San José del Cabo

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San José del Cabo
Añiñi
Downtown San José del Cabo (2012)
Downtown San José del Cabo (2012)
San José del Cabo is located in Baja California Sur
San José del Cabo
San José del Cabo
Location in Baja California Sur
Coordinates: 23°03′41″N 109°42′29″W / 23.06139°N 109.70806°W / 23.06139; -109.70806Coordinates: 23°03′41″N 109°42′29″W / 23.06139°N 109.70806°W / 23.06139; -109.70806
Country  Mexico
State Baja California Sur
Municipality Los Cabos
Elevation 45 m (148 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 69,788
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)

San José del Cabo (Spanish pronunciation: [san xo'se ðel 'kaβo], Saint Joseph of the Cape) is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos.

Population[edit]

In the 2010 census, it had a population of 69,788.[3] Together with neighboring Cabo San Lucas, it forms a major tourist destination for travelers, with over 900,000 hotel guests in 2011.[4] The two cities are served by Los Cabos International Airport.

The Mission San José del Cabo was founded in 1730 on the west bank of the nearby Río San José. The Río San José flows into an estuary, the largest body of fresh water in southern Baja, after flowing largely underground for 39.1 kilometres (24.3 mi) from its origin in the Sierra de la Laguna (Laguna Mountains). For more than 250 years it has furnished drinking and irrigation water for the town of San Jose del Cabo, beginning as a source of fresh water for Spanish galleons traveling back from the Philippines.[5] The river used to flow above ground until the beginning of the 20th century due to anthropogenic causes.[6] A one km long sand bar separates the estuary from what early Spanish explorers, including Sebastian Vizcaino, called the Bahía de San Bernabé or Bay of San Bernabé and now San José del Cabo Bay.[7]

San José del Cabo is one of two places where the rare and possibly extinct rice rat Oryzomys peninsulae has been found.[8]

Climate[edit]

San José del Cabo, like almost all of the Baja California peninsula, has an arid climate (Köppen BWh) although it does receive more rainfall than most areas further north due to tropical cyclones occasionally coming in from the south and bringing very heavy falls such as 340 millimetres (13.4 in) on the first of September 1998 and 316 millimetres (12.4 in) on 3 November 1993. Overall, however, rainfall is some of the most erratic anywhere in the world due to this influence, and many years pass by without significant falls at all.

The sea experiences lows of 72–73 °F (22–23 °C) in winter, and highs of 77–84 °F (25–29 °C) during the summer months.[9]

Average Sea Temperature
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
73 °F

23 °C

72 °F

22 °C

72 °F

22 °C

72 °F

22 °C

73 °F

23 °C

77 °F

25 °C

81 °F

27 °C

84 °F

29 °C

84 °F

29 °C

84 °F

29 °C

81 °F

27 °C

77 °F

25 °C

Climate data for San José del Cabo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
40.0
(104)
48.0
(118.4)
49.0
(120.2)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104)
39.0
(102.2)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
26.4
(79.5)
27.4
(81.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.9
(87.6)
32.6
(90.7)
33.8
(92.8)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
32.3
(90.1)
30.1
(86.2)
26.9
(80.4)
30.2
(86.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
19.2
(66.6)
20.1
(68.2)
21.9
(71.4)
24.0
(75.2)
26.5
(79.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.9
(84)
28.2
(82.8)
26.2
(79.2)
23.2
(73.8)
20.2
(68.4)
23.8
(74.8)
Average low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
12.0
(53.6)
12.8
(55)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.5
(68.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.8
(74.8)
23.0
(73.4)
20.1
(68.2)
16.3
(61.3)
13.4
(56.1)
17.4
(63.3)
Record low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41)
5.0
(41)
6.0
(42.8)
10.0
(50)
11.0
(51.8)
11.5
(52.7)
11.0
(51.8)
11.0
(51.8)
11.0
(51.8)
9.5
(49.1)
6.0
(42.8)
1.5
(34.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 13.1
(0.516)
5.3
(0.209)
1.3
(0.051)
1.0
(0.039)
0.3
(0.012)
0.9
(0.035)
20.5
(0.807)
53.6
(2.11)
112.5
(4.429)
42.9
(1.689)
25.2
(0.992)
11.4
(0.449)
288.0
(11.339)
Average rainy days 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 1.4 3.0 3.9 2.0 0.8 1.1 14.6
Source: Servicio Meteorológico National[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1990 13,302 —    
1995 21,737 +63.4%
2000 —    
2005 —    
2010 69,788 —    
[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Los Cabos". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Mexico: INAFED. 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ John Howells and Don Merwin (2007). Choose Mexico for retirement. Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press. p. 182. ISBN 9780762743926. 
  3. ^ a b "San Jose del Cabo". Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "Ranking of World Tourism" (PDF) (in Spanish). Consejo de Promoción Turística de México. 2011. p. 2. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Second edition, 1778, Edinburgh, page 1580. Scan of page can be found at http://www.hyzercreek.com/britannica.htm
  6. ^ José Luis León de la Luz, Raymundo Domínguez Cadena, Miguel Domínguez León, and José Juan Pérez Navarro (September 1997). "Floristic Composition of the San José del Cabo Oasis, Baja California Sur, México". SIDA, Contributions to Botany. 17 (3): 599–614. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  7. ^ Peter Masten Dunne. University of California Press. pp. 4–. GGKEY:FK94TH92Q55. 
  8. ^ Carleton, M.D. and Arroyo-Cabrales, J. 2009. Review of the Oryzomys couesi complex (Rodentia: Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae) in Western Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 331:94–127.
  9. ^ http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/Mexico/San-Jose-Del-Cabo/climate-profile.aspx?month=12
  10. ^ "Normales climatológicas 1951-2010. Estado: Baja California Sur. Estacion: San Jose del Cabo" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ http://www.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/TabuladosBasicos/LeerArchivo.aspx?ct=993&c=16762&s=est&f=1