Sak K'uk'

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Sak K'uk'
Queen of Palenque
Sak K'uk' in 615
Reign October, 612 – 615
Predecessor K'inich Janaab Pakal (position uncertain) or Ajen Yohl Mat
Successor K'inich Janaab Pakal I
Died September 12, 640(640-09-12)
Spouse K'an Mo' Hix
Issue K'inich Janaab Pakal I
Ajen Yohl Mat?
Father K'inich Janaab Pakal
Mother Yohl Ik'nal or unknown
Religion Maya religion

Sak K'uk'[N 1] also known as Muwaan Mat, Lady Sak K'uk' and Lady Beastie, was queen of the Maya city-state of Palenque. She acceded to the throne in October, 612 and ruled until 615.[N 2][1]


Her father was K'inich Janaab Pakal and her mother was Yohl Ik'nal or unknown.[2] As Janaab Pakal seems to have had no male heirs, she ascended to the throne on 19 October 612, a few months after her father's death. After his maturity, her son K'inich Janaab Pakal I again succeeded her as ruler on 26 July 615. She seems to have continued to wield considerable influence over Palenque in the early decades of her father's reign. She was probably mother of Ajen Yohl Mat.[3][4]

Glyph of Sak K'uk'


  1. ^ The ruler's name, when transcribed is ?-[MUWA:N]MAT.
  2. ^ These are the dates indicated on the Maya inscriptions in Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, Acceded: 9 Etz'nab 6 Keh.


  1. ^ Skidmore, Joel (2010). The Rulers of Palenque (PDF) (Fifth ed.). Mesoweb Publications. p. 67. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Skidmore, Joel (2010). The Rulers of Palenque (PDF) (Fifth ed.). Mesoweb Publications. pp. 56–57. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Skidmore, Joel (2010). The Rulers of Palenque (PDF) (Fifth ed.). Mesoweb Publications. pp. 67–70. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  4. ^ Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2008). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya (2nd ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 159–161. ISBN 9780500287262. OCLC 191753193. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Janahb Pakal (position uncertain) or Ajen Yohl Mat
Queen of Palenque
October 19, 612 – 615
Succeeded by
K'inich Janaab Pakal I