Rawson, Chubut

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rawson
Aerea Rawson.jpg
Flag of Rawson
Flag
Coat of arms of Rawson
Coat of arms
Rawson is located in Argentina
Rawson
Rawson
Location of Rawson in Argentina with Falkland Island
Coordinates: 43°18′S 65°6′W / 43.300°S 65.100°W / -43.300; -65.100Coordinates: 43°18′S 65°6′W / 43.300°S 65.100°W / -43.300; -65.100
Country Argentina
Province Chubut
DepartmentRawson
Named forGuillermo Rawson
Government
 • MayorRossana Artero
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
(2010 census)
 • Total24,616
Demonym(s)Rawsense
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA base
U9103
+540280
ClimateBWk
WebsiteOfficial website

Rawson (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈrau̯.son]; originally "Trerawson" from Welsh) is the capital of the Argentine province of Chubut, in Patagonia. It has 24,616 inhabitants in 2010, and it is the chief town of the Rawson Department.

The city is named after Guillermo Rawson (1821–1890), Argentine Minister of the Interior, who supported the Welsh settlement in Argentina.[citation needed]

Rawson is located about 1,360 km south of Buenos Aires, some 20 km from Trelew, and it is served by the Almirante Marco Andrés Zar Airport in Trelew. It lies on both sides of the Chubut River.

Fishing trawlers in Puerto Rawson

The city has a fishing port, Puerto Rawson, on the Atlantic coast, 5 km down the river.

History[edit]

First wooden bridge over the Chubut River

Rawson was the first town founded by the Welsh immigrants who sailed on the clipper "Mimosa" in 1865.[1]

The first bridge over the Chubut in Rawson was built of wood in 1889 by the carpenter and Welsh-language poet Griffith Griffiths (1829–1909), who wrote under the bardic name Gutyn Ebrill and established the Patagonia Gorsedd of Bards.[2][3][4] This bridge was destroyed by a flood ten years later, and was replaced by an iron bridge in 1917. In 2001 a decision was made to rename the iron bridge as Puente del Poeta (poet's bridge) in honor of Griffiths. A plaque was installed at the bridge with information on Griffiths.[5]

Map of the town

Twinned towns[edit]

Climate[edit]

Rawson experiences a borderline cool desert (Köppen BWk)/cool semi-arid (BSk) climate with hot summers, cool winters and low precipitation year-round.

Climate data for Trelew/Rawson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.3
(106.3)
40.4
(104.7)
39.5
(103.1)
35.3
(95.5)
29.5
(85.1)
27.7
(81.9)
24.8
(76.6)
27.4
(81.3)
31.3
(88.3)
36.4
(97.5)
38.3
(100.9)
41.2
(106.2)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
28.5
(83.3)
24.6
(76.3)
20.3
(68.5)
15.7
(60.3)
12.1
(53.8)
12.3
(54.1)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
20.9
(69.6)
25.7
(78.3)
27.9
(82.2)
20.8
(69.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
20.6
(69.1)
17.1
(62.8)
13.1
(55.6)
9.1
(48.4)
6.3
(43.3)
5.9
(42.6)
7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
13.8
(56.8)
18.0
(64.4)
20.3
(68.5)
13.6
(56.5)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
13.4
(56.1)
10.5
(50.9)
7.1
(44.8)
3.9
(39)
1.5
(34.7)
0.9
(33.6)
1.8
(35.2)
4.1
(39.4)
7.5
(45.5)
10.3
(50.5)
12.7
(54.9)
7.3
(45.1)
Record low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−10.7
(12.7)
−10.8
(12.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
−10.2
(13.6)
−8.0
(17.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−10.8
(12.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.9
(0.547)
11.3
(0.445)
21.4
(0.843)
28.3
(1.114)
21.6
(0.85)
23.4
(0.921)
20.9
(0.823)
13.5
(0.531)
12.5
(0.492)
20.9
(0.823)
10.1
(0.398)
12.3
(0.484)
210.1
(8.272)
Average precipitation days 4 4 6 6 7 9 7 7 7 7 4 5 73
Average relative humidity (%) 38.2 43.2 49.4 53.2 61.6 66.8 64.8 56.4 50.8 44.2 41.0 39.2 50.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 310.0 271.2 260.4 198.0 155.0 135.0 136.4 173.6 195.0 244.9 285.0 294.5 2,649.7
Percent possible sunshine 67.0 69.3 65.3 60.3 51.3 50.0 47.3 53.7 55.0 59.7 65.0 55.3 58.3
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional,[7]
Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (extremes, humidity and sun 1941–1990)[8]
Homeowner and his Merino sheep.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Mimosa". Clwyd Family History Society. 24 March 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  2. ^ "Una ciudad con identidad y acento propio (A city with its own identity and accent)". Diario Jornada (in Spanish). 15 September 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  3. ^ Pravaz, Sergio (8 July 2012). "Puentes (Bridges)". Diario Jornada (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Celtic and other Gorseddau". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Se bautizó el Puente del Poeta (The Poet's Bridge was baptized)". Diario Cronica (in Spanish). Comodoro Rivadavia, Argentina. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2015-06-07.
  7. ^ "Statistical Data (1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  8. ^ "Provincia de Chubut - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  • Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (in Spanish)

External links[edit]

Rawson Civic Centre, the provincial parliament.