Süderende

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Süderende
Söleraanj / Syderende
Süderende's main road
Süderende's main road
Location of Süderende
Söleraanj / Syderende within Nordfriesland district
Suederende in NF.PNG
Süderende Söleraanj / Syderende is located in Germany
Süderende Söleraanj / Syderende
Süderende
Söleraanj / Syderende
Süderende Söleraanj / Syderende is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Süderende Söleraanj / Syderende
Süderende
Söleraanj / Syderende
Coordinates: 54°43′34″N 8°26′28″E / 54.72611°N 8.44111°E / 54.72611; 8.44111Coordinates: 54°43′34″N 8°26′28″E / 54.72611°N 8.44111°E / 54.72611; 8.44111
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
DistrictNordfriesland
Municipal assoc.Föhr-Amrum
Government
 • MayorChristian Roeloffs
Area
 • Total2.59 km2 (1.00 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total182
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
25938
Dialling codes04683
Vehicle registrationNF
Websitewww.suederende-foehr.de

Süderende (Fering: Söleraanj, Danish: Syderende) is a municipality on the island of Föhr in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
166752—    
167865+25.0%
168976+16.9%
170086+13.2%
1711100+16.3%
1722108+8.0%
1787122+13.0%
1801136+11.5%
1834168+23.5%
1860146−13.1%
1880133−8.9%
1900167+25.6%
1939162−3.0%
1961160−1.2%
1982154−3.7%
2016182+18.2%
Source: [2][3]

The place used to belong to Oldsum, being its southern edge. After Denmark's loss of Schleswig to Prussia in 1864 and the subsequent municipal reformation when Prussia eventually annexed Schleswig-Holstein in 1867, Süderende became independent.

In the 17th century a private navigation school was established in Süderende by pastor Richardus Petri which was the first of its kind on the island. It improved the situation of the seafaring population considerably and soon other navigators opened own schools across Föhr. Although Petri lead the Süderende school successfully for many years he never sailed to sea himself.[4] A census in 1787 showed that Süderende had 122 inhabitants, 27 of whom were seafarers.[5]

Language[edit]

The common language among the locals is Fering. The language is being kept alive by being passed on to the next generation by many of the inhabitants.

Education[edit]

Süderende has got the elementary school for western Föhr, which also hosts the lutheran kindergarten of the St. Laurentii parish.

Sights[edit]

The church of St. Lawrence

On the southern edge of the village the church of St. Lawrence is located, originally a roman style construction from the 12th century made of stone, which was later extended using bricks. These bricks dominate today's view of the church. In the 1990s, Renaissance paintings were uncovered on the church's ceiling. In the ample graveyard the tombs of Matthias Petersen and Oluf Braren can be seen among others.

Politics[edit]

Since the communal elections of 2008, the Süderender Wählergemeinschaft holds six out of seven seats in the council. The seventh seat is held by a single candidate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2018 (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. ^ Roeloffs, Brar C. (1984). Von der Seefahrt zur Landwirtschaft (in German). Neumünster: Karl Wachholtz Verlag. p. 38. ISBN 3-529-06184-0.
  3. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2016]"
  4. ^ Faltings, Volkert F., ed. (1985). Kleine Namenkunde für Föhr und Amrum (in German). Hamburg: Helmut Buske. p. 31. ISBN 3-87118-680-5.
  5. ^ Faltings, Jan I. (2011). Föhrer Grönlandfahrt im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert (in German). Amrum: Verlag Jens Quedens. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-3-924422-95-0.

External links[edit]