Salta

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Salta
(From top to bottom; from left to right) View of the city from top of San Bernardo Hill; Colonial Cabildo; Cathedral of Salta; Ninth of July Plaza and the Victoria Theatre.
(From top to bottom; from left to right) View of the city from top of San Bernardo Hill; Colonial Cabildo; Cathedral of Salta; Ninth of July Plaza and the Victoria Theatre.
Coat of arms of Salta
Salta is located in Salta Province
Salta
Salta
Location of Salta in Argentina
Salta is located in Argentina
Salta
Salta
Salta (Argentina)
Coordinates: 24°47′S 65°25′W / 24.783°S 65.417°W / -24.783; -65.417Coordinates: 24°47′S 65°25′W / 24.783°S 65.417°W / -24.783; -65.417
Country Argentina
Province Salta
DepartmentCapital
Government
 • IntendentaBettina Romero (SNU)
Elevation
1,152 m (3,780 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Urban
535,303
 • Metro
619,000
Demonym(s)Salteño
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA base
A4400
Dialing code+54 387
ClimateCwb
WebsiteOfficial website

Salta (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsalta]) is the capital and most populous city in the Argentine province of the same name. With a population of 618,375 according to the 2010 census, it is also the 7th most-populous city in Argentina. The city serves as the cultural and economic center of the Valle de Lerma Metropolitan Area (Spanish: Área Metropolitana del Valle de Lerma, AMVL), which is home to over 50.9% of the population of Salta Province and also includes the municipalities of La Caldera, Vaqueros, Campo Quijano, Rosario de Lerma, Cerrillos, La Merced and San Lorenzo. Salta is the seat of the Capital Department, the most populous department in the province.

History[edit]

Panoramic view of Salta in the 19th century.

Salta was founded on April 16, 1582 by the Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma, who intended the settlement to be an outpost between Lima, Peru and Buenos Aires. The origin of the name Salta is a matter of conjecture, with several theories being advanced to explain it.

During the war of independence, the city became a commercial and military strategic point between Perú and the Argentine cities. Between 1816 and 1821, the city was led by local military leader General Martín Miguel de Güemes, who under the command of General José de San Martín, defended the city and surrounding area from Spanish forces coming from further north.

Salta emerged from the War of Independence politically in disarray and financially bankrupt, a condition that lingered throughout much of the 19th century. However, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the arrival of Italian, Spanish and Arab immigrants, particularly Syrians and Lebanese, revived trade and agriculture all over the area while further enhancing the city's multicultural flavor.

Climate[edit]

Salta has a subtropical highland climate (Cwb, according to the Köppen climate classification), and it is characterized by pleasant weather year-round.[1] Located in the subtropical north, but at an altitude of 1,200 metres, Salta enjoys 4 distinct seasons: summers are warm with frequent thunderstorms, with daytime highs around 26 to 28 °C (78.8 to 82.4 °F) and pleasant, refreshing nights around 15 or 16 °C (59 or 61 °F). Fall brings dry weather, pleasant days at around 22 °C (71.6 °F) and mild nights at around 10 °C (50.0 °F). By winter, the dryness is extreme, with very few rain episodes. Nights are cool at 3 °C (37.4 °F) on average, but daytime heating allows for high temperatures of 19 °C (66.2 °F). Snow is rare and frost is quite common, with temperatures reaching down to −7 °C (19.4 °F) during the coldest nights. Spring brings sunny weather with warm days and mild nights: days range from 25 to 28 °C (77.0 to 82.4 °F) with nights between 10 to 14 °C (50.0 to 57.2 °F). Salta's winters are rather warm for its elevation and far inland position for a location being just outside the tropics.

Of the over 700 millimetres (28 in) of rain that Salta receives yearly, over 80% falls between December and March, when thunderstorms occur almost daily. During the rest of the year, blue skies dominate the region. Seemingly incessant summer thunderstorms greatly rejuvenate the surrounding mountainous landscape, making the various hills and mountainsides within the vicinity of the city green and lush once again. Salta receives 1863 hours of bright sunshine each year or about 5.1 hours per day.[2] The highest recorded temperature was 39.9 °C (103.8 °F) on November 28, 1972 while the lowest recorded temperature was −9.4 °C (15.1 °F) on August 5, 1966.[3][4]

Climate data for Salta, Argentina (Martín Miguel de Güemes International Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1873–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.4
(97.5)
35.1
(95.2)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
37.2
(99.0)
36.5
(97.7)
37.8
(100.0)
38.9
(102.0)
39.9
(103.8)
38.7
(101.7)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
25.2
(77.4)
22.7
(72.9)
20.3
(68.5)
19.6
(67.3)
20.0
(68.0)
22.3
(72.1)
23.9
(75.0)
26.8
(80.2)
27.5
(81.5)
28.0
(82.4)
24.2
(75.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.5
(67.1)
16.6
(61.9)
13.1
(55.6)
10.6
(51.1)
10.1
(50.2)
12.7
(54.9)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
20.5
(68.9)
21.5
(70.7)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
15.7
(60.3)
15.3
(59.5)
11.9
(53.4)
7.6
(45.7)
4.1
(39.4)
2.9
(37.2)
4.9
(40.8)
7.3
(45.1)
11.8
(53.2)
14.1
(57.4)
15.9
(60.6)
10.7
(51.3)
Record low °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
4.8
(40.6)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−7.5
(18.5)
−8.7
(16.3)
−9.4
(15.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.5
(34.7)
6.2
(43.2)
−9.4
(15.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 192.6
(7.58)
154.2
(6.07)
110.6
(4.35)
33.0
(1.30)
8.0
(0.31)
1.5
(0.06)
3.9
(0.15)
3.8
(0.15)
7.6
(0.30)
25.1
(0.99)
62.2
(2.45)
145.6
(5.73)
748.1
(29.45)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.3 14.8 14.2 7.9 3.9 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.7 5.7 9.5 14.0 94.8
Average relative humidity (%) 78.2 81.0 83.7 82.9 80.5 75.5 69.1 62.8 58.2 61.2 67.1 73.1 72.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.3 134.4 105.4 117.0 136.4 120.0 173.6 195.3 162.0 182.9 171.0 164.3 1,826.6
Percent possible sunshine 39 37 28 33 40 37 52 56 45 47 43 39 41
Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional,[5] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (December record high),[4] Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[3]
Source 2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990),[6] UNLP (June sun only)[7]
Climate data for Salta INTA (located in Cerrillos) 1969–2009
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.6
(99.7)
33.9
(93.0)
33.9
(93.0)
33.0
(91.4)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
37.4
(99.3)
37.9
(100.2)
39.5
(103.1)
38.0
(100.4)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
26.1
(79.0)
24.9
(76.8)
22.6
(72.7)
20.5
(68.9)
19.3
(66.7)
19.9
(67.8)
21.9
(71.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
27.3
(81.1)
27.9
(82.2)
24.0
(75.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
19.4
(66.9)
16.7
(62.1)
13.5
(56.3)
10.9
(51.6)
10.7
(51.3)
12.9
(55.2)
15.4
(59.7)
18.9
(66.0)
20.4
(68.7)
21.4
(70.5)
16.8
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
15.9
(60.6)
15.4
(59.7)
12.2
(54.0)
8.2
(46.8)
4.8
(40.6)
3.8
(38.8)
5.4
(41.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.0
(53.6)
14.3
(57.7)
16.0
(60.8)
11.1
(52.0)
Record low °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
5.2
(41.4)
5.1
(41.2)
0.4
(32.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−5.1
(22.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.2
(32.4)
1.3
(34.3)
6.8
(44.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 184.6
(7.27)
131.5
(5.18)
105.0
(4.13)
26.8
(1.06)
7.6
(0.30)
2.3
(0.09)
3.4
(0.13)
3.7
(0.15)
6.8
(0.27)
23.7
(0.93)
60.0
(2.36)
132.5
(5.22)
688.0
(27.09)
Average relative humidity (%) 78 80 82 81 79 75 68 61 57 60 66 72 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 166.7 151.9 150.0 164.3 168.0 204.6 217.0 210.0 217.0 204.0 207.7 2,256.5
Percent possible sunshine 46 46 40 43 48 53 61 62 58 55 51 49 51
Source: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Attractions[edit]

The city centre features a number of buildings dating back to the 18th and 19th and early 20th centuries. Clockwise around the Ninth of July Square are the neoclassical Cathedral Shrine, the French style Museum of Contemporary Art, the Cabildo (in former times, the city's town hall, nowadays a historical museum) and the neoclassical Museum of High Mountain Archaeology, which houses artifacts from the Inca civilization, including the mummies of three Inca children. The Plaza is almost completely surrounded by a gallery.

Within walking distance of the 9th July Square are the Saint Francis Church and the city's three pedestrian streets: Alberdi, Florida and "Caseros". The three blocks in Balcarce street closest to the train station are now the centre of night life in Salta, with restaurants, pubs and cafés on both sidewalks and concerts every night.

Rising in the east is San Bernardo Hill. Its summit, from which visitors can get a view of the city and the entire valley, can be reached by car, cable car or stairway.

Culture and arts[edit]

Salta is probably the most Spanish city in Argentina by physical appearance: so much so that tourists visiting from Spain often find a strong resemblance between Salta and Andalucian cities. The local culture, however, is a blend of Spanish and gaucho (mestizo, criollo, both indigenous and non-indigenous) traditions, lending the city a distinctive identity, somewhat different from the more European-like metropolises to the south.

The city boasts three theatres, several museums (one of which exhibits the perfectly preserved bodies of c.500 year old Inca children sacrificed in the Andes to Inca gods[18]), and a busy calendar of art exhibitions, shows, music festivals, and other cultural events.

One of the main activities in Salta is the April Culture Festival, which lasts the entire month and offers a wide variety of activities such as cultural performances, a handcraft exposition, and live orchestral performances.

Sports[edit]

Salta residents, like most Argentines, are very enthusiastic about football. The most important local clubs are Juventud Antoniana, Gimnasia y Tiro de Salta, and Central Norte; many faithful fans follow each. These three clubs currently play in the third national division.

Other locally popular sports include baseball (a game in which Salta players excel nationally), basketball, volleyball, rugby, and mountaineering.

The main sporting venue in Salta is the Padre Ernesto Martearena Stadium; the Gimnasia y Tiro and Juventud Antoniana stadiums also see many athletic matches. The largest roofed facility in the city is the Ciudad de Salta Stadium, chiefly used for basketball, volleyball, and boxing.

Over the last forty years, Salta has played host to such high-profile international sporting events as the 1990 Basketball World Cup, the 1994 Camel Trophy, the 2002 Volleyball World Cup, and the 2009 Hockey Champions Challenge. The Argentina national rugby union team, the "Pumas", have played in Salta against Italy (2005),[19] England (2009),[20] (2013).[21] and South Africa (2016.)[22] Top football clubs, including Boca Juniors, River Plate and Racing, have played friendly games in Salta in summer, off-season matches.

The city was used as a stage on the route of the 2014 and 2016 Dakar Rally.

Politics of Salta[edit]

Salta is governed by a city council of 21 members. Following the elections of November 2013 the Workers' Party has 9 seats, the Justicialist Party has 6 seats, and there are 6 others.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Trivia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Di Fabio Rocca, Francisco; Albeza, María Virginia; Bárbara Postillone, María; Acreche, Noemí; Lafage, Lucía; Parolín, María Laura; Dejean, Cristina; Carnese, Francisco Raúl; Avena, Sergio (2016). "Historia poblacional y análisis antropogenético de la ciudad de Salta" (PDF). Andes (in Spanish). Salta, Argentina. 27. ISSN 0327-1676. Retrieved January 28, 2020.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Historia y Geografía" (in Spanish). Municipality of Salta. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Datos Climáticos de Argentina: Annuales" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Station Salta" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Salta, Salta". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  5. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales – período 1981–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  6. ^ "Salta Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas–Junio". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  8. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  9. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  10. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Máxima Media (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  11. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Media (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Mínima Media (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  13. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  14. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Precipitaciones Mensuales Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  15. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Humdedad Relativa Media (%) Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  16. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Heliofanía Relativa (Duración relativa del brillo solar) Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  17. ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Heliofanía Efectiva (Duración registrada del brillo solar) Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  18. ^ "Mummified Inca maiden wows crowds". BBC News. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  19. ^ Argentina v Italy scorecard at Scrum.com
  20. ^ national teams Argentine rugby fans deserve annual Test, by Brendan Gallagher for The Telegraph
  21. ^ "England too strong for Argentina". Espn.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  22. ^ "Argentina v South Africa – Rugby Union". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  23. ^ "CCA: When the pueblo was Hollywwod". Cca.edu. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  24. ^ U.S.-Argentine Co-productions, 1982–1990, by Tamara L. Falicov (University of Kansas), Page 7, Footnote 18
  25. ^ juliana (2006-07-12). "Robert Duvall's House of Jasmines". Hotelchatter.com. Retrieved 2014-04-22.

External links[edit]