Robert A. Rushworth
|Robert A. Rushworth|
|Born||Robert Aitken Rushworth
October 9, 1924
Madison, Maine, U.S.
|Died||March 17, 1993
Camarillo, California, U.S.
|UMaine, B.Eng 1951
AFIT, B.S. 1954
|Rank||Major General, USAF|
|Selection||1958 MISS Group|
|Missions||X-15 Flight 87|
|Retirement||June 1, 1981|
James H. Doolittle Award
Robert Aitken "Bob" Rushworth (October 9, 1924 – March 17, 1993), (Maj Gen, USAF), was an American World War II, Korean War and Vietnam War pilot, mechanical and aeronautical engineer, and United States Air Force test pilot for the North American X-15 program.
Early life and education
Rushworth was born in Madison, Maine on October 9, 1924. He graduated from Madison Memorial High School in 1942. After attending Hebron Academy from which he graduated in June 1943, and joining the United States Army Air Forces, he studied Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maine, receiving a Bachelor of Engineering degree in 1951. He also received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the U.S. Air Force Institute of Technology in 1954. In 1967 he graduated from the National War College in Washington D.C.
In 1944 Rushworth earned his pilot wings. His first assignment was with the 12th Combat Cargo Squadron. He flew C-47 Skytrains and C-46s as a transport pilot in World War II, as well as F-80Cs, F-101 Voodoos, TF-102s, F-104 Starfighters, F-105 Thunderchiefs, F-106 Delta Darts, and F-4 Phantom IIs. During Korean War, Rushworth served as a F-80C Shooting Star pilot with the 49th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Dow Air Force Base.
Following his graduation from the U.S. Air Force Institute of Technology in 1954, Rushworth stayed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. Among his duties was to serve at the Directorate of Flight and All-Weather Testing. There he specialized in the development and flight testing of experimental automatic flight control systems. He graduated from the Air Force Experimental Flight Test Pilot School (Class 56C) in 1957, and was selected for the X-15 program in 1958. He made his first flight on November 4, 1960. Over the next six years, he made 34 flights in the X-15, the most of any pilot. This included a flight to an altitude of 285,000 feet, made on June 27, 1963. This flight above 50 miles qualified Rushworth for Astronaut Wings, though he would have attained that honor sooner had the USAF Man In Space Soonest project proceeded according to plan.
On a later X-15 flight, he was awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross for successfully landing a North American X-15 after its nose wheel extended while flying at nearly Mach 5. He made his final X-15 flight on July 1, 1966, then returned to regular Air Force duties. These included a tour in Vietnam as an F-4 Phantom II pilot, flying 189 combat missions. He also served as the Commander of the Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and as the Commander of the Air Force Test and Evaluation Center at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico.
Rushworth was a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, and in 1975 received the SETP's James H. Doolittle Award for "outstanding accomplishment in technical management or engineering achievement in aerospace technology". Rushworth retired on June 1, 1981.
Awards and honors
Military and NASA awards
- Command Pilot Wings with astronaut device
- Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster
- Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak leaf clusters
- Air Medal
- Meritorious Service Medal
- Air Force Commendation Medal
- NASA Exceptional Service Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- National Defense Service Medal with star
- Vietnam Service Medal
- Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
Other awards and honors
- Iven C. Kincheloe Award
- James H. Doolittle Award
- John J. Montgomery Award
- Member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots
- Enshrined in the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1990.
- Inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1991.
- Inducted posthumously into the Aerospace Walk of Honor in 1994.
- Thompson, Milton O. (1992) At The Edge Of Space: The X-15 Flight Program, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. ISBN 1-56098-107-5