Reginald Cuthbert Mills
15 September 1912
|Died||July 1990 (aged 77)|
Reginald "Reggie" Mills (15 September 1912 – July 1990) was an English film editor and one-time film director with more than thirty feature film credits. Among his prominent films are The Red Shoes (1948), for which he received his only Academy Award nomination, The Servant (1963), and Romeo and Juliet (1968).
Early life and career
Mills studied at Christ's College, Cambridge, graduating with a degree in modern languages in 1934. He was the assistant to David Lean (then an editor) on two films directed by Paul Czinner, As You Like It (1936) and Dreaming Lips (1937). Mills then worked for Publicity Films at Merton Park Studios, both as a director and editor of films for commercial clients.
During World War II (1939–1945) he was stationed in an anti-aircraft battery on the Thames Estuary throughout the whole of the London Blitz. He served with the Army Kinematograph Unit, and was the uncredited editor for a military orientation film, The New Lot (directed by Carol Reed-1943).
Years with Powell and Pressburger
After the war he began a fruitful association with the film-making partnership called "The Archers", which was led by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. His first credit was for A Matter of Life and Death (1946), followed by Black Narcissus (1947). Mills received an Academy Award nomination for his work on the Archers' ballet film, The Red Shoes (1948). A 2010 appreciation of the film by Peter Canavese notes Mills' contributions, "The still astonishing expressionistic dance sequence that stands as a performance of the Ballet Lermontov's The Red Shoes ... is rapturous, as a feast of theatrical lighting and Technicolor photography (shot by the brilliant cinematographer Jack Cardiff), the choreography of Robert Helpmann, the music of Brian Easdale and the montage of editor Reginald Mills." Implicitly acknowledging its editing, Michael Sragow wrote in 2011, "Yes, The Red Shoes is ecstatic entertainment. ... But is it realistic? Only in the manner of an Expressionist painting. Powell and Pressburger create a stylized, intoxicating environment that fuses art and life and dance and cinema." The Tales of Hoffmann (1951) also incorporated ballet in its adaptation of the original Offenbach opera, and André Bazin wrote at the time, "The cinema thus creates here a new artistic monster: the best legs adorned by the best voice. Not only is opera liberated from its material constraints but also from its human limitations. Lastly, dance itself is renewed by the photography and the editing, which allows a kind of choreography of the second degree where the rhythm of the dance is served by that of the cinema."
The Battle of the River Plate (1956) was Mills' last film with Powell and Pressburger, whose partnership broke up shortly thereafter. Mills had edited twelve films for The Archers.
Mills edited seven films with Joseph Losey, an American director who settled in Britain after being blacklisted at home. Mills edited Losey's first British film, The Sleeping Tiger (1954). Perhaps the most successful film of their collaboration was The Servant (1963), which is considered to be a high point in Losey's career. Mills had a fairly public artistic dispute with screenwriter Harold Pinter about the editing of The Servant that likely led to the end of Mills' collaboration with Losey. Losey and Mills did make one final film together (King & Country – 1964) that did not involve Pinter. Reginald Beck, who had edited two films with Losey prior to 1964, subsequently became Losey's principal editor for the rest of his career.
Other credits from this period include The Spanish Gardener (directed by Philip Leacock – 1956) and Joseph Strick's film Ulysses (1967), which adapted James Joyce's 1922 novel. Interviewing Strick in 2009, Henry K. Miller wrote, "the long montage sequence that accompanies Molly is a tour de force. Mills 'added something to the picture,' says Strick, describing a quick-cut counterpoint to Molly's fantasy about picking up a sailor."
Mills directed the ballet film The Tales of Beatrix Potter (1971); the film, which is without dialogue, weaves dances choreographed by Sir Frederick Ashton and performed by the members of the Royal Ballet. The film received some favourable reviews, and has been released to DVD (2004) and to Blu-ray (2011), the latter a restored version celebrating the film's 40th anniversary. Mills subsequently produced the documentary Franco Zeffirelli: A Florentine Artist (1973) based on the filming of Zeffirelli's Brother Sun, Sister Moon; the documentary was not included in the 2004 DVD release of the film.
He received BAFTA nominations for his editing of two films with director Franco Zeffirelli: Romeo and Juliet (1968) and Jesus of Nazareth (1977). Mills was the supervising editor for Zeffirelli's Brother Sun, Sister Moon (1972). Mills last credit was as consulting editor on still another Zeffirelli picture, The Champ (1979).
- Caute, David (1994). Joseph Losey: A Revenge on Life. Oxford University Press. p. 12. Discusses the Mills-Pinter dispute and the editing of The Servant.
- "Reggie Mills: His Work with Powell and Pressburger". 2001. Useful discussion of Mills' work with The Archers, apparently based on Powell's autobiography.
- Reginald Mills on IMDb
- Perkins, Roy; Stollery, Martin (2004). "Reginald Mills". British Film Editors: The Heart of the Movie. British Film Institute.
- 'University News', The Times, 20 June 1932.
- Brown, Geoff. "The New Lot (1943)". British Film Institute.
- Sragow, Michael (24 February 2011). "If you liked (or hated) 'Black Swan,' you'll love 'Red Shoes'". The Baltimore Sun.
- Bazin is quoted (and translated) in Kimmer, Leila (2009). Cross-channel Perspectives: the French Reception of British Cinema. Peter Lang. p. 54. ISBN 978-3-03911-360-6.
- Palmer, James; Riley, Michael (1993). The Films of Joseph Losey. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-38780-4.
(Losey's) disappointment with Eva, however, was followed by the great success of the first of his three extraordinary films with Harold Pinter, The Servant, which marked a turning point in his career.
- Nafus, Chale. "The Servant: Program Notes". Austin Film Society. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
Reginald Mills began editing right after the first dailies. He produced a rough cut the very first day after production ended. However, acting like Hugo Barrett, he began slyly subverting the screenplay by cutting many of Pinter's repetitions of dialogue. Once said was enough for Mills, but Pinter preferred to show his characters grasping for a better way to say what they mean or to emphasize something already said. For the most part Mills prevailed, much to Pinter's dislike. After Mills gave a particularly insensitive and condescending interview about Pinter and THE SERVANT for a British magazine, Pinter wrote him a scathing letter which included the final sentence: “go and fuck yourself, a function I am certain you will discharge with the utmost professionalism.” In that case Pinter found no need to repeat himself. He had said it precisely and needed no further improvement.
- Sloman, Tony (29 July 1992). "Obituary: Reginald Beck". The Independent.
- Norris, Margo (2004). Ulysses. Cork University Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-85918-293-2.
A number of highly talented people worked on the film with Joseph Strick. His editor, Reginald Mills, had edited Black Narcissus in 1947 and received an Academy Award nomination for his editing of the 1948 film, The Red Shoes. He went on to edit the 1968 Franco Zeffirelli film Romeo and Juliet.
- Miller, Henry K. (2009). "Slow bloom: Joseph Strick". Sight & Sound. British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Roger Ebert gave the film four stars. See Ebert, Roger (19 November 1971). "Peter Rabbit and the Tales of Beatrix Potter". Chicago Sun-Times.
The stories are told simply and directly and with a certain almost clumsy charm. Instead of going for perfection in the dancing, the Royal Ballet dancers have gone for characterizations instead. The various animals have their quirks and eccentricities, and they are fairly authentic: The frog dances like a frog, for example, and not like Nureyev.
- Nield, Anthony (6 April 2011). "Tales of Beatrix Potter". The Digital Fix: Film.
- "Franco Zeffirelli: A Florentine Artist". The New York Times.
- Erickson, Glenn (12 March 2004). "DVD Savant Review: Brother Sun, Sister Moon".
- "Powell & Pressburger Images – Reginald Mills". powell-pressburger.org. Two photos of Mills from the late 1940s; posted at a website devoted to Powell, Pressburger, and The Archers.