Roland Brückner (born 14 December 1955) is a retired German gymnast. He competed at the 1976 and 1980 Summer Olympics in all artistic gymnastics events and won a bronze and a silver medal in the team competition, respectively. Individually he won a gold in the floor exercise and two bronze medals in the vault and parallel bars in 1980. He won two more gold medals in the floor exercise at the 1979 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships and 1981 European championships. He missed the 1984 Summer Olympics due to their boycott by East Germany and competed at the Friendship Games instead, winning a gold on the floor and a silver in the team competition.
He retired from competitions shortly after the 1984 Friendship Games and later worked as a trainer, near Ulm in Germany and at the NKL Liestal, Switzerland. He was chosen the 1984 Gymnast of the Year in East Germany. He is married and has two children, Sandra and Thomas.