Reading Lighthouse

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Reading Lighthouse
Tel Kudadi
Reading Light 2013.jpg
Reading Light in 2013
Reading Lighthouse is located in Israel
Reading Lighthouse
Location Tel Aviv, Israel
Coordinates 32°6′12.86″N 34°46′37.11″E / 32.1035722°N 34.7769750°E / 32.1035722; 34.7769750Coordinates: 32°6′12.86″N 34°46′37.11″E / 32.1035722°N 34.7769750°E / 32.1035722; 34.7769750
Year first constructed 1934
Year first lit 1935
Deactivated 1965
Foundation cylindrical stone basement
Construction concrete tower
Tower shape square parallelepiped tower, lantern removed
Markings / pattern formerly: black and white checkerboard
now: concrete
Height 17 metres (56 ft)
Characteristic Morse "A", two flashes, one long and one short, every 7s[1]
Admiralty number E5958 (former)

Reading Lighthouse (Hebrew: מגדלור רדינג‎‎), also known as Tel Kudadi Lighthouse, Hayarkon Lighthouse and Tel Aviv Lighthouse, is an inactive lighthouse in Tel Aviv, Israel. It is located near the beach on the north side of the Yarkon River Estuary, on the foot of the Tel Aviv south breakwater. It takes its name from the Reading Power Station which is close by.

The lighthouse played a role in several Israel films, such as Late Summer Blues, and appeared on an Israeli stamp issued 26 November 2009.[1]

History[edit]

The lighthouse was built by the British authorities in 1934-1935 to help ships approaching the shore pass local sandbars safely.[1] The company performing the construction was a French company, assisted by Arab locals.[2]

During its construction, a tel was found, and named Tel Kudadi. The tel was dug in 1936-1938 and remains of two Assyrian fortresses from the 8th century BC were discovered.

On 19 April 1936 the Arab revolt broke out, and a general strike began, crippling the Jaffa Port and threatening to stop the citrus fruit export. Against the wishes of the British authorities, the Jewish establishment decided to open Tel Aviv port as a competing port to Jaffa. The location chosen was at the Yarkon River Estuary, close to the lighthouse, and the lighthouse served as a navigation aid for the port.

Between 1937 and 1938 the Reading Power Station was built nearby.[3] Its tall lighted chimney made the lighthouse somewhat redundant and also obscured the light through a sector. However, the light continued to work, serving the adjacent electricity plant harbor as well. In 1965, when the port was officially closed due to the opening of the Ashdod Port in the south, the light was shut down.

In 2007 the Israeli Antiquities Authority built a wood boardwalk around the tel and the lighthouse, and it is now easily accessible to the public, though the tower itself is closed and all the windows barred.

The lighthouse was formerly painted in a black and white checkerboard pattern, and traces of the paint remain.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Lighthouses in Israel". Philately News. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  2. ^ "חופי הכרך תל אביב יפו" [On the waterfront Tel-Aviv Jaffa]. shezaf.net. Retrieved 27 July 2010.  Abu Musa describes in this text how his grandfather, who was the owner of the Beirut lighthouse, was called by the French company to assist in the construction.
  3. ^ Mordechai Naor (2003). ברכת החשמל [The Blessing of Electricity]. Yad Yitshak Ben Zvi. 


Reading Power Station A, c. 1938. Also seen is the lighthouse