaterpolskog trenera Ratka Rudića za Telegram: 'Najteže mi je bilo raditi u Hrvatskoj'" [Confessions of legendary water polo coach Ratko Rudić for Telegram: 'The hardest part was working in Croatia'] (in Croatian). Telegram. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Dodijeljene državne nagrade za šport "Franjo Bučar"" [Awarded National Award for Sport "Franjo Bučar"] (in Croatian). Croatian Olympic Committee. 2007-11-23. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Dodijeljene državne nagrade "Franjo Bučar"" [Awarded National Award "Franjo Bučar"] (in Croatian). Croatian Olympic Committee. 2012-11-30. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Predsjednik Josipović odlikovao osvajače medalja" [President Josipovic awarded medal winners] (in Croatian). Croatian Olympic Committee. 2012-10-08. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- VL Biografije: Ratko Rudić [VL Biographies: Ratko Rudić] (in Croatian), Večernji list, retrieved August 11, 2016
- Miljenko Franić; Alan Ivković; Ratko Rudić (June 2007). "Injuries in Water Polo". Croatian medical journal. Medicinska naklada. 48 (3): 281–288. PMC .
- "Ratko Rudic (YUG/ITA/USA/CRO): 2007 Honor Water Polo Coach". ISHOF. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
- Tomislav Čadež (2010-09-11). "Rudić: Hrvatski vaterpolo stoji koliko i manji nogometni prvoligaš" [Rudić: Croatian water polo stands as the minor first league football club] (in Croatian). Jutarnji list. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Stangata su Ratko Rudic un anno di squalifica" [Sting of Ratko Rudic a year disqualification]. la Repubblica (in Italian). 2000-09-30. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "E adesso traballa la panchina di Rudic" [And now wobbles the bench of Rudic]. la Repubblica (in Italian). 2000-09-30. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Water Polo Taekwondo Sailing Pentathlon". The Age. 2000-10-01. p. 18. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Italian coach Rudic suspended after row". New Straits Times. 2000-10-01. p. 45. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Armenian Lifter Is Stripped Of Bronze". The Washington Post. 2000-10-01. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- Tyler Kepner (2004-08-23). "Summer 2004 Games: Men's Water Polo; Taskmaster Coach Brings 'Suffering' (And Medicine Ball)". The New York Times. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Najuspješniji 2007." [Most Successful 2007.] (in Croatian). Croatian Olympic Committee. 2007-12-27. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Najuspješniji 2012." [Most Successful 2012.] (in Croatian). Croatian Olympic Committee. 2012-12-27. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- Tonči Vlašić (2016-01-04). "Ratko Rudić, Najbolji Brazilski Trener u 2015. Godini: 'Hrvatska je odigrala dobru utakmicu'" [Ratko Rudić, best Brazilian coach in 2015: 'Croatia played a good match'] (in Croatian). Dubrovački vjesnik. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- Tonči Vlašić (2016-08-10). "Brasil Faz História, Vence A Poderosa Sérvia - Invicta a 45 Jogos - E Sonha Alto" [Brazil makes history, wins the powerful Serbia - unbeaten in 45 games - and big dreams] (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Desportos Aquáticos. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Stefano Greco (2007). La formazione come palestra della professionalità. Guida pratica all'utilizzo delle attività formative per le persone e le organizzazioni (in Italian). FrancoAngeli. p. 84. ISBN 9788846480910.
La squadra deve ‘sentire’ che le attenzioni di tutta la struttura organizzativa sono rivolte a lei. L’ambiente in cui si lavora è il primo fattore motivazionale. E la motivazione è l’elemento determinante per la vittoria di un team.
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