Sadeq Tabatabaei

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Sadeq Tabatabaei
Sadeq Tabatabaei as Spokesman for the interim government of Iran - 1979 (2).jpg
Prime Minister of Iran
Acting[1]
In office
6 November 1979 – 12 August 1980
President Council of Revolution
Preceded by Mehdi Bazargan
Succeeded by Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Deputy Prime Minister of Iran for Public Relations
In office
August 1979 – 6 November 1979
Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan
Preceded by Abbas Amir-Entezam
Succeeded by Vacant
Personal details
Born (1943-12-12)12 December 1943
Qom, Iran
Died 21 February 2015(2015-02-21) (aged 71)
Düsseldorf, Germany
Nationality Iranian
Political party Moderation and Development Party (1999–2015)
Independent (1980–1999)
Freedom Movement (1969–1980)
Spouse(s) Fatemeh Sadrameli (1965–2015, his death)
Relations Musa al-Sadr (uncle)
Ahmad Khomeini (brother-in-law)
Hassan Khomeini (nephew)
Children 2
Alma mater Ruhr University Bochum
Profession Politician, writer and TV host
Website sadeghtabatabai.com

Sadeq Tabatabaei (Persian: صادق طباطبایی‎‎; 25 March 1943 – 21 February 2015) was an Iranian writer, journalist, TV host, university professor at the University of Tehran and politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister from 1979 to 1980. He was also Deputy Minister of the Interior and oversaw the referendum on establishing an Islamic Republic in March 1979. He was Iran's Ambassador to West Germany from 1982 until 1986.

Early life and family[edit]

Tabatabaei was born on 12 December 1943 in the city of Qom. He was the son of Ayatollah Mohammad-Bagher Tabatabaei and nephew of Musa al-Sadr.[2][3][4][5][6] His sister, Fatemeh was married to Ahmad Khomeini, son of Ruhollah Khomeini, thereby making him the uncle of Hassan Khomeini. After completing his elementary education, he moved to Germany along with his uncle, Musa al-Sadr and began studying in chemistry at Ruhr University Bochum.[7] After graduating, he became a professor at the university and also a member of Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).[citation needed]

In 1961, Sadegh Tabatabai went to Aachen to study biochemistry and later received his doctorate from the University of Bochum. While in Aachen, he organized a student group that campaigned against Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[citation needed] In 1967, he handled Ulrike Meinhof material about Iran, which was used in a famous column in Konkret magazine opposing the Shah's visit to West Germany that year. Tabatabai gave a speech at the grave of Benno Ohnesorg, an unarmed university student who was shot during a demonstration against the Shah's visit to the Deutsche Oper in Berlin by Karl-Heinz Kurras, a police officer later discovered to be an agent of the East German secret police, the Stasi.[8]

Political career[edit]

During studying, he met with Mehdi Bazargan and joined his party, Freedom Movement.[citation needed] He became a supporter of Ruhollah Khomeini and published many articles about him and his movement in German newspapers.[citation needed] He had served many coordination meetings with Khomeini at Paris. After Iranian Revolution victory, he became Head of Department of Political and Social at Ministry of Interior and assumed the task of holding the 1979 referendum which resulted in the establishment of the Islamic Republic.[citation needed] After that, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister by Mehdi Bazargan just hours before his resignation. He was also spokesman of the caretaker government and held the post until Mohammad-Ali Rajai became new prime minister. He was also a candidate in the 1980 presidential election, placing fifth among one hundred and twenty-seven candidates.[9]

Tabatabaei was with Khomeini during his exile in Paris, in the suburb of Neauphle-le-Chateau, accompanying him on his return to Iran on the Air France plane on 1 February 1979, along with Sadegh Khalkhali and Peter Scholl-Latour, a Franco-German journalist. By his own admission Tabatabai had "been one of eight people in Europe and America, who had prepared revolution abroad and kept in contact with Khomeini."

From 1979 to 1982, Tabatabai worked in various government offices, first as deputy interior minister[10] and government spokesman.[11] From November 1979 to September 1980 he served as Secretary of State in the Prime Minister's office. On 21 March 1980, Tabatabai met Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher, to discuss a possible ending of the hostage crisis in Tehran in Bonn in 1980. The conversation remained without concrete results. Tabatabai remained in touch with the German government and informed German authorities of the state of discussions in government and in parliament.[12] This took place on 26 October 1980 in a telephone conversation between Tabatabai and Foreign Minister Genscher, in which Tabatabai informed about the debate in Parliament. On 16 and 18 September 1980 Tabatabai met Foreign Minister Genscher and US Deputy Secretary of State Warren Christopher in Bonn to discuss the next steps in the hostage issue.

Subsequently, he was responsible for the procurement of arms and travelled abroad as a special envoy of the Iranian Government.[13] In this regard, he was involved in arms trade scandals[14] and drug smuggling in Germany in 1982 and 1983. In 1982, Tabatabai retracted to his own statements from the policy, but on 8 January 1983, he was held with 1.65 kg of raw opium in his suitcase at Düsseldorf airport by customs officials, and released on bail.[15][16] His status as a special envoy was confirmed in 1983 by the Iranian government.

He was also a possible candidate for 2009 election which he withdrew in favor of Mohsen Rezaee and later became one of his advisers and campaign members. He was also his deputy manager of campaign in 2013 election and possible vice president candidate.

Death[edit]

On 21 February 2015, he died in Düsseldorf, Germany, where he had resided for the last six months. He was suffering from lung cancer.[17] [18] His body was transferred to Iran and was buried at Ruhollah Khomeini's mausoleum in Tehran after a public funeral that held on 26 February.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

He was married to his cousin, Fatemeh Sadrameli in 1965, a graduate of psychology and sociology of education. The couple have one daughter Ghazaleh, born 1973 who is a physician and neurologist and one son named Adnan, born in 1979 and a Political Economy PhD He was nephew of Musa al-Sadr.[citation needed] Ahmad Khomeini was also his brother-in-law (his sister was married to Ruhollah Khomeini's son Ahmad) and Hassan Khomeini is his nephew.[citation needed]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ «صادق طباطبایی؛ سیاستمداری با ظاهری متفاوت و کارنامه‌ای متنوع»
  2. ^ Chehabi, Hussein; Abisaab, Rula Jurdi (2006). Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1860645617.
  3. ^ Ataie, Mohammad (2013). "Revolutionary Iran's 1979 Endeavor in Lebanon". Middle East Policy Council. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Another pro-Amal figure in the provisional government was Musa Sadr's nephew, Sadeq Tabatabai (...)
  4. ^ "Funeral ceremony held for late Sadeq Tabatabaei". Ettela'at. 1 July 2016. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Sadeq Tabatabaei was born on December 12, 1943 in the city of Qom. He was son of Ayatollah Mohammad Baqer Tabatabaei and nephew of Imam Musa Sadr.
  5. ^ Marjai, Farid (2011). "Musa Sadr in Libya?". Payvand. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Sadeq Tabatabai of the Provisional Government in Iran was a nephew of Imam Sadr
  6. ^ "Imam Grandson, Iranian President Condole Tabatabai's Passing Away". en.imam-khomeini.ir. 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Late Seyed Sadegh Tabatabai , who recently passed away, has been brother in law of late Hajjat al-Islam Seyyed Ahmad Khomeini, son of the founder of the Islamic Republic and nephew of Imam Musa Sadr.
  7. ^ Iranian Hostage Crisis: West Germany's Secret Role in Ending the Drama, Der Spiegel, August 4, 2015
  8. ^ Spy Fired Shot That Changed West Germany, New York Times, May 27, 2009
  9. ^ Sadeq Tabatabei
  10. ^ Montreal Gazette. "Separatists battle as Iran drafts constitution". 28 March 1979, p. 24. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  11. ^ Spartanburg Herald-Journal. "Iranians Battle Kurdish Rebels". 19 August 1979, p. A14. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  12. ^ Trimborn, Harry. "West Germans Lauded For Aid During Hostage Crisis". Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 29 January 1981, p. 5-A. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  13. ^ Bergman, Ronen (September 9, 2008). The Secret War with Iran: The 30-Year Clandestine Struggle Against the World's Most Dangerous Terrorist Power. Simon and Schuster. p. 46. ISBN 141655839X. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  14. ^ Palm Beach Post. "Paper Says Iran Cheated in Weapons Deal". 29 April 1982, p. A16. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  15. ^ The Courier (Prescott, Ariz.). "Khomeini's kin arrested". 13 January 1983, p. 6A. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  16. ^ "Iran official denies fleeing", Spokane Chronicle, March 12, 1983, page 2
  17. ^ صادق طباطبایی درگذشت (in Persian)
  18. ^ sadegh tabatabaei died

External links[edit]