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Rosy retrospection refers to the finding that subjects later rate past events more positively than they had actually rated them when the event occurred, reminiscent of the Latin phrase memoria praeteritorum bonorum ("The memory of the good pasts").
The effect appears to be stronger[clarification needed] with moderately pleasant events and is usually explained as a result of minor annoyances and dislikes "fading" from memory dramatically faster than positive situations.
A related idiom, to "see through rose-tinted (or "rose-colored") glasses", means a perception of a situation or a past event in an over-positive way, not noticing or recalling undesirable or negative aspects.
In one group of experiments, three groups going on different vacations were interviewed before, during and after their journeys. Most followed the pattern of initial anticipation, followed by mild disappointment. Generally, most subjects some time later reviewed the events more favorably than they actually did while experiencing them.
- Terence R. Mitchell; Leigh Thompson; Erika Peterson; Randy Cronk (1997). "Temporal Adjustments in the Evaluation of Events: The "Rosy View"". Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 33 (4): 421–448. doi:10.1006/jesp.1997.1333. PMID 9247371.
- Mitchell, T.; Thompson, L. (1994). "A theory of temporal adjustments of the evaluation of events: Rosy Prospection & Rosy Retrospection". In Stubbart, C.; Porac, J.; Meindl, J. Advances in managerial cognition and organizational information-processing (PDF). 5. Greenwich, CT: JAI press. pp. 85–114. ISBN 1-55938-447-6.