Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns

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Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns Ltd (RSH) was a locomotive builder with works in North East England.

History[edit]

Builders plate from NZGR Ew 1805 locomotive

The company was formed in September 1937 when Robert Stephenson and Company, which was based in Darlington, took over the locomotive building department of Hawthorn Leslie and Company, based in Newcastle upon Tyne.[1] The goodwill of Leeds locomotive builders Kitson & Co. was obtained in 1938.

RSH locomotive numbering began at 6939, this being the first number following the sum total of locomotives built by Robert Stephenson & Co. and Hawthorn Leslie, (6938).

RSH became part of English Electric in 1955.

Locomotive building at the Newcastle upon Tyne works ended in 1961 and at Darlington in 1964.

Diesel locomotives[edit]

RSH entered the diesel locomotive market in November 1937 with a "direct reversing" locomotive fitted with a Crossley two-stroke engine. There was no reversing gearbox and the diesel engine itself was reversible, as in marine practice. When starting, in either direction, power was supplied by compressed air until the engine fired.[2] One of these locomotives, Beryl (RSH 7697/1953), is preserved at the Tanfield Railway. After the 1955 modernisation plan of British Railways RSH responded by building the following class of diesel locomotives some of which are preserved (Including D306 & D318).

Preservation[edit]

Location Name Works Number Built Arrangement Gauge
Ferrymead Heritage Park, Christchuch, NZ NZ EW 1806 1951 Bo-Bo-Bo 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
NZR EW class locomotive 02.JPG

New Zealand EW class locomotive

Darlington Railway Preservation Society GB No. 39 6947 1938 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On display
Beamish Museum GB Roker 7006 1940 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Beamish Museum 2016 098.jpg

On static display awaiting overhaul

Tanfield Railway GB Hendon 7007 1940 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
East Anglian Railway Museum GB Pen Green (now Thomas) 7031 1941 0-6-0ST (now with side tanks also) 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
54 first public steaming.jpg

Operational, converted into a Thomas the Tank Engine replica in March 2008, boiler ticket expires in 2027

Tanfield Railway GB Lysaghts 7035 1940 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Chatham Historic Dockyard GB Ajax 7042 1941 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Ajax Chatham Historic Dockyard.JPG

Operational, worked for the Ministry of Defence

Gwili Railway GB Olwen 7058 1942 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Bronwydd Arms Gwili Railway geograph-3282182-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg

Undergoing overhaul

Foxfield Light Railway GB Eustace Forth 7063 1942 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Saddle tank locomotive, Locomotion Shildon, 28 April 2010.JPG

Operational, boiler ticket expires in 2027

Keighley and Worth Valley Railway GB Southwick 7069 1942 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Stored awaiting overhaul
Bressingham Steam Museum GB Millfield 7070 1942 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Crane tank.JPG

Static display.

Tanfield Railway GB 7078 1944 Bo-Bo 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Built for 500v DC overhead system at Kearsley Power Station
Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway GB Norman 7086 1943 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul; built as Austerity WD 75050
Strathspey Railway GB 7097 1943 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Boat of Garten - geograph.org.uk - 38637.jpg

Awaiting overhaul; built as Austerity WD 75061

Tanfield Railway GB NCB No. 49 7098 1943 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Tanfield Railway pic 9.jpg

Operational (Returned to traffic July 2018, Boiler tickets expires 2028); built as Austerity WD 75062

Peak Rail GB Royal Pioneer 7136 1944 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
'Royal Pioneer' enters Darley Dale station- - geograph.org.uk - 1650017.jpg

Undergoing overhaul, built as Austerity WD 75186

Dean Forest Railway GB No. 152 Rennes 7139 1944 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Rennes WD152.jpg

Operational, painted in Longmoor Military Railway livery

Avon Valley Railway GB 7151 1944 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
RSH 7151, Hunslet 1837.JPG

Stored awaiting overhaul.

Pontypool and Blaenavon Railway GB 71515 Mechanical Navvy 7169 1945 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn 7159 (6238876664).jpg

Withdrawn Sept. 2018; built as Austerity WD 71515

Gwili Railway GB Welsh Guardsman 7170 1944 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational following a return to service in 2014; built as Austerity WD 71516
Midland Railway - Butterley GB George 7214 1945 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration
Electric Railway Museum, Warwickshire GB Doug Tottman 7284 1945 Bo-Bo 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn 7284 (6250860062).jpg

Built for Kearsley Power Station, rebuilt as battery electric for Heysham Power Station

Tyseley Locomotive Works GB Fred 7289 1945 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul; built as Austerity WD 71480
National Coal Mining Museum GB Progress 7298 1946 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Static display
Elsecar Railway GB Birkenhead 7386 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Steam locomotive - Elsecar Heritage Railway (geograph 5419367).jpg

Undergoing overhaul

Tanfield Railway GB Sir Cecil A. Cochrane 7409 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Cochrane No.2.jpg

Operational

Private site GB Norwood 7412 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration off site
Museum of Science and Industry (Manchester) GB Agecroft No. 1 7416 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns 0-4-0ST Agecroft No 1 7416, MOSI, Manchester 23.07.2011 P7230049 (9859706253).jpg

Operational

Ribble Steam Railway GB Agecroft No. 2 7485 1947 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Ribble Steam Railway - geograph.org.uk - 558035.jpg

On static display awaiting overhaul

Mainline Steam Heritage Trust NZ EW 1805 7491 1951 Bo-Bo-Bo 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Electric Locomotives Near Paekakariki.jpg

New Zealand EW class electric

Snibston Discovery Park GB Mars No. 2 7493 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Battlefield Line Railway GB Richard III 7537 1949 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
BattlefieldLine3.JPG

Stored out of use

Lincolnshire Wolds Railway GB Zebedee 7597 1949 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul
East Somerset Railway GB Meteor 7609 1950 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration
Didcot Railway Centre GB Bonnie Prince Charlie 7644 1951 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Bonnie Prince Charlie Didcot.jpg

On static display awaiting overhaul

Great Central Railway GB Nechells No. 4 7648 1951 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Chasewater Heaths Station - Chasewater Light Railway (geograph 4367493).jpg

Undergoing overhaul

Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway GB Beano 7661 1959 0-4-0 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Stored awaiting overhaul
Great Central Railway (Nottingham) GB Ruddington 7667 1950 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
No. 56 steaming.JPG

Stored awaiting overhaul

Spa Valley Railway GB Samson 7668 1950 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Restoration on hold
Colne Valley Railway GB Jupiter 7671 1951 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Colne Valley Railway Preservation Society (2).jpg

Built for the Corby Ironstone works. Undergoing overhaul

Spa Valley Railway GB Ugly 7673 1950 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
14I09I2013 Spa Valley Railway C5.jpg

Operational

Fulstow Steam Centre GB Fulstow 7680 1950 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Whitwell and Reepham Railway GB Agecroft No. 3 7681 1951 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul
North Tyneside Steam Railway GB No. 1 Ted Garrett 7683 1951 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
North Tyneside Railway, at Percy Main - geograph.org.uk - 435704.jpg

Static display awaiting restoration

Tanfield Railway GB Beryl 7697 1953 0-6-0DM 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting repair
Garw Valley GB 7705 7705 1952 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration
Tanfield Railway GB NCB No. 44 7760 1953 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
RSH 7760.jpg

Awaiting restoration

Great Central Railway (Nottingham) GB Corby 7761 1954 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
NTHC and BCM 017.JPG

Stored awaiting overhaul

Tanfield Railway GB NCB No. 38 7763 1954 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Tanfield Railway pic 10.jpg

Awaiting overhaul

Weardale Railway GB NCB No. 40 7765 1954 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul
Tanfield Railway GB CEGB No. 21 7797 1954 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
CEGB no21.jpg

Awaiting overhaul

Tanfield Railway GB No. 47 7800 1954 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
RSH 7800.jpg

Awaiting restoration, ex Celynen South Power Station

Midland Railway - Butterley GB Castle Donington Power Station No. 1 7817 1954 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Castle Donington No.1 at the Colne Valley Railway (1).jpg

Undergoing overhaul

Yaxham GB Castle Donington Power Station No. 2 7818 1954 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting overhaul
Tanfield Railway GB NCB No. 16 7944 1957 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
RSH 7944.jpg

Awaiting restoration

Dales Countryside Museum GB 67345 7845 1955 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Exhibit - geograph.org.uk - 1601417.jpg

On display, built for CEGB Hams Hall Power Station

Ferryhill Railway Heritage Trust GB North Downs 7846 1955 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Stored awaiting overhaul
Gwili Railway GB Moorbarrow 7849 1955 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Cranmore - Moorbarrow taking water.JPG

Undergoing overhaul

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://apps.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=183-dshl&ci
  2. ^ Industrial Railway Record no. 169, June 2002, pp 146-158, ISSN 0537-5347
  • Industrial Railway Society : Various publications.